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The South in 1877

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by

Jarod Roll

on 31 August 2016

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Transcript of The South in 1877

The South in 1877
Reconstruction: 1865-1877

Stages:
Presidential, 1865-67
Congressional, 1867-77
Myths:

Radical Reconstruction
"Black Reconstruction"
Bayonet Rule
Reality:

Generous terms (what did not happen)
Reconstruction Amendments (13th, 14th, 15th amendments)
Reconstruction Act of 1867
Voting Rights
Democratic representation
Quick return of white rule ("Redemption")
Civil Rights Act of 1875 (1883)

The cost of secession:

260,000 men killed (1/10th of southern white population)
at least as many physically and/or psychologically injured
Cities and towns ruined: Richmond, Charleston, Atlanta, Columbia, Oxford, Selma
Most of 9,000 miles of railroad destroyed
Real property lost 50% of value
Farm property lost 70% of value
Emancipation erased $3 billion invested in human property
Social Reconstruction:

Freedpeople reuniting families, exercising new rights, mobility
Elections
Hiram Revels, MS (1870-1871)
Confronting the effects of slavery
Schools
Freedmen's Bureau, 1865-1872
Return of Southern White Rule

Paramilitary politics
violence, fraud, terror
lack of military authority

Who will do the work?

Land and labor
No money
Sharecropping as a compromise
Cotton:

Cash crop
international demand
lack of cash
climate
labor
credit for cash crops
crop liens
Railroads

Internal improvements
Lessons from the war
Feeder lines
Full transcript