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The Art of Quoting
Transcript of The Art of Quoting
"But then I'd have to read ..."
"But then I'd have to look it up ..."
"But then I couldn't convince you to accept my interpretation ..."
"But then I'm not making my own argument ..." Excuses: Quoting Too Much "But then I'd have to say something of my own ..."
"But I don't know enough about this topic to comment ..."
"But I don't understand what the author is saying ..."
"But what if I misinterpret?"
"But I don't want to leave out any evidence ..." Excuses: Not Explaining
Meaning "But doesn't it speak for itself?"
"But isn't that redundant?"
"But then I'd have to interpret ..." Excuses: Not Explaining
Selection "But then I'd need a method for selecting quotations ..."
"But how can I write so much without irrelevant quotations?"
"But then I'd have to know which passages support my argument and how ..."
"But if my argument changes, I'd need new quotations ..." Excuses: Introducing a Quote X states, “_____.”
As the prominent philosopher X puts it, “_____.”
According to X, “_____.”
X himself writes, “_____.”
In her book, _____, X maintains that “_____.”
Writing in the journal Commentary, X complains that “_____.”
In X’s view, “_____.”
X agrees when she writes, “_____.”
X disagrees when he writes, “_____.”
X complicates matters further when she writes, “_____.” Taken from Graff, Gerald and Cathy Birkenstein. 2010.
They Say, I Say: The Moves that Matter in Academic Writing. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. Explaining Meaning Basically, X is warning that _____.
In other words, X believes _____.
In making this comment, X urges us to _____.
X is corroborating the age-old adage that _____.
X’s point is that _____.
The essence of X’s argument is that _____. Taken from Graff, Gerald and Cathy Birkenstein. 2010.
They Say, I Say: The Moves that Matter in Academic Writing. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. Making a Claim Argue Suggest Report Remind us Observe Insist Emphasize Claim Believe Assert Expressing Agreement Acknowledge Endorse Admire Extol Agree Praise Celebrate the fact that Corroborate Do not deny Reaffirm Verify Support Questioning or Disagreeing Complain Complicate Contend Contradict Deny Deplore the tendency to Qualify Question Refute Reject Renounce Repudiate Recommendations Advocate Call for Demand Encourage Exhort Implore Plead Recommend Urge Warn Block Quotes, Partial Quotes, and Sentence Syntax Sentence Syntax: Only use when every word, or the general structure, of a long passage provides support for your argument.
If over five lines, single-space the text and indent. Often, a good portion of a passage is irrelevant to your argument. When this happens, you are free to remove the superfluous material.
However, you should make sure removing this material does not distort the original meaning of the text.
When you omit irrelevant material from a quote, insert an ellipsis (...) in its place. The material you are quoting should blend with your own sentence syntax.
It is OK to change verb endings, add pronouns, or provide further specification of pronouns to help a quoted passage make sense in the context of your paper.
When you change a quote, simply place the added material within [brackets]. Block Quotes: Partial Quotes: Practical Suggestions