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The Aztecs lived Southern Mexico. At the time, it was called Tenochtitlan. Tenochtitlan is in present-day Mexico City. The Moctezumas Two very important people in Aztec history were Moctezuma I and Moctezuma II. Moctezuma I ruled from 1440 to 1469. He was the 5th ruler of the Aztecs. During his rule, the empire expanded to the Gulf of Mexico. Moctezuma II's headress Moctezuma II was the emperor of the Aztecs in 1502. He
was Moctezuma I's grandchild.
He ruled at the height of the empire when the Spanish arrived. Buildings The Aztecs built many temples to worship the sun and moon god. One temple in the sacred city of Tenochtitlan was called Temple Mayor. It was a double temple built of stone and covered with stucco and polychrome paint. It was completed in 1497 at the height of 197 feet tall. It had two shrines at the top.
Many rituals were done at this temple, including human sacrifice. It was the main religious building of the capital city. Temple Mayor Religion and Special Beliefs The Aztecs were polytheistic. They believed in many gods. They respected nature as part of their religion.
Aztecs were focused on how the gods, humans, and nature could be interconnected.
They also believed that they owed a "blood debt" to the gods. Every eighteen months, a human or animal sacrifice would take place. Aztecs were honored to be killed for the gods.
In Aztec religion, one of the most important gods was the sun god. This god was the reason the Aztecs did human sacrifice. They believed that if they did not sacrifice enough, he would make the sun stop shining. The name of the sun god, though, a complicated topic. The Aztecs had "replaced" most of their sun gods. Only some of the different sun gods were Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, Tlaloc, Chalchiuhtlicue (a sun goddess), Tonatuih, and Huitzilopochtli. Social Classes and Lifestyle At the time of the Aztecs, there were two classes: the pilli and the macehualli. The pilli were nobles. They were allowed to have full education, decorate their homes, and wear fancy clothing. The macehualli, however, were common people. They did not have the privileges like the nobles.
Sadly, there were also slaves. The slaves, or tlacotin, were not in their position because of their ancestors. Commoners that had economic problems sold themselves to be tlacotin. Here is a Video about the Aztecs! To Sum it up... The Aztecs lived in Tenochtitlan in present-day Mexico City from the 13th century to the16th century.
The Aztecs were polytheistic and built temples to worship in and sacrifice.
Spaniards came to Tenochtitlan in the 16th century and conquered the Aztecs.
Bibliography We found all of our information and pictures at www.aztec-history.com We found our video at www.youtube.com Thank You For Watching ! Pastimes The Aztecs used music as entertainment. In fact, children would learn about it in school.
The Aztecs also liked to play games. One of the most famous was the Aztec Ball Game.
In this game, the players would try to get a ball into a stone hoop. The winner of the game would be sacrificed for the gods and goddesses. By,
Christiana Lefabve Numbers and Letters The language of the Aztecs was called Nahuatl.
This language had consonants and vowels, but it also had symbols. For example, = tree = flint = teeth When the Aztecs counted, they counted by twenties instead of tens, like we do. Also, they represented numbers with dots. The location of the Aztecs Hoop used in the Aztec Ball Game Tonatuih Tlaloc Chalchiuhtlicue