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Spanish Mustangs, Heart of the West

power point on the Spanish Mustang Breed and History
by

Brittany Brown

on 24 July 2013

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Transcript of Spanish Mustangs, Heart of the West

Spanish Mustangs Heart of The West
Spanish Mustangs are the decedents of the horses the Conquistadors rode
The Spanish Mustang helped shape the USA as we know it. Descended from the horses of the Conquistadors, Indian buffalo hunters and war pony's, cavalry mounts and Pony Express Pony's to wild horse of the West, this breed has a rich and illustrious history that forms an important part of our American Heritage
The Spanish Mustang's History
The true Spanish Mustang is a direct descendant of the horses brought to the New World by the early Spaniards. Confused by many with the feral horses currently managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), there is a vast difference in both appearance and ancestry.
Columbus, on order of the Spanish throne, commenced bringing the first Spanish horses to the New World on his second voyage. Thereafter, each ship headed for the New World, by order of the Crown, carried breeding animals of choice Spanish stock, cattle, sheep, horses, etc. Breeding farms were set up in the Caribbean and subsequently in Mexico. Breeding farms such as the one operated in Sonora, Mexico by Padre Eusebio Kino, a Jesuit priest, produced stock, including horses, which were placed with each group of Christianized Indians as Kino expanded his efforts further and further north.
The Apaches, never falling under the spell of the Church, ravaged and pillaged these little "visitas", taking stock at will. They also plundered deep into Mexico - allegedly as far south as Mexico City. Their goal - well bred and trained Spanish horses from the Mexican estancias.

Through trade of these valuable horses northward to other tribes the Apaches became one of the primary methods of spreading the Spanish horses over the west. Over the years horses escaped, were lost or stolen and many became feral, roaming all over the west. Eventually they numbered in the hundreds of thousands, closely related to the horses maintained by some of the Indian tribes, indeed, they were basically the same horses.
Considered the finest horses in the known world at the time of the conquest of the New World, the Spanish horse left a legacy in its tough, beautiful, hardy descendants that endures to this day.
The Spanish Mustang then and now
Environmental conditions must certainly have played a role in the development of these horses over the many generations in a feral state. The feral spanish Mustangs developed according to their environment with Nature culling out those less suited to the locale. Though the Spanish Horse was not a feral animal when it arrived on American soil, once turned loose it managed not only to survive but to thrive in the New World, which attests to the versatility and strength of the breed. Genetic imperfections, if any, were culled by the most critical judge of all - Nature.
The end result is an extremely hardy and sturdy horse exhibiting the aptitude to perform in almost any equine field and perform well. The staying power and endurance of these Spanish descendants is legendary.
Modern Achievements

The modern Spanish Mustang has lost none of the traits found in those horses of yesteryear. Today's Spanish Mustangs retain their stamina and ability to travel long distances without undue stress. For example...
In 1989 Kim Kingsley, riding a grandson of Yellow Fox, was awarded the coveted Jim Jones Award in sanctioned AERC endurance riding for 1550 miles in one season in 50 and 100 mile rides. Chief Yellow Fox carried approximately 250 pounds the entire season. Chief Half Moon, another stallion owned by Kingsley, was second nationally with 1250 endurance miles.
Martha Gresham of Auburn, Alabama, riding Cholla Bay, accumulated 1000 miles a year in AERC's sanctioned endurance rides for three consecutive years.

Anne-Marie Pinter of California, on her gelding Montana, competed in and finished the Tevis twice, once when Montana was 11, once when he was 19.

The Spanish Mustang is a using horse and is versatile and well equipped to compete in varied fields. At present there are horses competing in team penning, dressage, jumping, competitive trail, showing and gymkhana.
The Spanish Mustang is not to be confused with the BLM Mustang!
The Spanish Mustang is a smooth muscled horse with a short back, rounded rump and low tail set. Coupling is smooth and the overall appearance is of a balanced, well built horse. The girth is deep, with a laid back shoulder and fairly pronounced withers. Consistency in type is important and the Spanish mustang should be immediately discernible upon sight by anyone familiar with the breed. The build of the Spanish Mustang ranges from a heavier type to lighter type without extremes. Heavily defined muscling and height in excess of 15 hands is atypical and should be faulted. The Spanish Mustang should give the appearance of a natural collection whether in hand or under saddle.
Spanish Mustangs Are the Original Horse of Many Colors
The spanish mustangs come in all the possible colors and combinations. From Black to White to every color in between. here are some pictures from the registry website...
this is Cayuse Smoke he is, obviously, black.
This is Chocolate Lady and she is Chestnut Otherwise know as Sorrel
This is Cayuse Lady and she is the more common Bay
This is Troubleshooter and he is an Appaloosa
Dancing Fever is a Bay Dun
Eliza Jane is a Palomino

Yellow Rose is a lovely example of the buckskin
coloration
Canyon Rim Charley is a grey
Blueberry is a black roan and a Classic Roan

Painted Keepsake is a Frame Overo
Sequoya is what's called
Blue.
interestingly enough, he is one of my mares' ancestors
MP Scooter is a Medicine Hat

and so is my mare
Chato's Shadow is a Brindle
for more information on their colors and the descriptions for each go to
http://www.spanishmustang.org/page/colours.htm
For more information please visit the Spanish mustang registry website. http://www.spanishmustang.org/
For More Information please go to the
Spanish mustang Registry website
http://www.spanishmustang.org/
Full transcript