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Art History

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Art History

on 16 May 2011

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Transcript of Art History

Futurism Les Demoiselles de Avignon Artist : Pablo Picasso
Nationality : Western
Date : 1907
Materials : Oil on Canvas

Les Demoiselles de Avignon may be called the first Cubist picture. Les Demoiselles de Avignon was Picasso's earliest Cubic work which broke dramatically from his figurative and poetic works. This work was influenced from artist such as El Greco, Cézanne, and Iberian and African art that Picasso had seen at the ethnographic museum in Paris. Picasso’s inspiration for this art work was drawn from the prostitution district of Paris. This art work expresses violent and barbaric intensity of the five women. The women are simultaneously seductive and horrifying. The two women on the right seem to demonstrate the anger best. The women's facial features disintegrate into primitive masks, and their bodies are hard edged. They seem sharp and capable of cutting through anything. At the time of Picasso’s creation he was increasingly influenced by the raw expressive power of African and Oceanic tribal arts. Candlestick and Playing Cards on a Table Artist : Georges Braque
Nationality : Western
Date : 1910
Materials : Oil on canvas

This still life presents one of the earliest illustrations of Braque's choice of an oval format. In Cubist compositions the forms are usually found in the center, leaving the corners empty. Braque preferred to avoid corners and concentrate on the center of the art work. At the center one can identify the corner of a table. The thick slab of wood of the table's corner juts in a wide angle into the lower center of the image. Farther back there appears to be a saucer like base of the brass candlestick. To the right of the candlestick floats two playing cards: the ace of hearts and the six of diamonds. The composition of this small oval painting consists of clearly defined Cubist flat surface in shades of brown and ocher highlighted by black and white. Artillery Artist : Roger de La Fresnaye
Nationality : Western
Date : 1911
Materials : Oil on canvas

This art work was painted three years before the occurrence of World War I, by Roger de la Fresnaye. The subject of this painting appears to be visionary since the Artillery art work represents an imaginary scene. La Fresnaye often observed similar military actions in Paris. La Fresnaye was also a son of a military officer. Artillery officers on white and brown horses accompany an ammunition wagon for moving artillery that transports a field gun and three soldiers in helmets. In the background a military music band is approaching and the figures are wearing the blue and red uniforms of the infantry. The color scheme takes its cue from the tricolors held higher above composed of red, white, and blue, along with earthen tones. These colors that surround the figures intensify the situation and appear to call attention towards the military figures. The color scheme appears to manipulate the visual impression of movement even though the action is frozen in time. He paid close attention to details on the various military uniforms. The figures are reduced to their extreme simplicity and geometric core. Artillery demonstrates the artist's ever greater emphasis on the solid geometry that underlies all forms in nature. The Bargeman Artist : Fernand Léger
Date : 1918
Materials : Oil on canvas

Fernand Léger ranks amongst the foremost Cubist painters. By 1912 he had developed his own adaptation of Cubism. He utilized pure color and simplified the forms in his pictures into geometric components such as the cone, cube, and sphere. Leger was also fascinated by machines and modern technology. The Bargeman shows a boat set against a background covered by exteriors of houses. The artist combines several of his favorite themes such as motion, the city, and men at work. The colorful and overlapping disks, cylinders, cones, and diagonals present an abstract equivalent of the visual impressions of a man traveling along the Seine through Paris. All that can be seen of the Bargeman, however are his tube like arms in the upper part of the composition which end in metallic claws. This painting marked the beginning of his “mechanical period”, during which the figure and object he created were characterized by sleekly rendered tubular and machine like forms. Gitane Endormie (Sleepy Gypsy) Artist: Robert Rafailovich Falk
Date: 1909-1912
Materials: Oil on canvas (unlined)
Size: 99 x 122.2 cm.

This still life is representing a sleeping gypsy (refer to title). The pinks and red seem to represent a pillow and blankets. According to my research, critics suppose this piece of artwork could be symbolic for the artist’s sympathy for the persecuted gypsies in the Holocaust. Trompe-l'oeil Artist : Edgar Mueller
Nationality : German/ Ireland
Date : August 21 – 24, 2008
Materials : Acrylic wall paint

Edgar Mueller created street art as part of the Festival of World Culture in Ireland. The full size of the artwork is 250 square meters and it took 5 days to complete the artwork. This artwork relates to our topic and theme because it borrows elements from Trompe-l’oeil in which the image is depicted in three dimensions and it depends on how your eyes perceive the artwork. Trompe-l’oeil means “fools the eye” and “Ice Age” takes on the meaning very well. It depicts a huge crevasse on the pier of Ireland. From a certain viewpoint, it tricks your eyes and convinces yourself that there is huge fissure on the pier. Artist : Edgar Mueller
Nationality : German/Canada
Date : Summer 2007
Materials : Acrylic wall paint

This is the first of the large-sized street paintings that Edgar Mueller created. The street painting was created in Canada for the Prairie Arts festival in 2007. The full size is 280 square meters. This artwork relates to our topic and theme because it depends on how your eyes perceive the artwork. “Turning Riverstreet into a River” depicts two people on raft about to go over a waterfall. The artwork uses elements of anamorphosis in which it requires the viewer to view the artwork from a specific vantage point. This artwork also takes on the meaning of Trompe-l’oeil in tricking the eyes. A fatal waterfall is shown but in reality, it is still a street in Canada Artist : Guido Daniele
Nationality : Italian
Date : Before 2002

Materials: Theatrical makeup and body paint
Part of the Handanimal series by Guido Daniele. This artwork relates to out theme, “Visual Impressions,” because it depicts a realistic cobra but in actuality, it is a hand painted with theatrical makeup and body paint. At first, one would perceive it as a real cobra but if viewed closer, you can see the outline of the thumb and thumbnail. This artwork takes elements of a contemporary Trompe-l’oeil in tricking the eyes of viewers. Cobra on Green Artist: Umberto Boccioni, 1882-1991
Date: 1911
Material: Oil on canvas
Size: 100 cm X 100.5 cm (39.4 in. X 39.6 in.)

