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Testicular Cancer

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Maria Jaimes

on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer Treatments then depends on the type of testicular cancer and the stage of the tumor Maria Jaimes Cancer is know as a malignant neoplasm, is a broad group of of various diseases, all involving unregulated cell growth. Testicular Cancer is a cancer that develops in the testicles, a male's reproductive system. Testicular Cancer occurs when cells in the testicles grow and multiply uncontrollably , damaging surrounding tissue & interfering with the normal function of the testicles. According to the National Cancer Institute around 8,000 men get diagnosed with testicular cancer annually; almost 400 males die annually from this disease. A Physical examination typically reveals a first lump
Other Tests include Abdominal and pelvic CT Scan
Blood tests for tumor markers
Chest x-ray
Ultrasound of the scrotum
and examination of the tissue is usually done after the entire testicle is surgically removed Tests It is the most common type of malignancy that manifests in men between 15 to 34 years of age. Symptoms Discomfort or pain in the testicles
scrotum feels heavy
pain in back or lower abdomen
Enlargement of a testicle or change in way it feels.
lump or swelling in either testicle Early diagnosis of the Testicular Cancer is crucial since the doubling time of testis tumors is estimated to be 10 to 30 days. Chemotherapy
Radiation therapy Stage 1 the cancer is limited to the testicles and has not spread to the lymph nodes or any distant organs The Cancer has Spread to the lymph nodes in the abdomen, but not to any more distant organs Stage 2 The cancer has spread to the lymph nodes and one or more distant organs (above the diaphragm), such as the liver, lungs and brain. Stage 3 Certain treatments for testicular cancer can cause infertility that may be permanent. Patients who may wish to have children should consider sperm banking before having treatment. Sperm banking is the process of freezing sperm and storing it for later use These cancers are cured in more than 95% of patients. They are first treated by surgically removing the testicle and spermatic cord (radical inguinal orchiectomy). After surgery, several choices exist: After surgery to remove the testicle (radical inguinal orchiectomy), these cancers are treated with radiation to the retroperitoneal lymph nodes. Usually higher doses of radiation are given for stage II seminomas than for stage I seminomas. If radiation can't be given for some reason, chemo may be used instead. After surgery to remove the testicle they are followed by chemo with combinations of drugs. this treatment produces a cure in over 70% of cases Testicular Cancer Society
www.testicularcancersociety.org Help Raise Awareness Its an organization to raise awareness and educate people about the cancer and support those that are going thru it and the survivors. its easy to help them just like their page on Facebook "Testicular Cancer Society " page
Follow them on twitter
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