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Transcript of Yanomami Tribe
Hunt, fish, garden, gather
Depend heavily on the resources provided by the rain forest
Trekking Hunting Main source of dietary protein
The men hunt giant anteaters, tapirs, armadillos, monkeys, wild boars, alligators, rodents, and birds
Men never eat the game they have killed Fishing Men, women and children all learn to fish
Archery methods and stream poisoning used Game from rain forest still dietary form of protein Gathering Important resources exploited: grubs, frogs, land crabs, caterpillars, palm fruits, Brazil nuts, palm heart, cashew fruit, and honey
The Yanomami are able to gather and harvest 15 different types of honey Gardening Yanonami are known for their “slash-and-burn” horticultural techniques
Women are mainly in charge of cultivating the gardens
Crops include sweet potatoes, plantains, sugar cane, mangoes, cassava Languages Yanomae
Ninam Shamanism Leadership by the Shaman of the community
They access spirits of nature by hallucinogenic drugs Marriage Bilateral Cross Cousin Marriage
Mother's brother's children and father's sister's children
Polygyny Violence Women
Male to male
Communal Feuds Language There are many names, but one of the main names for the Yanomami language is Xirinia. Since the Yanomami’s were discovered in 1929, the language could go back as far as the tribe was first formed.
With different parts of the villages, there are differentiations in the language are present, but they can still understand each other and communicate. Music Material wise, there are no known instruments that are original to the Yanomami people
Around the 70s, the Venezuelan villages around the Yanomami area introduced them to some instruments, such as the flute
Though instruments were introduced, Yanomami people have always used their voices to make music, and that is still their main source of sound Usage of a Song Since their religion is Shamanism, one of the ways they feel they can use songs is when they are communicating with the spirits.
The shabori is one of three main leaders of worship in the village, and he is the one who sings to the spirits.
For example, when people have illnesses (which are all believed to be caused by demonic spirits), he has specific songs that are used to try to rid the illness out of the “infected” person Healing from a Song There are different spirits for each illness, so the shabori has to be able to find the right one with the song that he sings. If he does not reach the right one, then he is not a powerful enough shaman.
Singing is also used to regain the soul of a person.
Soul loss is considered an illness, and singing is used when the shabori enters an ecstasy type of place where he contacts the spirit who has the lost soul Main Songs There are four main songs that are sung by the Yanomami while they are practicing shamanism.
Okama-hadike: sung at night to exorcise any spirits that need to leave the people.
Haasulu-basu: to prepare their bodies to be fed with certain spirits.
Kalide: reveals what is wrong with the soul of the person receiving the spirit, and the song starts filling the person with microorganisms of the spirit they need
Huudumuilibe: which is used accompanied with drugs to ask the main spirit in heaven if they can become complete with the most divine spirit. Hunting Three Types of Hunting
Rami – One day hunt; Twice a week
Heniyomou – Communal; 5 days
Wayumi – Several Weeks ; Entire Community Home of the Yanomami The Yanomami dwelling is referred to as a shabano
The structure is round with a large opening in the center
The entire community dwells here
Bedding (Hammocks) are tied up between the framework Tools of the Trade Tools of the Trade Include
Bow and Arrows
Modern & Archaic Containers
Tools are Multi-purposed Clothing is similar for both sexes
“arrow canes” are used for piercings
Face paint has practical uses
Birds feathers are also used as headdresses Face Paint & Clothing Cultural beliefs When a person passes away, their soul has not been fully released
Ritualistic ceremony to free soul
The bones are then ground into a powder to be mixed with the ashes from the body.
This mixture is then often added into plantain soup and eaten by the members of the community. Location Cultural Beliefs Fierce men were born from the blood of the moon
Women born from his left leg
Feminine men from his right leg History No written history
History of the people is passed down by oral communication