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Paleolithic Era

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by

Ian Werrett

on 6 September 2016

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Transcript of Paleolithic Era

40,000 BP
30,000 BP
10,000 BP
50,000 BP
20,000 BP
Upper Paleolithic Period
(40,000-10,000)

Chauvet-Pont-d'-Arc
Discovered -
Dec 18, 1994 by Jean-Marie Chauvet, Éliette Brunel, and Christian Hillaire, amateur speleologists;
Location -
Vallon-Pont-d'-Arc, France (Rhone-Alpes region)
Dating -
32,000 BP
Significance -
Second or third oldest (best preserved) figurative parietal art (cave paintings) in the world;
Type -
Hand stencils, painted animals, carved animals, abstract imagery, ritual altar (?), fertility symbol (?)
Maros-Pangkep
Discovery
- 1857 by Alfred Wallace explorer/naturalist;
Location -
Sulawesi, Indonesia
Dating -
39,900 BP - 25,000 BP
Significance -
Oldest negative hand print in world
Type -
Hand prints, animals,
El Castillo
Discovered -
1903 - Archaeologist Hermilio Alcalde del Rio;
Location -
Puente Visego, Spain;
Dating -
40,800 BP (red disk) - 37,300 BP (hand print);
Significance -
Oldest parietal art in the world;
Type -
Abstract signs, an animal (bison), and hand stencils
Altamira
Pech-Merle
Lascaux
Niaux
Lion Man of Hohlenstein
Discovered
- 1939 - Archaeologist Robert Wetzel;
Location -
Stadel Hohle - Swabian Alb, Germany
Dating -
38,000 BP
Significance -
Oldest undisputed therianthrope carving
Type -
Mobility art - Flint carving on mammoth ivory
Venus of Hohle Fels
Discovered -
2008 archaeologist Nicholas J. Conard;
Location -
near Schelklingen, Germany;
Dating -
39,000;
Significance -
Oldest undisputed human figurative art;
Type -
Flint carving on mammoth tusk
Hohle Fels Flute
Discovered -
2008 archaeologist Nicholas J. Conard;
Location -
near Schelklingen, Germany;
Dating -
35,000 BP;
Significance -
Oldest undisputed bone flute;
Type -
Flint carving of vulture's wing bone
Figure 1: Images of figurines and their geographic origins. Images are shown in the same (random) order and numbered, as they were for the questionnaire study. (1) Willendorf’s Venus (Rhine/Danube), (2) Lespugue Venus (Pyrenees/Aquitaine), (3) Laussel Venus (Pyrenees/Aquitaine), (4) Dolní Věstonice Venus (Rhine/Danube), (5) Gagarino no. 4 Venus (Russia), (6) Moravany Venus (Rhine/Danube), (7) Kostenki 1. Statuette no. 3 (Russia), (8) Grimaldi nVenus (Italy), (9) Chiozza di Scandiano Venus (Italy), (10) Petrkovice Venus (Rhine/Danube), (11) Modern sculpture (N. America), (12) Eleesivitchi Venus (Russia); (13) Savignano Venus (Italy), (14) The so-called “Brassempouy Venus” (Pyrenees/Aquitaine), (15) Hohle Fels Venus (SW Germany).
Venus of Laussel 25,000 BP
Upper Paleolithic Venus Figures
Upper Paleolithic Anthropomorphic Figures
Ain Sakri Lovers - 11,000 BP
The Shigir Idol - 9,500 BP
Fish Gods of Lepenski Vir 9,000 BP
Thinker of Cernavoda - 7,000 BP
Steatopygous Female Figure Cycladic - 6500 BP
Dancing Girl of Mohenjo Daro - 4500 BP
Vogelherd Cave Mammoth
Discovered -
2008 archaeologist Nicholas J. Conard;
Location -
near Schelklingen, Germany;
Dating -
38,000 BP;
Significance -
One of the oldest animal figures;
Type -
Flint carving on mammoth tusk
Vogelherd Bear - 38,000 BP
Vogelherd Lion - 38,000 BP
Vogelherd Horse - 38,000 BP
Hohle Fels Duck - 38,000 BP
Discovered -
12 September 1940, Marcel Ravidat;
Location -
Montignac, Dordogne, France;
Dating -
17,300 BP;
Significance -
One of the most dynamic, vibrant and artistic collection of cave paintings;
Type -
Hundreds of animals (horses, bulls, cows, deer)
Discovered - 1879, daughter of archaeologist Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola (Maria 9 yr old);
Location - Santillana del Mar, Cantabria, Spain;
Dating - 22,000 BP - 13,000 BP;
Significance - First of the paleolithic parietal art caves found
Type - Animals and Birdmen
Discovered -
1922, teenagers Andre David and Henri Dutertre;
Location -
Cabrerets, Midi-Pyrenees region, France;
Dating -
22,000 - 25,000 BP;
Significance -

Type - Paintings, reliefs, hand-prints, dots, human figures
Avdeevo, Russia 20,000 BP
Avdeevo, Russia 20,000 BP
Sorcerer/Therianthrope Images
Les Trois Freres
Gabillou
Les Trois Freres - Engraving
Chauvet
Fumane
All located in the deepest, most inaccessible parts of the cave. No natural light. Shaman (?), Sorcercer (?), God of animals (?),
Trois Freres, Gabillou, Chauvet (France), Fumane (Italy)
Cueva de Los Casares
Likeness Recognition/Iconic Congruence/Relief Sculptures
Coliboaia Cave, Romania, c. 35,000 BP
Angoulême, France, 23,000 BP
Grotte d’Audoubert, France, 14,000 BP
Roc de Sers, France, 18,000 BP
Abri d'Poison, France, 25,000 BP
Roc aux Sorciers, France, 18,000 BP
Discovered - 1933;
Location - Riba de Saelices in Guadalajara, Spain;
Dating - 18,000 BP;
Significance - Oldest parietal images of coitus;
Type - Carvings
Roc de Sers, France, 18,000 BP
Discovered - 1864
Location - Ariège, France;
Dating - 14,000 - 12,000 BP;
Significance - One of the last examples of parietal art;
Type - Charcoal and ochre murals - bison and horses
Gargas
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