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Sports

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Jack Weston

on 26 January 2014

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Transcript of Sports

History
Sports
Group 3 Assessment 2a
Basketball
Jack Weston
History
Equipment
The first ever game of basketball was played with merely nothing more than a bucket nailed to the wall that required retrieval after every score. The equipment for the modern game has changed dramatically. The equipment needed for the average basketball game is a wooden court with the dimensions 28m long x 15 m wide. A leather basketball between 75 and 78 cm in circumference, a basket hanging 3.05m above the floor attached to a 'backboard' which is a rectangular board that players may use to assist in shooting baskets.
Famous Athlete
Perhaps the most famous basketballer of all time and widely known as the greatest of all time is of NBA basketballer Michael Jordan. His record is unparalleled in the game. Playing with the Chicago Bulls and the Washington WIzards
Honors: Six-time NBA champion (1991-93, 1996-98); NBA MVP (1988, '91, '92, '96, '98); 10-time All-NBA First Team (1987-93, 1996-98); All-NBA Second Team (1985); Defensive Player of the Year (1988); Nine-time All-Defensive First Team (1988-93, 1996-98); Rookie of the Year (1985); 14-time All-Star; All-Star MVP (1988, '96, '98); One of 50 Greatest Players in NBA History (1996); Two-time Olympic gold medalist (1984, '92). Honors: Six-time NBA champion (1991-93, 1996-98); NBA MVP (1988, '91, '92, '96, '98); 10-time All-NBA First Team (1987-93, 1996-98); All-NBA Second Team (1985); Defensive Player of the Year (1988); Nine-time All-Defensive First Team (1988-93, 1996-98); Rookie of the Year (1985); 14-time All-Star; All-Star MVP (1988, '96, '98); One of 50 Greatest Players in NBA History (1996); Two-time Olympic gold medalist (1984, '92). (Nba.com, 2014)
Common Injuries
References
Griffiths, S. (2010). The canadian who invented basketball. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-11348053
Wakeboarding
Sarah Boyle
Wakeboarding arose in the mid 1980's when Tony Finn, a surfer from San Diego created the "skurfer" - the creation that combined a water ski and a surfboard. At this early stage, there were no straps or bindings on the “skurfer”, it was simply a smaller version of a surf board that was towed at the back of a boat. In the late 1980’s, there was a major development in wakeboarding history; footstraps were drilled in the "skurfer". Which took the sport to a whole new level, allowing the surfer to get much more air, similar" to snowboarding. Within a decade, the "skurfer evolved with the assistance of Herb O’Brien who refined the design and
dynamics of the board.
Equipment
Wakeboarding can start off being a costly hobbie and you will need the following:

- a wakeboard
- bindings
- a life jacket
- a boat
- wakeboard line (this is attached to the boat and has a handle at the other end)
- a helmet
- binding lubricant (to assist you getting your feet into the bindings)
- open water with minimal waves ie. river or lake

Famous Athlete
Harley Clifford is an up and coming twenty year old Australian who was born in Thornlands, Queensland. Harley has been competing at a professional level when he was fourteen years of age, and has won over 25 major professional events. Harley has been named The King of Wakeboarding - two years running. He is respected in the wakeboarding community for his free-riding style and his approachable manner
Common Injuries
Some of the most common type of wakeboarding injuries are lacerations to the upper part of the body; head, neck and arms. As the upper part of the body is seperated by the most distance to the water, when the body is thrown hard into the water, these areas become subject to hard hits of the waters' surface. Other common injuries are injuries of the ankles and knees. The reason for this, is because of the pressure put on the knees and ankles when landing the wake, and also the force that is put into these joints in order to rotate on the wake.
References
Liquid Force; Harley Clifford. http://www.liquidforce.com/team-harley-clifford.html Accessed Tuesday 7 January 2014

Body Glove; Wake Team: Harley Clifford: http://www.bodyglove.com/team/harley-clifford/ Accessed Tuesday 7 January 2014

The History of Wakeboarding: http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~ucfwc/pages/wakeinfo.htm Accessed Tuesday 7 January 2014

Ben Favret (2010)
Water Skiing and Wakeboarding
United States, US: Human Kinetics

Network A (2013, January 3) DEFY Wakeboarding Teaser Featuring Danny Harf, Parks Bonifay, Dean Smith & More! [Video file] Retrieved from
http;//www.youtube.com/watch?v=plE3KNmuwj4
Baseball
Lisa Crisford
History
Baseball is one of the largest sports in the United States. It was established by the National Association of Base Ball Players (NABBP) in 1857 with just 16 New York City clubs. As it continued to grow a need for a professional association arose and it was established in 1871 which than replaced the NABBP. The Chicago Cubs who first played in 1870 are the only original team left from the NABBP.
Famous Athlete
Babe Ruth is one of the most famous and successful base ball player of all time. He was born Febuary 6, 1895 and died August 16, 1948. George Herman Ruth Jr as he was born was later nicked named "the bambino" and "the sultan of swat". He played the positions of pitcher and outfielder. Babe Ruth ad a career spanning over 22 years and played at 3 different clubs. He was most famous for his batting records and was continuously breaking records in his era. He was the first ever American Sports Celebrity Superstar.
Common Injuries
The most common injuries for a baseball players are shoulder injuries. The most common name for the injury is "dead arm syndrome".
Usually if caught earlier enough a player is able to use rest combined with a physical therapy and within time can return to both training and playing. However on occasion surgery is needed and a procedure known as a "labral repair" (stitching the cartilage ring back to the bone of the socket) the is performed.
Equipment
To be able to successfully play a game of baseball the following equipment is needed.
-Bat
-Ball
-Bases
-Gloves and Catchers mit
-Batting Gloves
-Batting Helmet and a Catcher's Helmet
-Athletic Cup for men and a Pelvic Protector for women
-Shirt and Pants
-Sliding Shorts that are worn under pants to add padded protection
References
About.com, Sports Medicine, (2013) http://sportsmedicine.about.com/od/baseballinjuries/a/baseballinjury.htm

