Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Going Deeper into the Differences between the North and the

No description

Jenna Gormley

on 23 February 2018

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Going Deeper into the Differences between the North and the

Come to the US for a new beginning- to escape:
political revolution; religious persecution; famine
City Mouse vs. Country Mouse
Factories= Cities= North... most of the population is centered in the urban areas (URBANIZATION)
cities can provide opportuniy
more people in small areas--more opportunity for disease, crime, and poverty

Farms= people spread out= South... farms were spread out and away from other people... very RURAL way of life
Roads, Canals, and the "Iron Horse"
Economic Systems-
way the region makes $$$
Social Systems based on race and class
Going Deeper into the Differences between the North and the South- PRE CIVIL WAR

INDUSTRY- factories
starts with the Textile Industry- making cloth out of COTTON
factory- puts all the steps of making something under 1 roof--> LOWELL MILLS
factories powered by steam- could be built anywhere
Provide many job opportunities for those willing to work for CHEAP!
Women- work outside the home in exchange for education
Children-to help families survive
Jobs available in the NORTH- factories!
Irish- Potato famine drove thousands to search for new life
German- escaping Political Revolutions
Immigrants were willing to work cheap- threatened job source of those already here
growth of NATIVISM- US should be only for those born here
White, Anglo (English)/Saxon, and Protestant
New political party: Know Nothings
Upper class- Factory Owners

Middle class- native factory workers

Lower- Immigrants

Lowest- Freed African Americans
face discrimination and segregation
created their own schools, churches, newspapers

*Can move from Lower to middle and middle to lower... Not necessarily the lowest
Industry requires a way to ship goods
Clipper ships
Steam boats
Roads- 80,000 miles
Erie Canal- waterway connected Hudson River (NYC) to Lake Erie plus 3000 other canals
Railroad track- 30,000 miles of track... MOST IN THE NORTH

-climate is more suitable for agriculture

agricultural- primary crops are COTTON, rice, tobacco
demand for the South's cotton by Europe and the North causes a demand for a way to increase supply-
The Cotton Gin- Eli Whitney
Increased production- NEED MORE WORKERS--> SLAVES
Most were from England/Scotland and were from the original colonial families
Strong "native"
Enslaved African American families did not come willingly
Upper class- Plantation owners ( a very small percentage of the population)
Middle class- Small farmers (majority of the population)
Lower class- Freed African Americans
faced restrictions similar to the North
travel restrictions, no public school, no vote, couldn't serve on juries or testify against white defendents
NO movement from one class to the next... but a freed African American could be sold back into slavery
transportation needs increased as the population of the US increased and began to go West!
A lot of the South's terrain is swampy...
rivers move slowly
Swamps make roads difficult
Most of the land that isn't swampy is farm land
only 10,000 tracks of Railroad

Labor Force


Factory workers consist of:
native lower class workers

CHEAP labor but...
no medical care- injuries that occur on the job need to be cared for by the individual with no workers' compensation... and if you didn't work, you didn't get paid
Long hours (up to 14 hours), unsafe work conditions (no fresh air, mechanical issues with factory machines)


Plantation owners often worked beside their slaves

Many plantations:
medical care given to slaves
had food and shelter given by owners
many were treated well because they played a significant role in the economics

Slaves had no choice in the matter
Shelter was often nothing more than a hut w/ dirt floor
often given 1 meal/ day
Full transcript