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History of Space
Transcript of History of Space
History of Space
At the end of World War II marked
the beginning of The Cold War. Soon, both countries began building ballistic missiles that were being utilized in traveling to space. In response to the Soviet Union's Sputnik satellite, the U.S developed NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration).
The New Horizons artificial satellite was launched by NASA on Jan. 19, 2006. It is the first mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt. Before it's flyby, about 10 weeks before, it began studying Pluto, and it's moon, Charon. It was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Space shuttles could be reusable, and were developed by NASA. The complete space shuttle was made of the orbiter, the external tank, and the SRB (solid rocket boosters). The space mission call signs were known as the STS (Space Transportation System) missions. The Space Shuttle was the first spacecraft that carried humans in low Earth orbit. The 6 space shuttles are named Enterprise, Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis, and Endeavour. Columbia and Challenger were both destroyed, killing all 7 crew members. Enterprise was only capable of landing tests, since it was not built with engines. The 4 remaining orbiters are now in museums. The last mission was STS-135
John Glenn was the
first U.S astronaut to orbit the Earth, completing three orbits in 1962, this lasted five hours. He served as U.S senator from Ohio. On Glenn's mission, he piloted Friendship VII. In the control room, NASA officials worried that Glenn's heat shield was not firmly attached, Glenn made some adjustments and made it home safely. Yuri Gagarin was the first person to orbit the Earth, while Glenn was the first American to do so. Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon on the Apollo 11 mission, with Buzz Aldrin also on the mission.
Explorer One was the very first artificial satellite to be launched by the U.S. The JPL (Jet Propulsion Laboratory) had the responsibility of building and operating the satellite. It was mainly used for cosmic ray detections. It orbited Earth every 115 minutes. Explorer One (sadly) burned up in the atmosphere in 1970
Space Shuttle Video