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CELTA 2014 - Time, Tense & Aspect

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by

Richard Thompson

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of CELTA 2014 - Time, Tense & Aspect

Time, Tense, Aspect
By the end of this session we will:

Have explored the relationship between time, tense and aspect.

Know what the above sentence means

Be better able to think critically about grammar

Be better able to highlight the meaning and form of grammar structures to students
a) There are three tenses in English.

b) The past tense only refers to past time.

c) ‘Progressive’ is an aspect, not a tense.

d) Perfect verb forms always refer to past time in some way.

e) The present simple tense can refer to past time.

f) The ‘present continuous tense’ (present tense, progressive aspect) can only refer to present time.

g) Progressive verb forms are used to emphasize duration.

h) The perfect aspect often shows some kind of connection between time zones.
Adapted from Teacher Training Essentials by Craig Thaine, 2010 CUP ©
1. What two tenses are there in English?

2. What two aspects are there in English?

3. What two voices are there in English?

1. The bus departs tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock for Lake Como.

2. They come from Thailand.

3. I get up every morning at about six.

4. I got up from the table and suddenly my head starts spinning.

5. We live in the very centre of town.

6. It was like this – he just comes up to me and asks me for a hundred pounds!

7. The mail always arrives at this time every day.

8. Frank arrives later on this evening.


Look at the following examples. What do they have in common?


1. I’m staying at Alison’s place until I move into my new flat.

2. I’ve been working on my assignment this afternoon.

3. Stop making all that noise – I’m watching the news!

4. Whenever I see him, he’s always standing outside smoking a cigarette.

Adapted from Teacher Training Essentials by Craig Thaine, 2010 CUP ©
Adapted from Teacher Training Essentials by Craig Thaine, 2010 CUP ©
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