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Physical Features in the Arab World

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Asins Malcom Joseph

on 3 May 2016

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Transcript of Physical Features in the Arab World

Physical Features of the Arab World
By A
I.)Relief Features.
Highlands and Plateaus.
II.) Water Bodies

They are found in a number of Arab countries.
Green Mountain
is the most important mountain in Oman.
(Red Sea mountains) lie to the east and west of the Red Sea. Those that lie to the north-east are called Al-Hijaz Mountains while those that lie to the south-east are called Assir Mountains. These mountains are found in Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Oman.
I.)Relief Features:
The mountains that lie to the west of the Red Sea are found in Egypt and Sudan.
Atlas Mountains
are found in Algeria and Morocco.
Taurus Mountains
lie along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea mainly in Syria and Lebanon.
Highlands and Plateaus:
Occupy large areas in the Arab world and are mainly of medium height.
Plateau of the Sahara Desert
lies in Africa and extends from the Red Sea in the east to Atlantic Ocean in the west, where a number of highlands, sand-dunes, oases and dry ravines are found.
Plateau of Najd
lies in the Arabian Peninsula. It has a number of sand-dunes and dry ravines that cover large areas of Al Nofoothe Desert, Al Dehna and The Empty Quarter
They are divided into 2 types - Coastal and Sedimentary Plains.
Coastal Plains
lie along the coasts of oceans, seas and gulfs, getting narrower whenever there are mountains or highlands near the coast.
Sedimentary or alluvial plains
are level and fertile. They are agriculturally productive.
II.) Water Bodies:
III.) Climate:
Extremely hot in summers and cold in winters.
Great temperature variations within a day.
High humidity.
Occasional rainfall.
Frequent Sandstorms.
Light Breezes.
High rate of evaporation.
Desert vegetation.
There are no permanent rivers, however there are plenty of oases.
The following are the water bodies surrounding it:
Red Sea.
Gulf of Aden.
Gulf of Oman.
Mediterranean Sea.
Persian Gulf
Arabian Sea.
This provides it with a strategic importance for trade and commerce.
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