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12 US Joins WWI

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Mary Quigg

on 26 February 2018

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Transcript of 12 US Joins WWI

"Room 40" Decodes Telegram
"Germany Seeks Alliance Against Us"
The world must be made safe for democracy.
Zimmerman Note Decoded By British
Zimmerman Note Revealed to US Citizens
0n January 16, 1917, British cryptographers deciphered a telegram from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister to Mexico, von Eckhardt, offering United States territory to Mexico in return for joining the German cause.
Read full contents below:
"We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted submarine warfare. We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal of alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The settlement in detail is left to you. You will inform the President of the above most secretly as soon as the outbreak of war with the United States of America is certain and add the suggestion that he should, on his own initiative, invite Japan to immediate adherence and at the same time mediate between Japan and ourselves. Please call the President's attention to the fact that the ruthless employment of our submarines now offers the prospect of compelling England in a few months to make peace." Signed, ZIMMERMANN

What will the Untied States do with this information now?
The British cryptographic office known as “Room 40” decoded the Zimmermann Telegram and handed it over to the United States on February 24, 1917. By March 1, its scandalous contents were splashed on the front pages of newspapers nationwide.

On April 2, 1917, President Wilson abandoned his policy of neutrality and asked Congress to declare war against Germany and the Central Powers.
Friday, April 6, 1917
Vol XCIII, No. 311
128 American Lives Lost!
Lusitania Sunk by German U-boat
Congress Declares War
United States Enters the Great War
On May 7, 1915, the Lusitania was torpedoed by a German U-boat. She went down in a matter of 18 minutes.

Of the 1,962 passengers and crew aboard Lusitania at the time of the sinking, 1,191 lost their lives.

As the years went on, the Germans declared unrestricted submarine warfare and began preying on U.S. vessels in the Atlantic. Germans sunk more US ships in March, 1917.
On April 6, 1917, the United States congress declared war on Germany and the Central Powers.

Mobilization begins. Troops are enlisted. Propaganda begins in full force to help support the war effort.

The first soldiers to be sent to Europe arrived in France June 26, 1917.
US Joins the Great War
- Woodrow Wilson
The US soldiers got the name of "Doughboys" by the British due to their lack of experience (and knowledge) of battle.
Essential Question
How did the major events of WWI lead to future conflict?
I can explain how the major events of WWI led to future conflict.
"I can" Statement
Full transcript