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Ancient Egypt

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by

Saniya Magan

on 15 July 2015

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Transcript of Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt hierarchy

Ancient Egypt was a successful culture for over 3,000 years. In the early years there were two ‘kingdoms’ that operated like two different countries. Each had a ruler and their own religious beliefs and ways of doing things. After the two kingdoms were united, they became a lot more organized and over the years developed a system of what is called a ‘hierarchy’. This was a class system and each person living in ancient Egypt knew where they existed in the system and had specific rights of that class.
The social structure of ancient Egypt may not have sounded fair when we think of our lives today, but during those days it was a requirement for survival and the success of the society.


Ancient Egypt
hierarchy
Egyptian social pyramid
Bibliography
Where is Egypt?
Egypt is situated in the Nile Valley, in the north east of Africa.
Egypt is bordered on the west by Libya, on the south is Sudan and on the east by the red sea and Israel.


Location of Egypt.
Ancient Egyptian clothes and fashion




Ancient Egyptian gods
These are some of the important gods.
There were many other gods and goddesses that the egyptians worshiped.

Pyramids
Ancient Egyptian food
1.
Pharaoh

5.
Scribes



2.
Vizier
6.
Soldiers



7.
Craftsmen

3.
Noble


8.
Farmer



4.
Priest
9.
Slaves

Quiz
Afterlife
Ancient Egyptians technology and inventions

Writing





Religion
There were hundreds of different gods and goddesses in Ancient Egypt, many whom lived as half animal and half human on earth. When priests carried their rituals, they would often wear an animal mask, to give the impression that they were the actual god. It is hard to understand the Egyptian gods, especially as the same animal might represent several different
gods in different religions.

However, the one 'true god',
and king of all the other
gods, was Amun-Re, the
sun god.
Ancient Egypt at war
Transport
Marriage and Women
Mummification

Books
Range Histories- The Egyptians by Jane Shuter
Ancient Egypt by John Guy
Exploring ancient Egypt by John Malam
Insiders Egypt by Joyce Tyldesley
Mummies and pyramids by Sam Taplin
Websites
http://www.historyonthenet.com/egyptians/society.htm-
http://egypt.mrdonn.org/afterlife.html
http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/mummies/home.html
http:www.ducksters.com.historyancient_egyptian_pyramids.php
http://www.ducksters.com/history/ancient_egypt/inventions_and_technology.php
http://www.perankhgroup.com/Food%20and%20Drinks%20in%20Ancient%20Egypt.htm
Men clothing
Rich women clothing
Rich men clothing
Women clothing
Jewellery
Footwear
Glossary
Essential Question:
How was Egypt established?
Content page


Ancient Egyptian music
Glossary
Where is Egypt?
Ancient Egypt hierarchy
Ancient Egyptian government
Ancient Egyptian religion
Ancient Egyptian gods
Pyramids
Food
Clothes and fashion
Technology and inventions
Ancient Egyptian Writing
Crime and punishment
War and weapons
Mummification
Afterlife
Transport
Music
Marriage and women
Quiz
Bibliography




































++
By:
Saniya Magan TML
This is a scribe's pen case
Hieroglyphic alphabet

The Egyptians mostly ate:
Meat
Bread
Fish and fish eggs
Vegetables and fruits
Duck
Eggs
Butter and cheese
Honey

The Egyptians mostly drank:
Wine
Beer
Milk
Water

Some things that the ancient Egyptians invented are:
Writing
Papyrus Sheets
Medicine
Makeup
Toothpaste
The calendar
Wigs
Pyramids
Black Ink
Clocks
Mummification is a process in which the skin and flesh of a corpse can be preserved. The process included embalming the bodies and wrapping them in strips of linen.
This is Anubis,
the god of mummification
These are called Canopic jars. This is what the body parts were stored in. There was a different jar for each important body part.
List of mode of transport in Ancient Egypt:
Walking
Ferries
Chariots
Ships
Camels
Donkeys

1.
List all the positions of the social pyramid in order from first to last. Name the people in that position and write one sentence about what they do?
2.
When and why did the Egyptians stop drinking alcohol?
3.
Who was the god of mummification? What did he look like?
4.
Who was the god of the Afterlife? What did he look like?
5.
Who was the god of Music?
6.
Who was the god of protection?
7.
Name 5 things that the Ancient Egyptians invented?
8.
Name 5 foods that the Ancient Egyptians ate?
9.
What was the jars called in which the Ancient Egyptians kept the body parts after embalming the body?
10.
What was the writing called that the ancient Egyptians used?
11.
Who was the head of the government?
12.
At what age were children considered adults and were allowed to marry?
13.
Were women treated well in Ancient Egypt, do you think they had fair rights?
14.
Why did the Egyptians mummify their dead?
15.
Why was the afterlife important for the Ancient Egyptians?
16.
What test did they have to pass before entering the afterlife?
17.
How long did it for the Ancient Egyptians to build the pyramids?
18.
How many people did it take to build the pyramids?
19.
Why did they build the pyramids?
20.
What was the Ancient Egyptian’s religion called and what did it mean?
21.
Name 3 musical instruments that the Ancient Egyptians used?
Fine blades used in wars
Egyptian chariot

Used to transport soldiers during wars.
This is Osiris, the god of the afterlife
The afterlife was a place where Ancient Egyptians believed that the soul of a dead person could life.
A person had to do good deeds while their were living, only then they could go to the afterlife. If the person didn't do good deeds she/he would have to remain trapped in their tomb.
There was a dangerous process which the Egyptians did before reaching the afterlife.
Many tombs show this famous picture of diners been entertained by dancing girls and female musicians.
Egypt treated its women better than any of the other major civilizations of the ancient world.

There was no age limit as to when people could be married.
Marriage was a very important part of ancient Egyptian society. Some people say it was almost a duty to get married. Compared to today's world, Egyptian marriages were very different; husbands could marry more than one wife, and people of close relations (cousins, brothers and sisters, etc.) could also wed one another.
Ancient Egyptians believed that women were a very important part of their lives. They believed it was important to respect women and give them the same rights as men.
Hathor, god of music
This is a very important symbol in the ancient egyptian religion. This is the eye of Horus, the god of the sky and one of the most important gods of all.
Government
The ancient Egyptian government was ruled by the pharaoh. The pharaoh was the supreme leader not only of the government, but also the religion.
Crime and punishment
This is Horus, the sky god. He was a all seeing god and made sure
every egyptian was protected
from crime.
Music was very important to the ancient Egyptians. The ancient Egyptians were very organized and this included how they organized and arranged music and musicians. They brought music to their religious ceremonies, but it was also played and performed in workshops, palaces, the farms, on the battlefield and even in their tombs. The Egyptian gods Hathor was their god of music and they had many ceremonies devoted to them that involved song and dance to accompany the playing of musical instruments.
Pharaoh:
An ancient Egyptian king.

Hierarchy:
any system of people or things ranked one above another.

Tombs:
Things in which dead bodies are buried

Papyrus:
A tall plant native to the Nile Valley, used in ancient times.

Poultry:
Eggs and chickens.

Barley:
A widely distributed cereal plant.

Embalming:
To treat a dead body and to preserve it with chemicals.


Preserved:
To keep safe from harm or injury; protect, maintain.

Archaeologist:
A specialist in Archaeology, the scientific study of prehistoric peoples and their cultures.
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