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Nonfiction Text Structures

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by

Marilyn Yung

on 3 March 2013

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Transcript of Nonfiction Text Structures

What are they? Non-Fiction
Text Structures Text structure is the style an author uses
to organize their writing. 1. Description Description Text Structure
Signal Words Again... why do we care how an author organizes their writing? The 5 Most Common
Text Structures 1. Description
2. Sequence
3. Problem-Solution
4. Cause-Effect
5. Compare-Contrast Author explains a topic, idea, person, place or thing by listing characteristics, features, and examples.
The focus is on one thing or subject and its components. For example Because being aware of how the writing is organized helps us to understand it. (We will learn them in this order.) Characteristics are... ...such as... ...looks like... ...consists of... For instance, The most important... 2. Sequence 1. Author lists items or events in numerical or chronological (time) order.
OR
2. Author describes the order of events or how to do or make something. So... there are two types of sequence structures. But they each tell the order in which something happened or happens. Sequence Signal Words First, Second, Third Next Then, Before, Meanwhile, Finally, In the end, Simultaneously, Following, In 1776, Then in 2001, 3. Problem-Solution Author states a problem and lists one or more possible solutions to the problem. 4. Cause-Effect The author lists one or more causes or events and the resulting consequences or effects. Problem-Solution Signal Words Because... Therefore, The problem is... since This led to... One solution would be... answer solved dilemma 5. Compare-Contrast The author explains how two or more things are alike and/or how they are different. Effect = What happened?
Cause = What made it happen? Cause-Effect Signal Words The reasons why... influenced by result outcome Reasons for... Since in order to... impact effects of leads to... Compare-Contrast Signal Words similar to In contrast, both neither On the other hand, either "est" words: best, fewest, tallest not only as well as alike Being aware of text struucture is really all about monitoring how well you are "getting" what you are reading. Being aware of how text is organized
can help you understand it better. Plot is to fiction as
text structure is to nonfiction. ...how they organize the facts and info needed to write their article, book, etc.
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