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Transcript of Buddhism
Largest population of Buddhists are in Asia, particularly in China.
By percentage, Thailand has the largest percentage population of Buddhists at 95% of the
China has the highest number of Buddhists at 105,000,000
Different branches and variations of Buddhism are followed regionally
practiced in Tibet and Mongolia
follow tantrism: stresses meditation and secret rituals
Dalai Lama:head monk of Tibetan Buddhism, had government control until 1959, one of the requirements for being chosen was to be born around the same time period of the previous Dalai Lama's death
East asian form of buddhism
Influences Japanese culture
Oldest surviving sect of Buddhism
70% of Sri Lanka's population, common in Continental Southeast asia
generally conservative, according to some it most similar to the "original" Buddhism
In the United States, Buddhists make up around 0.5% to 0.9% of the population
varies in statistics overall
tied with Islam in population Most important holiday
Celebrates the birth, enlightenment, and death of Buddha
Takes place in the first full-moon day in May
Celebrated differently all over the world
Lights and lanterns are put up on homes and buildings
Buddha means "one who is awaken and has become enlightened"
It shows that Buddhist should move to the Enlightenment themselves
Buddhists chant and pray
Bathing the Buddha: water is poured on shoulders of Buddha to show purifying the mind of greed, hatred, and ignorance Buddhism begins with Siddhartha Gautama, an Indian prince
Believed to live around 560-480 BCE, recent studies say that he lived around 485-405
Encountered four signs when he rode beyond the palace gardens: an old man, a corpse, a sick person, and a mendicant
When Gautama was 29, he left his palace, his wife, and his child and bid farewell
Looked for an answer for the suffering he experienced
Sat under a bodhi tree and meditated to look for answers to his problems
Evil spirits tried to make him give up his meditations for 48 days
Gautama suddenly realized the cause and cure for agony and misery
Eliminated the ignorance that kept people in the endless cycle of reincarnation
Experienced enlightenment after six years leaving the palace and reached the status of Buddha Vesak
Schober, Juliane. "Buddhism." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.
"Buddhism." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Ed. William A. Darity, Jr. 2nd Ed. Vol. 1. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008. 381-385. Gale World History In Context. Web. 13 Dec. 2012.
Long, J. Bruce. “Reincarnation.” Encyclopedia of Religion. Ed. Lindsay Jones. 2nd ed. Vol. 11. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 7681. Gale World History in Context. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.
Nigro, Dana. “Of reincarnation and nirvana: the endless cycle of Buddhist life.” Meetings & Conventions Feb. 1995:136. General OneFile. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.
Smart, Ninian. “Reincarnation.” Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Ed. Donald M. Borchert. 2nd ed. Vol. 8. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2006. 331-333. Gale World History In Context. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.
“Transmigration of souls.” The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Columbia University Press, 2000. Reproduced in Kids InfoBits. Detroit: Gale 2012. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/KidsInfoBits
Hayes, Richard P. “Nirvna.” Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Ed. Donald M. Borchert. 2nd ed. Vol. 6. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2006. 620-622. Gale World History In Context. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.
Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor., Anthony Esler, and Burton F. Beers. "Hinduism and Buddhism." Prentice Hall World History: Connections to Today. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. N. pag. Print. "Buddhism." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. Buddhism's Impact on Society Buddhism has impacted society throughout the world in positive ways
Helps poor people; more wealthy followers of Buddhism give significant amounts of money because it gives them good karma
Rich donate land and estates to Buddhists which allowed Buddhists facilities to be made, gained revenues which were used as funds for poor
Poor gained medical treatments which improved the quality of life
Brought together Chinese societies
monks held public conferences in which both upper and lower class people conversed in one area together
allowed for poor to have a say in politics
Allowed for adaptability, meaning people didn't have to abandon previous beliefs and practices Buddhist Flag Used to symbolize Buddhism worldwide
Blue: Peace and compassion
Yellow: avoiding extremes
White: Dharma- liberation outside of time and space
Orange: Buddha's teaching in widsom
Red: Virtue, fortune, and dignity Core Beliefs Karma:
Rebirth is determined by previous actions
Birth and death is nothing more than sudden interruptions or something new in the life cycle process
5 classes of living beings a person can be reborn into: human beings, god, hungry ghost, denizens of hell, or animals
The idea of karma is that evil actions produce suffering and good actions have a good outcome
Karma provides a solution to evil because it explains the suffering people faced from what they did in their lives before
The more the good karma a person gets, the happier the person would be
The more the bad karma a person gets, the person would be unhappy and bad influences will worsen
Buddhist followers go through nirvana to end the cycle of rebirth
Buddhist monks and nuns are the only ones capable of understanding reincarnation and abandoning all their desires
Two stages in nirvana: wiping out the cause of rebirth and ending the cycle of rebirth
Reincarnation occurs in a continuous cycle which causes pain in every kind of life form
Buddhists believe that the root cause of reincarnation is the desire to keep living
Nirvana eliminates the delusions of wanting to live again which can be achieved by understanding living and existence (enlightenment)
Nirvana is achieved when 10 obstacles are eliminated
When nirvana is achieved, the person is then called an “Arhant” which means “A person worthy for admiration”
Arhants were required to achieve nirvana without any instructions because Buddha had done the same
Nirvana is a permanent achievement and two possibilities can be made: nirvana means nothing so it cant be anything or all things are conditioned with the universal rule
Those who obtained nirvana have to dedicate themselves to help others achieve nirvana http://www.zimbio.com/ People lighting incense at Buddhist temple www.apagemedia.com Sangha Day Enlightenment http://4.bp.blogspot.com Picture depicts Siddhartha Gautama sitting under the Bodhi tree and meditating
The light shows that he has achieved enlightenment by eliminating the ignorance that kept others in the cycle of rebirth
Achieved the status of Buddha Celebrates the honor of the Buddhist community and the ideal creating of a spiritual community
Gives Buddhists a chance to reaffirm their commitment to Buddism's practices and traditions
Sangha is the term for the Buddhist spiritual community
2nd most important festival
Commemorates the gathering of 1,250 monks listening to Buddha's first recitation of Patimokkha
Celebrations include chanting, meditaion, and lighting of oil lamps http://www.chakranews.com/ Buddha's 1st recitation of Patimokkha