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Causes of the Revolution
Transcript of Causes of the Revolution
By: Mackenzie Cook
It all began in 1826 in the small town of Nacodoches. A man by the name of Bengiman Edwards led a group of twenty armed settlers down to an old stone fort, while carrying a flag and proclaiming the creation of the Republic of Fredonia. This act of rebellion was very short lived, for soon, an army of Mexican troops came, and the Republic of Fredonia collapsed.
Inspection of Mier y Teran
Shaken by this outburst, the Mexican government decides to send General Mier y Teran to investigate East Texas. From 1828 to 1829 Teran traveled and observed East Texas. When he returned to Mexico, he reported that the Mexican settlers were greatly outnumbered by Anglo americans, and the Anglo influence had become very strong. Mexico was quick to then make a decree prompting Mexican and European settlers to come to Texas with the promise of cheap land and help with their debt.
Decree Of April 6, 1830
On April 6 of 1830, Mexico made a decree setting many restrictions on the Anglo settlers. This decree affected all of Texas. Mexican soldiers were also sent out, making the Anglo colonists even more angry that before.
Affair at Anahuac
Like the title suggests, this next story takes place in the town of Anahuac in the year 1832. John Bradburn, a local Spanish official, had begun to collect taxes from the Anglo settlers. The settlers became angry, but the needed a bit more prodding in order to rebel. This was when the Bradburn fellow came in again, and arrested two lawyers who were both popular in the region. The settlers finally had all the reasons they needed; they proceeded to battle for their freedom. Suddenly, another man by the name of John Austin got a brilliant idea! He decided to get a cannon to increase the firepower of the settlers' attack. So off he went on a search for this key battle instrument.
Turtle Bayou Resolutions
Soon after John Austin left for the cannon, in 1832, the colonists of Anahuac declared there loyalty to Mexico, and their support of Santa Ana . For a mexican offficial by the name of Colonel Piedras came to free the lawyers and punish Bradburn.
Battle of Velasco
Ok, so a funny thing happened in 1832 while these Turtle Bayou resolutions had been made, because our dear friend John Austin didn't get the message that their battle was over. So here he comes in his great ship with his precious cannon on board. He was stopped by Colonel Domingo, who didn't approve of some Anglo settlers carrying around dangerous weapons on ships. They had a great (and fairly pointless) battle over the matter until Austin won, only the realizing that the lawyers had already been freed.
Conventions of 1832 and 1833
By now, the colonists had become pretty fed up with the Spanish government, so they called a convention to discuss the changes they wished to happen in Texas. The first convention was actually called off, and nothing really came of it, but there was a second that commenced later where they declared many resolutions, and then decided to send them off to officials in Mexico City.
Arrest of Stephen F. Austin
Stephen F. Austin was the man chosen to deliver the declarations to Mexico City in 1834, so he began on the perilous journey there. When he arrived, he had to wait quite some time before the resolutions were read. He then wrote a letter back home preparing the colonists for war if all did not end well. But sadly, the government officials read his letter and arrested him for planning revolt. That time in prison wasn't too lengthy, though because he was friends with many local officials who gave him freedom. He then returned back home to his colony.
New Conflict at Anahuac
This battle at Anahuac was again about taxes. In 1835, the colonists again got annoyed with increasing taxes. So, they rebelled, forcing the government officials to surrender. Although the Anglo colonists won, they felt it wrong to revolt so harshly against their government, so they wrote an apology letter.
On October of 1830 the citizens of TX called for a convention. It was actually canceled, but Stephen F. Austin did agree to war. With him came the rest of Texas and so the war began!
If you liked, or want to know more about the revolution, try these sources-
- the textbook
- Road to the Revolution paper
- the handy dandy ISN
- or you could always go to a teacher for other questions