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Amazing Cities of Australia
Transcript of Amazing Cities of Australia
Geography & Climate
In 1835, Melbourne started its humble origin as a small pastoral outpost established by groups of Tasmanian farmers. Discovery of gold in the 1850s has brought spectacular wealth and prosperity in one of the greatest gold rush in world history. (City of Melbourne, 2013)
Today, Melbourne is the world’s most liveable city as ranked by the Economist Intelligence Unit in areas of stability, healthcare, culture & environment, education, and infrastructure. (Economist, 2013)
Economy & Infrastructure
Melbourne is widely considered as the “sporting and cultural capital” of Australia for hosting various international events the likes of the Australian Formula 1 Grand Prix, Australian Open Tennis, Moomba, and the Melbourne International Arts/film/comedy Festivals (Wikipedia, 2013).
With a rich immigrant history, the multi-cultural profile of Melbourne strongly advances the city’s claim as Australia’s culinary capital, with great many restaurants serving cultural cuisines from around the world.
•Royal Exhibition Building
•The Shrine of Remembrance
•Saint Paul’s Cathedral
Welcome to Amazing cities of Australia. Our group has chosen to take on the task of presenting three of the most well-known Australian cities; providing information about history, geography, economy, infrastructure, local culture and attractions of each metropolis to help you decide which city is the most amazing of them all.
Melbourne benefits from a diversified economy such as finance, manufacturing, and tourism. The biggest industry (in terms of numbers employed) is the professional, technical and scientific services sector. (Geografia, 2012)
The city is also home to a well-connected system of air, marine, road and rail transport infrastructure. The Melbourne airport is the second busiest in Australia, and the Port of Melbourne is one of the world’s largest container ports (Invest Victoria, 2012). Of particular note, Melbourne is the only Australian city that has retained a tram network which is now the second largest in the world.
ABC News 2013, Perth is most expensive city in Southern Hemisphere, viewed 05 September 2013, <http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-07-11/pricey-perth/4814248>
Australian Bereau of Statistics, 2011,2011 Census quick stats, viewed 06 September 2013, <http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2011/quickstat/5GPER>
Bureau of Meteorology 2013, Climate statistics for Australian Locations (Melbourne), Australian Bureau of Meteorology, viewed 05 September 2013, < http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_086071.shtml>
City of Melbourne 2013, History: Settlement to city, Melbourne city council, viewed 2 September 2013, <http://www.melbourne.vic.gov.au/AboutMelbourne/History/Pages/SettlementtoCity.aspx>
Economist 2013, Global Liveability Ranking and Report August 2013, The Economist, viewed 28 August 2013, <https://www.eiu.com/public/topical_report.aspx?campaignid=Liveability2013>
Geografia 2012, City of Melbourne: Key Economic Indicators, Melbourne City Council, viewed 05 September 2013, <http://geografia.com.au/melbourne>
Google 2013, Wikimedia Foundation, viewed 07 September 2013, < https://www.google.com.au/search?q=the+size+of+perth&oq=the+perth&gs_l=serp.3...3981.6543.0.6822.214.171.124.0.0.0.82.126.96.36.199....0...1c.1.26.serp..16.1.82.e5QHgC1MVPY>
Heritage Perth, 2013, A short history of Perth, viewed 05 Septemver 2013, <http://heritageperth.com.au/make-history/history-for-perth/>
Invest Victoria 2012, Why Melbourne: World-Class Infrastructure, State Government of Victoria, viewed 05 September 2013, <http://www.invest.vic.gov.au/world-class-infrastructure>
Lonely Planet 2013, Sydney Australia, Lonely Plant, viewed 2 September 2013, <http://www.lonelyplanet.com/australia/sydney/videos/sydney-sydney>
Mercer 2012, 2012 Quality of Living Worldwide City Rankings – Mercer Survey, Mercer, viewed 3 September 2013, <http://www.mercer.com/press-releases/quality-of-living-report-2012>
Regional Development Australia 2013, Economic Profile, RDA Sydney, viewed 2 September 2013, <http://www.rdasydney.org.au/the-sydney-region>
Sydney.com 2013, History of Sydney, Sydney.com, viewed 31 August 2013, <http://www.sydney.com/things-to-do/arts-and-culture/history-of-sydney>
The Conversation 2012, Australian Census, viewed 08 September 2013, <https://theconversation.com/australian-census-booming-western-australia-must-embrace-its-new-diversity-7832>
Wikipedia 2013, Wikipedia Foundatio, viewed 06 September 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Perth,_Western_Australia>
Wikipedia 2013, Wikipedia Foundation, viewed 05 September 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voting_rights_of_Australian_Aborigines>
Wikipedia 2013, Culture of Melbourne, Wikimedia Foundation, viewed 05 September 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Melbourne>
Wikipedia 2013, Perth, Wikimedia Foundation, viewed 07 September 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perth>
Wikipedia 2013, Geography of Melbourne, Wikimedia foundation, viewed 05 September 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Melbourne>
World Population Review 2013, Population of Sydney 2013, World Population Review, viewed 2 September 2 2013, <http://worldpopulationreview.com/population-of-sydney/>
Sydney was founded in 1788 by the British & was chosen as a disciplinary colony for prisoners shipped out from the bursting jails of England. Twenty years later, Governor Lachlan Macquarie forged a new path for New South Wales, as a society of free men and women. Today Sydney is the largest city in Australia with an “official population of 4,391,674” (World Population Review, 2013)
Geography & Climate
Sydney is situated on the East Coast of Australia & has an astonishing ever-changing landscape comprised of sand, surf, bushland & mountains. Sydney takes full advantage of its geographical positioning” (Lonely Planet, 2013) with numerous outdoor activities & attractions to enjoy the unique landscape.