Wikipedia (2014)
http://en.wikipedia.org./wiki/babe_ruth

Wikipedia (2014)
http://en.wikipedia.org./wiki/national_association_of_base_ball_players

http://en.wikipedia.org./wiki/baseball_clothing_and_equipment

SEC Digital Network (2012, May 26) Vanderbilt Triple Steel [Video file] Retrieved from
http;//www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYcNbBnicm4
Mixed Martial Arts
Ryan Bateman

HISTORY
EQUIPMENT
Famous Athlete

Common Injuries
Injuries occur in all sports, mixed martial arts is no exception. The most common injuries consist of three types lacerations, upper extremity injuries and concussion(sports medicine 2008). Lacerations and bruising are common injuries associated with combat sports caused by punches,kicks,knees and elbows. Upper extremity injuries refer to sprains, fractures and broken bones that occur in the upper body for example an armbar breaking the elbow joint.Conccusions can be very serious and are carefully monitored after competition it is common place to suspend a fighter from competition if they have suffered a concussion.
References
Ngai K.M (2008)Injury Trends In Sanctioned Mixed Martial Arts Competition: A Five-Year Review 2002-2007 : British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Mmajunkie staff (2011) "Couture finally done" Mmajunkie.

Hunt L (2008)Becoming the Natural: My Life in and Out of the Cage.

UFC (Ultimate Fighting Champship) (2013, November 12) Top 20 Knockouts in UFC History [Video file] Retrieved from
http;//www.youtube.com/watch?v=LWE79K2Ii-s
The game of Basketball was invented in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts by Dr. James Naismith as a way to avoid cold winter temperatures and still keep his students active.
The game is now the second most played sport in the world, played in over 200 countries (Griffiths, 2010)
Basketball is now an Olympic sport and Professional leagues are now multi-million dollar businesses.
One of the most common injuries in the game of basketball is to the ankle. Due to the high paced nature of the game and sharp changes of directions also, standing on opponents feet can also be a cause of a 'rolled' ankle.
Other injuries that may be sustained are to the fingers of players. Catching of the ball is an important skill for basketball, deflections off opponents and the basket can cause sprains or breaks to the fingers.
Sma.org.au. (2014). Basketball fact sheet | sports medicine australia. [online] Retrieved from: http://sma.org.au/resources-advice/sport-fact-sheets/basketball-fact-sheet/

Olympic.org. (2014). Basketball equipment, history and rules | olympic basketball. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.olympic.org/basketball-equipment-and-history

Nba.com. (2014). Nba.com: michael jordan bio. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.nba.com/history/players/jordan_bio.html

LeHillan (2013, February 12) Michael Jordan's Top 10 Intense Slam Dunks Of All Time! [Video file] Retrieved from
http;//www.youtube.com/watch?v=plE3KNmuwj4
Mixed Martial arts in its modern form exist as a byproduct of the Gracie family and the creation of the Ultimate Fighting Championship or UFC in 1993. Hello and Carlos Gracie created the UFC as a way of proving that Gracie Jiu-jitsu was the most effective form of martial art in a real fight situation with no rules. The original tournaments were no rules, no weight classes, the fights were bare knuckled and fought in an octagon cage. Today MMA (mixed martial arts) is regulated with rules and monitored by many different sporting commissions. is the fastest growing sport in the world and is rapidly overtaking other combat sports such as Boxing, Mauy Thai and pro wrestling as the number 1 combat sport in the world.
Modern mixed martial arts bouts are fought in an octagon cage 9.8m in diameter with chain link fence walls that are approximately 1.7m high. The fighters must use 6 ounce open fingered gloves (for grappling purposes) with at least 1 inch padding around the knuckles. A mouth guard and protective cup are also required to compete in a sanctioned bout.
Randy "The Natural" Couture is arguably the most
recognizable mixed martial artist in the world not only did Randy Couture have an amazing career as a fighter winning 2 UFC titles in 2 weight classes but has starred acting in many high budget films such as The Expendables and the scorpion king 2.Randy couture was a NCAA All American wrestler and an alternate for the American Olympic team in Roman-Greco wrestling before competing as a mixed martial artist( hunt 2008). Randy first competed in UFC 13 May 1997 as a fighter in the heavy weight tournament which he succeeded in winning by TKO in the 1st round.Randy claimed his 1st UFC belt at heavy weight by defeating champion Maurice Smith by decision December 21st 1997. Randy had an mma career that spanned 14 years finally retiring April 30 2011 after a knockout loss to Lyoto Machida (mmajunkie 2011). Randy Couture was a 4 time UFC champion twice at heavy weight and twice at light heavy weight ( the only person to have achieved this feat).

Our Group (3) decided on Sports as our topic as through communication with each other, we discoverd that all of us are very sports' orientated. We than chose a sport that we each wanted to learn more about. Our Sub-headings were chosen to make the research conducted accessible and easy to locate.
Our checklist for checking creditable online resources was created through the knowledge learnt from the Week 7 Activity.
On top of the list, was that all online resource information was to carry a 'date stamp' ensuring that the information was not only relevent but also up to date.
Thank you for viewing our Prezi Presentation on our favourite Sports.

We hope that you have found the information useful.

Jack Weston
Lisa Crisford
Ryan Bateman
Sarah Boyle


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