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Transcript of agricultural project
By Brittany Doherty, Meagan Hodges, Luke Connolly
As seen in the agricultural industry, unregulated monopolies limit market opportunities and decrease quality of life for the majority.
The Decline in Standard of Living
Harsh Life of Workers
More than 90 percent of agriculture subsidies go to farmers of five crops — wheat, corn, soybeans, rice, and cotton
Big business farms also sell selective species of crops and produce for greater profit
There are 35 recognized species of apples
less then one half are sold in super markets
Tomatoes and other soft fruits like peaches are genetically modified to withstand shipping
Instead of crop rotation, same crop is grown year round leading to erosion/weed growth
As a result of profit motivation big business farms choose to specialize only in subsidized crops consequently decreasing the variety of crops being produced.
Limited Market Opportunities
What Can Be Done?
-Buying food locally at farmer's markets
-Food at farmer's markets are fresh and not highly processed like at supermarkets
-Know where your food is coming from
-Support local farmers
-reduce environmental damage
farms owned by families, usually passed down from generation to generation. This does not necessarily mean a small farm- so long as the owners are considered a family.
Business based on agriculture and the actions of the corporations involved.
Industrialized production of fish, poultry and crops.
Factory Farms: type of industrial farming involving raising large amounts of livestock in confinement
The Organic Movement
-In recent years, more people have wanted to purchase and eat organically(not grown w/ pesticides, chemical fertilizers or containing additives) grown foods.
-However many popular organic brands are owned by larger companies
-Buying organic food locally means money goes to family farms not industrial farming businesses
-No connection with land
-change in agriculture from family/community based to only seen as a way to make money
-no regard for consequences
"And it came that the owners no longer worked on their farms. they farmed on paper; they forgot the land, the smell, the feel of it, and remembered only that they owned it, remembered only what they gained and lost by it."(256)
-Find out where your food comes from
-Where it was grown, grown with, treatment of animals, organic or not
-Try growing a garden
Toews, Jacob C. "The Disappearing Family Farm." The Disappearing Family Farm. The Real Truth, 10 June 2010. Web. 28 Jan. 2013.
"Beyond Factory Farming." Industrial vs. Family Farms Comparison. Beyond Factory Farming, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2013.
"10 Ways You Can Help Fight Factory Farms." ASPCA. ASPCA, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2013.
"FarmAid." Family Farmers, Good Food, A Better America-Farm Aid. Farm Aid, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2013.
"The CHIPOTLE CULTIVATE Foundation - Dedicated to Creating a Sustainable, Healthful and Equitable Food Future." Family Farms / Issues / the Chipotle Cultivate Foundation. Chipotle Cultivate Foundation, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2013.
"But let a man get property he doesn't see. . .why, then the property is the man, He can't do what he wants...The property is the man, stronger than he is...Only his possessions are big-and he's the servant of his property."(39)
-property more important than anything else
-lose of control
-Participate in benefit programs like FarmAid, concert to raise funds and awareness for family farms
-Sign petitions to have food with genetically engineered ingredients labelled, ensure farms are better prepared for droughts and more
-As more people are forced off of family farms that land goes to industrial farms
-Corporate farms cause family farms to go out of business by mass producing food at a lower prices than small farms can
-Done by using chemicals, genetic engineering+ mistreatment of animals
Times May Change.
But the Burden Always Seems to Fall Upon the Same Shoulders.
Image Sources for collage photos: http://www.loansafe.org/
So the system harms economic opportunity, but how does that translate towards affecting the individual?
Regardless of all else, all humans depend on nature
Factory Farms produce enormous animal waste and pollution
Crops not grown Organically harm land w/ chemical & pesticides
Lack of variety leaves us more susceptible to natural disasters.
As we've seen in class, migrant farm workers have a rough life:
Higher Death Rate than other industries
Live in Shacks, often w/o utilities
Often lack health benefits, disability pay, chances of vacation
100,000 child workers AT LEAST
They don't get educated as well, leads into poverty
Wages too low to live on- Averaging 10,000 annually
Breaking it Down:
So in today's modern system, our workers face damage and exploitation as the owners reap huge profits
"And the owners not only did not work the farmers anymore. many of them had never seen the farms they owned."(256)
Breaking it Down
nature of these corporations has made
the environment a
part of their competition
Corporate farms are not the only ones to blames
Supper markets such as Shaws and stop and shop displays cause wasted fruit
sell by dates often cause early disposal
over 10,000 lbs of food is discarded annually by supermarkets
"If you try to pass pollution standards, the industry complains that they're already too heavily regulated. They claim that if you force them to reduce how much they pollute, they're not going to be able to operate." ~Time Magazine
"Agricultural work is among the most dangerous occupations, with injuries and illness disabling farmworkers at a rate three times that of the general population. In California, the average death rate for farmworkers is five times that of workers in other industries."
"A man may stand to use a scythe, a plow, a pitchfork; but he must crawl like a bug between the rows of lettuce, he must bend his back and pull his long bag between the cotton rows, he must go on his knees like a penitent across a cauliflower patch."
-dehumanization of workers
"And at last the owner men came to a point. The tenant system won't work anymore. One man on a tractor can take the place of twelve or fourteen families." (34)
"then the grapes we cant make good wine. People cant buy good wine. Rip the grapes from the vines, good grapes rotten grapes, wasp stung grapes. Press stems press down and rot"
"children dying of pellagra must die because a profit cannot be taken from an orange"
"the smell of the ferment is not the rich ouder of wine but the smell of decay and chemicals"
"as time went on there were fewer farms. The little farms moved into town for awhile and exhausted their credit, exhausted their friends, their relatives and they to went on the highways. And the roads were crowded with men ravenous for work murderous for work"
Workers in Grapes
In Grapes, workers face conditions that continually degrade
Companies assign more dehumanizing jobs, create harsher conditions
What was Steinbeck Trying to Say
Steinbeck wanted to draw attention to life of workers vs. owners, as well as harsh life in general.
Shameless exploitation of the workers, just another tool to owners
What was Steinbeck saying about the Environment
There's now a method w/ higher reward but harms environment
As a result, living close w/ environment and individual care is no longer viable.
Looking at 2 main ways:
Through the environment
Through Workers' Conditions
All humans live in the same world. Such a system harms us all.