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Persia and Alexander the Great

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Alexis Gonzalez

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Persia and Alexander the Great

Persia and Alexander the Great by Alexis Gonzalez
Persia and Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great was a renowned leader who created a large and unified empire through various methods. Alexander expanded his empire through conquer and conquest, constantly building onto the size of his empire. He attempted to adopt the customs of some of the lands and peoples he conquered, in hopes to create a Hellenistic empire. He unified his empire through diplomacy and tolerance with provincial officials overlooking affairs. Alexander's empire came crashing down with his sudden death leaving behind a power struggle which dismantled his empire.
Hellenistic Culture
Alexander the Great had a goal to create a Hellenistic empire which he achieved and even after his death, Hellenism continued. The Hellenistic world was united by Greek language in government, commerce, education, science, and much more. Customs from other cultures were even integrated into Hellenism. Paintings, sculptures, and mosaics portrayed ordinary life and decorated private homes and public facilities. Greek philosophy particularly grew throughout the Hellenistic period, whereas ancient Greek religion remained constant.
Impact of Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism's monotheistic teachings on Ahura Mazda represented a departure from polytheistic beliefs in the region. Zoroastrianism taught the belief that in the struggle between good and evil, humans chose what path to take. Zoroastrianism became increasingly important throughout the Persian empire. It was even thought to have influenced the developments of early Christianity and Judaism. Until Alexander the Great, Persian rulers were almost certainly Zoroastrian.
CCOT: Persia V. China
Throughout the course of the Persian empire, the government was relatively the same. The government was based on tolerance and diplomacy for long duration of time. Also, even though there is an official ruler, provincial rulers called satraps were set up to monitor affairs that the ruler couldn't over a certain distance. Similarly, in China, subjects were ruled by an emperor with appointed officials overseeing things the emperor could not. However, China was fairly bureaucratic whereas Persia was fairly diplomatic.
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