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SS 9: Industrial Revolution: An Agricultural Revolution

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Devon Allen

on 27 August 2013

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Transcript of SS 9: Industrial Revolution: An Agricultural Revolution

The Rich and the Poor Farmland The Animals New Crops & New Tech Impact on England An Agricultural Revolution England Strip Farms Enclosures Commons Strip Farms: scattered plots of land owned by a single landowner. These were horribly inefficient! Why? Enclosure: consolidation of strip farms into larger fields. Allowed farmers to work the land more efficiently! Why? Commons: large areas of public lands within villagesParliament passed laws making it possible for these to be turned into private properties Everyone was entitled to a piece of the land for a fee.
How then did the rich get richer with bigger and bigger farms? The POOR The RICH Loss of common lands meant that they no longer had a place to graze their livestock.

They often had to sell their small farms to the Rich land owners.

Often quickly spent the $ they were given for their land.

Became labourers.

Moved to the city in search of work. The rich started to amass large farms.
Farming became a business!-Profit vs. subsistence
New Plants, New Animals were introduced. (From where?)
Farming became mechanized
Grew more food to feed the nation! A long time ago in a galaxy far far away…
-Cows and Sheep were not bred for meat!?!?
-Cows = Milk
-Sheep = Wool They only slaughtered and ate animals that they could not afford to feed over the winter. The Agricultural Revolution Changed that!- New Breeds produced more meat
- Hardier animals
- Sheep had thicker wool
- More expensive/short supply Landowners saw the possibility of making money from food sales.

So they invested in techniques and technologies to increase profit. Jethro Tull English inventor would studied how plants grew:

-When soil is broken up, cultivated, fertilized, plants grow better.
-Invented the seed drill = pulled by horses, planted seeds in rows. How would planting seeds in rows help farmers? Lord Turnip Lord Turnip Townsend: English Lord and Landowner Discovered that growing crops in rotation was best for the soil. 1.Turnips year one
2.Barley year two 3.Grasses year three
4.Wheat year four Repeat Results Land no longer needed to be kept fallow for a year = much higher profits Grasses could be used to feed the livestock = larger/healthier herds Compared to England, the rest of Europe was completely backwards.

This allowed towns to grow quickly – fewer land owners = more people in the cities

Beginnings of the British Midlands (England’s Industrial Centre)
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