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Literary Appreciation Skills

for teaching reading class
by

John Paul Mendoza Bautista

on 8 August 2014

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Transcript of Literary Appreciation Skills

Literary Appreciation Skills
Verses for Children
Teaching Literature to Children
Poetry for Children
Fables
Legends
Drama
Literary Appreciation Skills
Story-telling
Choral Reading
Reading is taught to children to enable them to learn not only in the content fields but also for them to enjoy literature.
the ultimate goal of reading is to
"lead children enjoy literature"
.
Teaching literature to children contributes to the development of their creative talents such as:

•write for themselves
•build vocabulary to express themselves better
•develop sensitivity so sights, sounds, words, life problems and people
•increase their knowledge, outlooks and interests.
These include:

1. verbalizing emotional response
2. identify characters
3. identifying sensory expressions
4. understanding figurative language
5. identify tone and mood
6. enjoying humor
7. appreciating poetry/prose works
Some teaching strategies to gain literary appreciation skills and develop creativity in pupils:
1. Listening / Speaking
2. Oral interpretation
3. Dramatization
4. Reading / Writing
5. Art
Teaching literature to children through verses gives them training on how to listen, being conscious of rhyming words, and developing in them the love for reading literature.
One tall midget reached up high,
Touched the ground above the sky,
Tied his loafers, licked his tongue,
And told about the bee he stung.
He painted, then, an oval square
The color of the bald man's hair,
And in the painting you could hear
What's undetected by the ear.
How doth the little crocodile
Improve his shining tail,
And pour the waters of the Nile
On every golden scale!

How cheerfully he seems to grin,
How neatly spreads his claws,
And welcomes little fishes in,
With gently smiling jaws!
Poetry is an aesthetic expression of thought and emotion in rhythmical language. It can be compared to a musical scoring that must be interpreted by singing. To get the fullest enjoyment, "poems should be read orally".
The qualities of poetry are:
1. Poetry has a musical and rhythmical qualities that children enjoy.
2. Poetry appeals to the imagination.
3. The emotional content of the poetry must be sincere, worth expressing, and must be universal in appeal.
4. Subjects of poetry for children must be varied.

An Autumn Greeting

"Come," said the Wind to the Leaves one day.
"Come over the meadow and we will play.
Put on your dresses of red and gold.
For summer is gone and the days grow cold."
a fable is a short tale in which the chief characters are animals and sometimes inanimate objects that act and talk like human beings.
a fable must always point a moral.
Often the theme or moral appears at the end of the story.
a legend is a narrative that is partly true and partly imaginary about a particular person, event, place or natural feature.
it is a form os story and wonders handed down from generation to generation though they are not authenticated by accepted proof.
Legends have values in children's literature:

1. it deals with historical backgrounds. They awaken the national consciousness of children.
2. it develops vivid and fantastic imagination.
3. it help acquaint with children with the cultural heritage of the country
4. it also gives pleasure and enjoyment to children.
Long time ago, there was a couple in Barangay Masagana (Pampanga today) who wanted a daughter. Their wish was granted and the wife gave birth to a baby girl. They called her Maria. Maria was very beautiful but very shy that she wouldn't go out from their house.

Weeks later, Spaniards came to their town. The Spaniards were very cruel that they get everything they wanted. They rob houses and kill everyone who gets in their way and who refuses to give what they wanted.

The couple was very frightened to lose their daughter so, they hid Maria in the bushes so the Spaniards couldn't find her.

After the Spaniards left their town, the couple tried to look for Maria but they couldn't find her even in the bushes where they hid her, instead they found a little plant that is very sensitive that when you touch it, it would immediately close.

So they thought it was their daughter, Maria. They called the plant "Makahiya" that means "touch me not," like their daughter who was very shy.
Steps in story-telling:

1. selection of good story tell
2. preparation of the story
3. practice telling the story aloud by yourself
4. announce the story informally
5. show the pictures of certain characters in the story
6. at the end of the story, do not give the question:
"do you like the story?"

suggestions for reading:

1. poems which are universal in tone
2. poems which vary in mood, content and type
3. poems that are lyrical and narrative
4. poems that are rich in auditory image
5. poems with marked rhythm
6. poems that can be used with three voices
1.
High voice
- fun, happiness or brightness
2.
Low voice
- mystery, terror, solemnity
3.
Medium voice
- narrative, or introducing the characters and for giving explanation
Research reinforces the notions of a positive relationship between action-centered experiences with drama and learning to read.
Dramatization of literature has many values:

1. to encourage the interest in and motivation for reading.
2. to expand vocabulary.
3. to encourage the development of critical reading skills and comprehension.
4. to encourage guided, extended reading.
5. to encourage lifetime readers.
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