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Figurative Language 101 (7th/8th Grade Language Arts)
Transcript of Figurative Language 101 (7th/8th Grade Language Arts)
ELACC7RL4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.
ELACC8RL4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts. Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation. When a writer uses literal language, he or she is simply stating the facts as they are. Figurative language, in comparison, uses exaggerations or alterations to make a particular linguistic point. What exactly is figurative language?! A simile uses the words “like” or “as”
to compare one object or idea with another to suggest they are alike. Simile Comparing two unlike things by using one kind of object or using it in place of another to suggest the likeness between them. Metaphor A figure of speech in which human characteristics are given
to an animal, an object, or abstract quality. Personification An exaggeration that is so dramatic that no one would believe the statement is true that is used for emphasis or effect. Hyperbole The use of a word to describe or imitate a natural sound or the sound made by an object or an action. Onomatopoeia Want more practice? Check these links out for more information! Example: Opportunity knocked at the door. Example: Happy as a clam. Example: The teacher planted seeds of wisdom. **Note: This video contains similes and metaphors, but it's still a great video for connecting modern music to figurative language! Examples: Splash, buzz, snap, crackle. Example: I've seen this movie about
a million times! Clichés A cliché is an expression that has been used so often that it has become trite and sometimes boring. Example: Needle in a haystack. http://www.spellingcity.com/worksheets/figurative_language/Similes-MS-WhichWordSentences.pdf http://www.spellingcity.com/worksheets/figurative_language/Personification-MS-SentenceUnscramble.pdf http://www.spellingcity.com/worksheets/figurative_language/Metaphors-MS-SentenceUnscramble.pdf http://www.spellingcity.com/worksheets/figurative_language/Hyperbole-MS-MatchItSentences.pdf Is a phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words. Idioms are also considered to be the language peculiar to a people or to a district, community, or class. Idiom Example: You are what you eat. The repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables. Alliteration Example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers... A resemblance of sound in words or syllables. Assonance Example: Zeke was the
the geek of the week.