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Gilded Age

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by

Eleanor Zechiel

on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of Gilded Age

The Gilded Age What does "gilded" mean? The Gilded Age was the greatest period of economic growth in American history. Labor Big Business The Railroad Innovation J.P. Morgan (finance)
Andrew Carnegie (steel)
John D. Rockefeller (oil) Central Pacific + Union Pacific streetcars
subways
automobiles
airplanes Great Railroad Strike of 1877, Haymarket Strike, Homestead Strike, Pullman Strike
protest low wages
violence
police and army
all strikes unsuccessful Old vs. New eastern Europe
poor
Irish
Jewish
Catholic
Chinese western Europe
wealthy
middle class
white
protestant Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 Women's Suffrage
Temperance
poverty
Social Darwinism
Social Gospel = people should do good works, help poor Industry and Technology The City Politics and Corruption Immigration A political cartoon from 1882, showing a Chinese man being barred entry to the "Golden Gate of Liberty". The caption reads, "We must draw the line somewhere, you know." Urbanization Tenements Problems urbanization = people move to the city Tenement= small, cheap housing; dirty and cramped prostitution
sanitation
poverty
crime
gangs Scandals Political Machines Populists Credit Mobilier company
federal railroad money went to stockholders
included congress, president patronage = give vote for favor or power
mayors or officials paid by bosses
Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall = very rich Unions Strikes union = organization formed by workers to fight for rights
Knights of Labor: grew too fast
American Railroad Union: Eugene Debs
American Federation of Labor (AFL): Samuel Gompers Social Issues Nativism = pro-americans, anti-foreigners
Why exclude Chinese? monopolies/trusts = one company controls all parts of a product
ex: Carnegie had a monopoly on steel production.
problem: no competition
Social Darwinism = survival of the fittest
Sherman Anti-Trust Act = outlawed trusts General The South Plessy v. Ferguson = separate, but equal
Jim Crow Laws = enforced segregation (separation) in the south
lynching = murder by a group or mob What were the major problems of the Gilded Age? telegraph
telephone
typewriter
skyscrapers Tycoons: expanded trade, travel farmers in debt because of trusts/prices
populist party = political party formed by farmers, labor leaders, reformers
goal: help common people, govn't control railroads
wanted money backed by silver instead of gold
Full transcript