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Physical Features in the Arab World
Transcript of Physical Features in the Arab World
Highlands and Plateaus.
II.) Water Bodies
They are found in a number of Arab countries.
is the most important mountain in Oman.
(Red Sea mountains) lie to the east and west of the Red Sea. Those that lie to the north-east are called Al-Hijaz Mountains while those that lie to the south-east are called Assir Mountains. These mountains are found in Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Oman.
The mountains that lie to the west of the Red Sea are found in Egypt and Sudan.
are found in Algeria and Morocco.
lie along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea mainly in Syria and Lebanon.
Highlands and Plateaus:
Occupy large areas in the Arab world and are mainly of medium height.
Plateau of the Sahara Desert
lies in Africa and extends from the Red Sea in the east to Atlantic Ocean in the west, where a number of highlands, sand-dunes, oases and dry ravines are found.
Plateau of Najd
lies in the Arabian Peninsula. It has a number of sand-dunes and dry ravines that cover large areas of Al Nofoothe Desert, Al Dehna and The Empty Quarter
They are divided into 2 types - Coastal and Sedimentary Plains.
lie along the coasts of oceans, seas and gulfs, getting narrower whenever there are mountains or highlands near the coast.
Sedimentary or alluvial plains
are level and fertile. They are agriculturally productive.
II.) Water Bodies:
Extremely hot in summers and cold in winters.
Great temperature variations within a day.
High rate of evaporation.
There are no permanent rivers, however there are plenty of oases.
The following are the water bodies surrounding it:
Gulf of Aden.
Gulf of Oman.
This provides it with a strategic importance for trade and commerce.