Economy & Infastructure
Sydney has a well-established internationally connected economy serviced by a vast road & rail network, “Both Sydney’s rail network & its international airport are the largest facilities of their type in Australia” (Regional Development Australia, 2013)
According to the 2012 quality of living worldwide city rankings – Mercer Survey, Sydney has been ranked 10th worldwide. This ranking was based on “electricity supply, water availability, telephone and mail services, public transportation, traffic congestion & the range of international flights from local airports” (Mercer, 2013)
Sydney is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse cities, with more than “180 nationalities calling Sydney home” (Sydney.com, 2013). Sydney fully embraces & celebrates being so multicultural.
•Centre Point Tower
•Sydney Harbour Bridge
Melbourne is situated on the south-eastern fringe of Australian continent. Measuring an area of approximately 8,694 km², the city sprawls around much of Port Philip with a wealth of landscape diversity. (Wikipedia, 2013)
Located in the southern hemisphere, Melbourne enjoys its warm summer months from December to February and cool winter months from June to August. Melbourne weather is also known to be temperamental due to the city’s situation on the Port Philip bay. (Bureau of Meteorology, 2013)
Perth is located in the South Western region of Western Australia. Being one of the world's most isolcated cities, the nearest city is Adelaide being some 2104 kilometres away( Wiki 2013).
Covering an area of 5386 kilmetres squared, Perth has a population of 1.74 million people. (Google,2013)
Perth weather is of a some may say mediterranian nature. While enjoying at least 8 hours of sunshine a day, Perth's hottest recorded temperature was 46.2 degrees (Wikipedia, 2013) While winters are only modestly cold bringing in the lowest recorded temperature at 3.4 degrees. (Wiki, 2013)
Caversham Wildlife Park
The first people known to live in Perth were the Nyoongar people of Aboriginal descent. In the year of 1829 Captain James Stirling descended upon Perth in which European settlement began. Although it is known that the first European people to arrive in Perth were Dutch in 1619, however they did not reach land due to weather restrictions. Since this time until 1658 there were several unsuccessful attempts to reach Perth from European settlers.
Perth was originally named Boorloo by the Nyoongar people, however Captain Stirling choose the name Perth, after Perth in Scotland. From the year of 1831, constant conflict arose between the Nyoongar people and the European settlers, resulting in death between both parties. In 1965 Aborignal people were granted the right to vote in Queensland. (Wiki, 2013)
The Perth economy is booming, with the exportation of iron-ore, gold, liquified gas and wheat. Providing labour based employment. The average wage is $1459.00 (Census Data, 2013) With one of the highest GSP's in the world, Perth is the most expensive city to live in the Southern Hemisphere. (ABC News, 2013)
Perth is geographically closer to Jakarta than to Sydney ( Wiki, 2013); attracting migrants from countries such as Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam and China. Perth also houses many European people. With a study revealing Irish, Scottish and Italian people dominated the ethnic background in Perth. (Australian Bereau of Statistics, 2007)
From the world-famous Sydney harbour district to Melbourne’s prestigious cultural precinct and Perth’s amazing beaches. We have showcased each of the three cities at their finest and provided you with some quick facts in order to compare and contrast these amazing places. We hope our work and have enticed you to visit all of our amazing cities!
Credibility of OnlineSources
We have adopted a checklist approach to establish the credibility and reliability of the online sources in our research:
•Accuracy: extensive cross-referencing through a multitude of online sources by our diligent researchers has ensured high validity of empirical facts.
•Authority & Objectivity: All group members have been mindful of commercial intent/ conflict of interest during their research. As a result most of our online sources are either non-profitable or governmental organizations (e.g. state government of Victoria, Australian Bereau of Statistics) presenting authoritative facts rather than opinions.
•Coverage: the presented information in our selection of online sources appeared complete and comprehensive.
•Currency: vast majority of our selected sources (with a single exception) were uploaded or last uploaded in current or the previous year.