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HSI Classical Civilizations
Transcript of HSI Classical Civilizations
5th Period Political Emperors were the head of the republic of classical Rome. They were advised by the legislative senate which was composed of aristocrats as well as another house of commoners. Economic Rome and other large cities in the Roman Empire served as center for trade and connected trade routes such as the Silk Road. Most of its population consisted of farmers and helped establish the empire through commercial agriculture. Religion Rome started as polytheistic but later turned to Christianity. Christians suffered persecution after their religion threatened Roman law but Emperor Constantine ended persecution by making it the official religion of the Roman Empire. Social Rome's social classes consisted of patricians (noblemen) but most of the population was plesbian (free men) or slave. The emperor had absolute control over the entire empire. Interactions Rome fought many wars against neighboring empires succeeded in expanding. They conquered Carthage, Greece, the Gauls, and the Spaniards. Constant Germanic invasions threatened Rome and contributed to it's fall. Arts Rome had many great works of art such as the Colosseum, the Pantheon, and the Forum. Other great architectual works were the aquaducts and they used concrete as a new building material. The empire relied upon "bread and circuses" to keep the people happy. Environment Rome was located in the Italian peninsula and the empire spaned several continents such as Europe and Africa. The city is located near the Mediterranean Sea which was called the Roman Lake and increased sea trade. Cause of Death The decline of Rome was caused by many factors that caused rebellions and resulted in the empire failing. High taxes, mercenaries, and weak rulers were internal causes. External factors included invaders constantly raiding the empire. Rome and Qin Rome and the Qin have many characteristics that make them similar and different. The empires both have an emperor who controlled the eveything. They both had forced labor and traded with neighboring places. Both empires were also capable of creating irrigation systems such as aquaducts in Rome or canal systems in the Qin. However, the Qin were abnle to build the Great Wall of China to keep out invaders form the north. Unlike the Romans, who were being raided by Germaic invaders such as Attila the Hun. http://www.clker.com/clipart-dead-so-dead.html