This painting really relates to the perceiving body because there is so much to see in it and interpret from the viewer standpoint. This painting makes us stare at every part of it and think about what exactly it is supposed to portray. And the title makes us want to see the many sounds that are penetrating the house and guess why the sounds are penetrating the house. This also puts us in the shoes of the artist; we see what his vision is, how he perceives what he heard on the street, and how he feels about it through art. Sound of the Street Penetrating the House Artist: Kazimir Severonic Malevich; Russian, 1878-1935
Date: 1912-1913
Material: Oil on canvas
Size: 79.5 X 79.5 cm (31 5/16 X 31 5/16 in.)

This painting is related to the perceiving body because we truly see and understand what the artist is trying to depict and make us see. There are so many components/shapes to it and it captures the eye. It allows us to see a person performing an action in a different perspective; they are made in a collection of shapes. This is what the artist perceived how the knife grinder moves and how the artist truly feels about it. The Knife Grinder
(Principle of Glittering) Artist: Emilio Pettoruti, 1892-1971
Date: 1919
Material: Oil on canvas
Size: 51 X 41 cm

This painting relates to our theme of perceiving body because we clearly see a person in the painting, but we are looking at her according to how the artist sees her. We do not see a face that is normal; her face is deformed in a way. The artist wants us to see her more deeply than usual and to look at the emotions/expressions her portray in her face. Portrait of Maria Perenno
(Retrato de la senora Maria Perenno) The Drinker Artist: Umberto Boccioni
Date: 1914
Nationality: Italian
Materials: Oil on Canvas

The Drinker is an artwork by Boccioni that is supposed to represent a man in a tavern or somewhere inside with a drink in his hand. This artwork is comprised of shapes strategically placed to give the viewer’s eye the idea of a man with a mug in his hand. It relates to our theme of visual impressions because the painting falls under the category of Futurism and can be perceived in more than one way. Artist: Umberto Boccioni
Date: 1909
Nationality: Italian
Materials: Oil on Canvas

The Morning is a painting of a street in a town where they are performing their every day routines. This piece of art relates to visual impressions because the actual painting of the scenery, the objects in the painting, etc. aren’t composed of clearly defined lines. Boccioni mixed colors with small, swift brush strokes and let the viewer’s idea piece the whole artwork together. The Morning Artist : Liubov Popova (1889-1924/ Russian)
Date : 1914
Materials : Oil on canvas

The Lady with a Guitar by Lyubov Popova is a painting that is oil on canvas and generally depicts a woman playing a guitar. The overlapping and intersecting angular planes are elements that link the entire composition as a whole while visually portraying the same image in different perspectives. Popova uses light and dark contrast to emphasis the body of the woman by painting her clothes and hair with darker colors and the background with lighter colors which in results makes her importance in the painting dominant. The use of geometric shapes and lines throughout the painting also helps the viewer visually interpret what is going in the painting, such as the woman’s facial features and the outline of the guitar. Artist : Jean Metzinger 1883-1956
Date : 1919

The Knitter by Jean Metzinger is a painting that is oil on canvas and depicts a person most likely a female who is sitting down and knitting. The geometric shapes form the outline of the person body and the curves and triangular shapes emphasis the fact that she is indeed sitting and her arms are bent while knitting. Metzinger also uses color to illustrate that what the viewer is looking at is person by putting lighter colors in her clothing and darker colors in the background. Light is also used to highlight the garment that she is wearing. Artist : Francis Picabia 1879-1953
Date : 1912
Materials : Oil on canvas Lady with the Guitar The Knitter Dances At The Spring Escaping Criticism Artist : Pere Borrell del Caso
Date : 1874
Mateial : Oil on canvas

There is a lot going on in this painting, and the title alone gives away a great deal. The depicted subject is escaping the painting, and thus escaping being viewed and crtiqued. The key part of this is that its the depiction thats escaping, not the subject, because thats obviously impossible. The work is entertaining the idea of art coming to life and having feelings about being viewed and judged. Violin Suspended from a Knob Artist : Attributed to Jan van der Vaart
Date : 1674
Mateial : Oil on canvas mounted on panel

Trompe-l'oeil is at its core an exercise in deception. This work doubles down and almost creates a deception within a deception. Not only is the viewer fooled by the violin, but also by the door itself. They believe they are looking at a violin on a door but figuring out its not a violin is just the beginning, as they then have to realize that they weren't even looking a door to begin with. Ice Age/ The Crevasse Turning Riverstreet into a River/Flash Flood in Canada Cubism Dances at the Spring by Francis Picabia is truly a definition of cubism in itself. It is an oil on campus and uses many different perspectives to illustrate to the viewers that the painting is depicting dancers in movement. The lighter colors in the middle and darker colors in the back place emphasis on the two dancers together. The geometric shapes plays a significant role as well as the repeating shapes and forms imply that the dancers are indeed moving around and the settle colors evoke a smooth and gracefully feeling toward the painting.
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