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The Physical Geography of South East Asia

the physical geography of South East Asia
by

Jeremy Josey

on 6 May 2015

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Transcript of The Physical Geography of South East Asia

The Physical Geography of Southeast Asia
Millions of years ago,
tectonic
activity
formed the landmasses of Southeast Asia.
The main river of Southeast Asia is the
Mekong river
, which forms the boundaries of

five

nations.
Penninsulas and Islands
The
Indochina Peninsula
and the
Malay Peninsula
make up Southeast Asia. South and east of this area is
the
Malay Archipelago
, sometimes called the East Indies.
Indonesia is the largest
island country with more then 17,500 islands. Only 6,000 islands are inhabited.
The Philippines have 7,000 islands and only 900 are settled.
Mountains and Volcanoes
Mountains dominate Southeast Asia, creating geographic and political boundaries.
The Indochina Peninsula's western and
northern highlands
separate the region from India and China.
Many mountains separate the countries.
Mountains on Southeast Asia's Islands form part of the

Ring of Fire.
An area of volcanic and earthquake activity.
There are many
reefs
in Southeast Asia.
Expecially around the island countries.
Southeast Asia's plant and animal life is
exotic
and diverse.
Thailand cultivates over 1,000 species of orchids. Like
rubber
trees, mangoes, and all kinds of exotic fruit.

Southeast Asian wildlife is varied and distinctive. Elephants, tigers, rhinoceroses, orangutans roam sanctuaries.
The Eurasian, Philippine, and Indo-Australian tectonic plates collided millions of years ago, forming the landmasses known today as Southeast Asia. The upheaval formed
cordilleras
, or parallel mountain ranges. Activity from related volcanoes and tectonic activity created a series of archipelagos, or groups of islands. More than 20,000 islands can be found in the region.
About
half
of Southeast Asia's 11 countries are on the mainland.
The rest are island countries.
Through out Southeast Asia, people rely on
waterways
for
transportation
,
communication
, and
food
. The rivers create fertile soil and agricultural areas. Mainland rivers originate in the northern highlands.
Full transcript