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Genetically Modified Foods

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Krupa Upadhyay

on 5 March 2014

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Transcript of Genetically Modified Foods

Facts
Supporters
Critics
Videos
History
Our Opinion
Contributed to Food Security, Sustainability and the Environment/Climate Change
Increasing crop production valued at US$98.2 billion
Providing a better environment, by saving 473 million kg a.i. of pesticides
2011- reduced CO2 emissions by 23.1 billion kg,
= to taking 10.2 million cars off the road for 1 year
Conserving biodiversity by saving 108.7 million hectares of land
helped alleviate poverty for 15.0 million small farmers and their families (totaling 50 million people) who are some of the poorest people in the world.
How much
Pros
http://classes.soe.ucsc.edu/cmpe080e/Spring05/projects/gmo/technicality.htm

http://www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/focusareas/medical/conference/presentations/genetically-modified-foods.html

http://www.2facts.com/icof_story.aspx?PIN=i1000400&term=gm+food

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002432.htm

http://www.farmaid.org/site/c.qlI5IhNVJsE/b.2739785/apps/s/content.asp?ct=3851575

http://gmoinside.org/gmo-timeline-a-history-genetically-modified-foods/
69 million hectarces
in the U.S.
The terms "genetically modified organism" (GMO) and "genetically modified foods" (GM foods) refer to plants or animals whose genes have been changed in the laboratory by scientists. All living organisms have genes written in their DNA. They are the chemical instructions for building and maintaining life. By modifying the genes, scientists can alter the characteristics of an organism. In agriculture, genetic engineering allows simple genetic traits to be transferred to crop plants from wild relatives, other distantly related plants, or virtually any other organism. Manipulating the genetics of foods is not new.

- Michael Murray, N.D. and Joseph Pizzorno, N.D., The Encyclopedia of Healing Foods

Facts
Cons
Concerns
Animal testing was done by Eric Gilles of the University of Caen, one of the few long term effects studies
Stats
Pros
Cons
How its Made
Regardless of your opinion on GMOs they are here to stay. However, the amount of GMOs one consumes can be preventable.
Genetically Modified Foods
There is a 200 - 300% increase in rat tumors when fed Round Up ready food
50% male and 70% female rats died in premature death
Rats fed Round Up ready corn were 600% more likely to die than the controlled group
Genes were passed to their babies
they had failures and some were deformed
GM fed mother rats had smaller babies than controlled group
babies could not have as much babies
According to these studies, the effects on the rats would lead humans in result of organ failures, tumors, and cause women breast cancer, stomach inflammation, and these traits would also be passed on in their genes
Animal Rights
Safety Testing
Long Term Effects on People
Farmer Rights
Birth Defects passed on in genes
GMO Labeling
Toxic & Dangerous Chemicals
Dow using 2,4,D used in (Agent Orange)
No one yet knows if GMO's are healthy or not when released
http://occupy-monsanto.com/gmo-free-inauguration/
GMO foods from the United States are being starting to get rejected by foreign countries like Europe, China and Japan
GM products contain novel proteins that could trigger allergic reactions
http://www.gmo-free-regions.org/gmo-free-regions/bans.html
More nutritous food
tastier food
disease and drought resistant plants
decrease use of pesticides
reduced cost
longer shelf life
more desirable traits
Medicinal food
http://foodmatters.tv/articles-1/the-truth-is-out-on-genetically-modified-foods-and-its-not-pretty
GMO's not tested when released for public use

Safety tests were then considered, only for 90 days, too short a time to see the long term effects

People today are the experiment

the results are the genes passed on (new generations)

No long term studies prove GMO's to be beneficial for consumption

Religious Views
It is man’s God-given right to know what we’re putting in our bodies and feeding our children
Concerns about the health dangers of genetically engineered foods, which have not been adequately studied for their health impacts. (Several studies do show serious health problems.)
Environmental impacts of genetically modified plants, which contradict man’s role as steward of the land.

Spiritual concerns that since the technology transfers genes between species and creates combinations of organisms that could never naturally occur in nature, it is a violation of God’s law.
China last month rejected at least 545,000 metric tons of U.S. corn
Top GM Foods and Product
Soy
Corn
Canola Oil
Milk
Sugar Beets
Aspartame
Zucchini
Yellow Squash
Potato
Banana
Cotton
Honey
Rice
Papaya
Tomatoes
Pork
Sources
Timeline
1935
DNA Discovered
Russian Scientist Andrei Nikolaevitch Belozersky islosates pure DNA
1973
Recombinant DNA Created
Idea for man-made DNA, or rDNA comes from a grad student at Stanford Unveristy Medical School
Professor Herbert Boyer and others go with it
1975
Asilmar Conference
A group of biologist, few lawyers and doctors create guildlines for safe use of GE
1980
First GMO Patent Issued
court case between a genetics engineer at General Electric and the U.S. Patent Office
settled by a 5-to-4 Supreme Court ruling
allowing for the first patent on a living organism.
The GMO is a bacterium with an appetite for crude oil
1994
GMO hits the grocery stores
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approves the Flavr Savr tomato for sale
1997
Mandatory Labels
European Union requires mandatory labeling on all GMO food product
1999
GMO Food Crops Dominate
Over 100 million acres worldwide are planted with genetically engineered seeds.
Full transcript