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Going Deeper into the Differences between the North and the

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Jenna Gormley

on 3 February 2016

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Transcript of Going Deeper into the Differences between the North and the

Immigration
Come to the US for a new beginning- to escape:
political revolution; religious persecution; famine
City Mouse vs. Country Mouse
Factories= Cities= North... most of the population is centered in the urban areas (URBANIZATION)
cities can provide opportuniy
more people in small areas--more opportunity for disease, crime, and poverty

Farms= people spread out= South... farms were spread out and away from other people... very RURAL way of life
Transportation
Roads, Canals, and the "Iron Horse"
Economic Systems-
way the region makes $$$
Social Systems based on race and class
Going Deeper into the Differences between the North and the South- PRE CIVIL WAR
North
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION- FOCUSED PRIMARILY IN THE NORTH

INDUSTRY- factories
starts with the Textile Industry- making cloth out of COTTON
coal
iron
factory- puts all the steps of making something under 1 roof--> LOWELL MILLS
factories powered by steam- could be built anywhere
Provide many job opportunities for those willing to work for CHEAP!
Women- work outside the home in exchange for education
Children-to help families survive
Immigrants
North
Jobs available in the NORTH- factories!
Irish- Potato famine drove thousands to search for new life
German- escaping Political Revolutions
Immigrants were willing to work cheap- threatened job source of those already here
growth of NATIVISM- US should be only for those born here
White, Anglo (English)/Saxon, and Protestant
New political party: Know Nothings
North
Upper class- Factory Owners

Middle class- native factory workers

Lower- Immigrants

Lowest- Freed African Americans
face discrimination and segregation
created their own schools, churches, newspapers

*Can move from Lower to middle and middle to lower... Not necessarily the lowest
North
Industry requires a way to ship goods
Clipper ships
Steam boats
Roads- 80,000 miles
Erie Canal- waterway connected Hudson River (NYC) to Lake Erie plus 3000 other canals
Railroad track- 30,000 miles of track... MOST IN THE NORTH

South
KING COTTON
-climate is more suitable for agriculture

agricultural- primary crops are COTTON, rice, tobacco
demand for the South's cotton by Europe and the North causes a demand for a way to increase supply-
The Cotton Gin- Eli Whitney
Increased production- NEED MORE WORKERS--> SLAVES
South
Most were from England/Scotland and were from the original colonial families
Strong "native"
Enslaved African American families did not come willingly
South
Upper class- Plantation owners ( a very small percentage of the population)
Middle class- Small farmers (majority of the population)
Lower class- Freed African Americans
faced restrictions similar to the North
travel restrictions, no public school, no vote, couldn't serve on juries or testify against white defendents
Slaves
NO movement from one class to the next... but a freed African American could be sold back into slavery
transportation needs increased as the population of the US increased and began to go West!
South
A lot of the South's terrain is swampy...
rivers move slowly
Swamps make roads difficult
Most of the land that isn't swampy is farm land
only 10,000 tracks of Railroad

Labor Force

North:

Factory workers consist of:
native lower class workers
immigrants
women
children

CHEAP labor but...
no medical care- injuries that occur on the job need to be cared for by the individual with no workers' compensation... and if you didn't work, you didn't get paid
Long hours (up to 14 hours), unsafe work conditions (no fresh air, mechanical issues with factory machines)

South:

Plantation owners often worked beside their slaves

Many plantations:
medical care given to slaves
had food and shelter given by owners
many were treated well because they played a significant role in the economics

However:
Slaves had no choice in the matter
Shelter was often nothing more than a hut w/ dirt floor
often given 1 meal/ day
Full transcript