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Transcript of Island Hopping
American battleships fired 165,000 shells onto the island before the invasion.
8,000 Marines were landed on the coast at 9:00 on June 15.
2,949 Americans were killed and 10,464 were wounded out of the 71,000 that landed.
30,000 Japanese troops and 25,000 civilians were killed for Japan. Key Individuals America
Jesse B. Oldendorf, Battleship Admiral
Richmond "Terrible" Turner, Commander of the Amphibious Force
Holland Smith, Marine General
Yoshitsugu Saito, Lieutenant General
Chuichi Nagumo, Commander in Chief of Japanese First Air Fleet
Takeo Takagi, Commander
Matsuji Ijuin, Vice Admiral Psychological Aftermath The Japanese civilians believed Americans to be so cruel that they rallied for a banzai charge when Japan knew they had lost the island. The attempt failed but killed many Americans.
At the end of the battle Japanese commanders Saito, Hirakushi, Igeta, and naval vice admiral Nagumo all committed suicide in a cave on Saipan. The Battle of Midway is considered by many the most important Naval Battle. It occurred between June 4th and 7th, 1942. About six months after the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. The Japanese Navy sought to take the United States out of the picture in the Pacific Theater of operations at Midway. The Japanese predicted that if they won the Battle of Midway then they could have free reign to establish their Greater East Asia Co Prosperity Sphere and planned on the U.S. surrendering.
American code breakers were able to determine the date and location of the attack the Japanese planned. Allowing the forewarned U.S. Navy to set up an ambush of their own. Battle of Iwo Jima Commanders Battle Facts Invasion After taking the Philippines and liberating American prisoners of war, the U.S. turned to Iwo Jima
The U.S. needed Iwo Jima to use as an airbase for bombers that could reach the Japanese mainland
Iwo Jima was perhaps the most heavily defended spot on Earth
20,700 Japanese soldiers were stationed on tunnels and caves
Only 200 Japanese survived in the 36 day long battle
6,000 Marines died out of 70,000 troops Admiral Raymond Spruance was the overall commander
Joint expeditionary force commander - Vice Admiral Richmond Turner
5th amphibious corps commanded by Harry Schmidt
3rd Marine division commanded by Major General Graves Erskine
4th and 5th Marine divisions commanded by Major General Clifton Cates and Major General Keller Rockey
Initial carrier raids against Iwo Jima began in June 1944
Prior to the invasion, the 8-square-mile island would suffer the longest, most intensive shelling of any Pacific island during the war
Turner set the invasion date for Feb. 19, 1945
The 4th and 5th Marine Division made it to the beaches easily, but when the Bombing stopped the Japanese came out of their tunnels and released a heavy barrage of firing against the Americans
The 4th division took over the quarry while the 5th and 28th divisions took Mt. Suribachi
The Battle Continues On the 5th day of fighting the second wave of Marines landed on the beach with a mission to take control of the center of the island
The Japanese centralized their soldiers in the central and Northern sectors of the island
U.S. goal was to capture the area that appropriately became known as the "Meat Grinder" which included hill 382
The 3rd Marine Division captured airfield two which turned out to be one of the hardest battles of Iwo Jima
The 4th Division received a final "mini-banzai" attack which completely decentralized the Japanese resistance The 4th division would join forces with the 3rd and 5th on the coast on March 10
On March 26th, the island was declared secure