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John Dewey, My Pedagogic Creed
Transcript of John Dewey, My Pedagogic Creed
John Dewey In case you don't know John Dewey... American Pragmatist
PhD from Johns Hopkins University,
Maryland in 1884
Outspoken on education, domestic and international politics Credit
http://dewey.pragmatism.org Article I. What Education Is
Article II. What The School Is
Article III. The Subject Matter of Education
Article IV. The Nature of Method
Article V. The School and Social Process "My Pedagogic Creed" Publications
Honors and Academic Awards About Dewey's Achievements Dewey John What Education Is...
-true education comes from social situations
-two sides: psychological and Social
-Importance of child's capacities, interests, habits "My Pedagogic Creed" Pedagogy: philosophy and beliefs about teaching -Process of living, not just preparation
-gradual growth from home life, go into more depth
-teacher as a facilitator, not just lecturer
-importance of exams What School is.. Other Important Points -all subjects must provide relevance to life
-"development of new attitudes towards, and new interests in, experience.
-training child's power of imagery
-Teacher's must be mindful of what the student is interested in John Dewey believed that there were two sides of education: the psychological and the social. His philosophy fell under a idea called Constructivism, which emphasizes the active role of the learner to build understanding and make sense of information.
He is not alone in this, for Vygotsky and Piaget theories and philosophies also fell under Constructivism.
In fact, some educational and developmental psychologist called Piaget's theory the First Wave of Constructivism and Vygotsky's theory the Second Wave of Constructivism. This reading Corresponds with Cluster 9, Module 24:
Constructivist Views on Learning. The psychological aspect of John Dewey's ideas can best be explained through Psychological (individual or cognitive) Constructivism. is included in many theories because those theories embrace the idea that individuals construct their own cognitive structures. This is the First Wave of Constructivism (Piaget's Theory).
The social aspect of Dewey's ideas can be best explained through Social Constructivism (Vygotsky's Social Constructivism). This is the main focus for Dewey when he explains education.
Vygotsky emphasized that social interaction, cultural tools, and activity shape individual development.
In Social Constructivism, belonging to a group and particpating in the social construction of knowledge is what learning means. This is known as the Second Wave of Constructivism (Vygotsky's theory). Dewey, like Vygotsky, was both a social and a psychological constructivist, for he believed that the educational process, the process of learning had two sides.
Unlike Vygotsky, Dewey believed that social was far, far greater than psychological constructivism. He went as far as to say that without some sor t of social aspect in learning, there is no point for the learner to learn. John Dewey believed that the only true education comes through experience in lives. What is the relationship between his beliefs and the beliefs of Vygotsky and Piaget? What is the the best possible area where learning can take place as described by Vygotsky?
Why is that so?