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Copy of Reform Movements

Reform Movements of 1800's in United States
by

JaDorian Tate

on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Reform Movements

United States Reform Movements of 1800's
Women's Movement
Mentally Disabled
Abolition
Temperance Movement
In 1800's women were considered property of their husbands.
There job was to
run the house, farm or plantation
Make the clothes
educate the children
Leaders of the movement
-
Lucretia Mott, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton

organized the Seneca Falls Convention to further women's rights
wrote the
Declaration of Sentiments
based on the Declaration of Independence
it listed the grievances and goals of the women's suffrage movement
movement to get rid of alcohol from America
led by women's groups who were also working to further women's rights
thought alcohol was ruining their husbands and their families
Movement to
abolish
(get rid of) slavery
Sojourner Truth was a freed slave who worked on the abolitionist movement
Harriet Tubman was an escaped slave who led slaves to freedom in the underground railroad
Frederick Douglas escaped slavery and wrote Narrative of his life as a slave
Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin. In this book she detailed how bad life was for a slave.
Factory work was unsafe.
Workers wanted shorter hours and higher wages.
Labor union
: group of workers who band together to seek better working conditions
Strike
: stopping work to demand better conditions
In 1835 and 1836, 140 strikes took place.
Panic of 1837 brought hard times = scarce jobs
1840: President Martin Van Buren ordered a 10 hour work day for government workers
Workers' Rights Reform
Origin of Reforms
Second Great Awakening
Renewal of religious faith in 1790s and early 1800s
Anyone could choose salvation
Revivals spread across the frontier
Making life better for others becomes a religious duty for many people
Horace Mann- Father of education
believed that a good education would help poor to have an equal chance at success in life
separated classrooms by level
longer school years
wider curriculum
Public Education
Dorothea Dix worked to improve the conditions of prisoners and the mentally ill
William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist who created the Anti- Slavery Newspaper the Liberator
Before 1800, American writers and artists modeled their work on European styles.

They used formal language and referred to Greek and Roman myths.
However, by the mid-1800s, American writers and artists had begun to develop styles that reflected American optimism and energy.

Their work explored subjects that were uniquely American.
By the early 1800s, a new artistic movement called Romanticism took shape in Europe.
Romantics emphasized the importance of nature, emotions, and imagination.
A small but influential group of writers and thinkers in New England developed an
American form of Romanticism.
This movement was called
transcendentalism,
and its goal was to transcend human reason.

Transcendentalists argued that humans should pursue a close link with nature and live simply.
A leading Transcendentalist was
Henry David Thoreau
. He published the Walden, which
encouraged Americans to live a simple life.

He
believed that people must judge right and wrong for themselves, not society.

He encouraged civil disobedience
and once spent a night in jail for refusing to pay taxes that he felt supported slavery.

Thoreau’s ideas about
civil disobedience and nonviolent protest influenced
later leaders like
Martin Luther King, Jr
.
Thomas Cole and other painters of this school sought to
stir emotions with the beauty of nature
.
After 1820, American artists turned away from European themes and focused on American landscapes.

The

Hudson River School

was a group of

artists who painted scenes of the Hudson River Valley.
Full transcript