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Politics of The Mughal Empire

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Will McMillan

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of Politics of The Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire
By: Will M., Bharath M., and Jake L.

Politics of The Mughal Empire
Economics of the Mughal Empire
Culture in the Mughal Empire
Social Structure of the Mughal Empire
Leadership in the Mughal Empire
Interaction With the Environment
How leadership worked in the Mughal Empire was that there was one leader (male) with a few advisers. In some cases, a wife heavily dictated the decisions of the leader.
Important Leaders of the Mughal Empire
(in order)
Trade of the Mughals
Babur (Had religious freedoms for Hindus)
Akbar (Had religious freedoms for Hindus)
Jahangir (Real ruler was his wife Nur Jahan. Had religious freedoms for Hindus)
Shah Jahan (No religous freedoms for Hindus)
Aurangzeb (No religious freedoms for Hindus)
Nur Jahan
Shah Jahan
This is the type of government Akbar implemented during his rule to ensure peace and order in the large empire.
Akbar abolished the tax against non-muslims during his rule and welcomed the building of Hindu temples around the empire.
Both Akbar and Jahangir supported sea trade, and land trade, providing protection for a traveling merchant.
What the Mughals Traded
What they wanted: bullion, horses, raw silk, coral, amber, precious stones, superior textiles (silk, velvet, brocade, broadcloth), perfumes, drugs, china goods, and European wines.
Mughal trade routes
Industry of the Mughals
What they gave: Indigo, saltpeter, spices, opium, sugar, woolen and silk cloth of various kinds, yarn, asafoetida, salt, beads, borax, turmeric, lac, sealing wax, and drugs of various kinds
The industry that they had enabled them to make many goods, and enhance their trade, which in turn, increased their economy and their empire's power.
Early marriages were very common, in fact, to have a daughter unmarried after the age of twelve was to risk displeasure of the caste. polygamy and divorce were also common. The rich were very similar to the rich today, living in big houses with good clothes and many gold items, and their courtly manners that the rich had impressed foreign peoples.
Although the Mughals originated from the violent Mongols the Mughals had a appreciated Art, and Literrature
Mughal adopted certain Hindu and previously living Indian traditions and combined it along with Persian

"Mughal India: Art,Culture and Empire." Ministery of External Affairs Government of India. The Government of the Republic of India, 23 Feb. 2013. Web.
It is important to understand that the Mughal culture was a combination of many others
One of the cultural things that came out of the Mughal was the combination of cultures to form languages like Urdu
Miniatures were made and they told of the story of the kings with beatifull art in them. Akbarnamah is the story of Akbar
Akbar and his successors also had grand and elegant palaces and building built using both Persian and Hindu architecture styles which showed the power that the empire held
Hindu literature also had a revival because Akbar had the Sanskrit texts translated to persian which than was stored in extravagant libraries
The main thing that affected the environment was trade
Akbar and Jahangir desired to trade and Indigo, Tea, opium, wood and textiles were much needed for the european nations
Peasants and farmers would grow these things to help sustain the economy.
Another thing that affected the environment was the natural resources that were found in India.
This region had gold, silver, gems as well as other metals that the western nations needed and therefore were mined and traded. Jewelry was also another thing these metals were used for.
Ch 19- Gunpowder Empires." University High World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.
Economic and Social Developments under the Mughals." Part2_17. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.
"Mughal Empire." Gale Encyclopedia of World History: Governments. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2008. World History in Context. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.
It is also important to remember the social stress between the Hindus and the preexisting Muslims experienced
Some Mughal kings gave Hindus power but others towards the end of the empire Taxed the Hindus ill treated them and made them second class citizens. The hate and anger caused the Hindus to rebel and the increasing presence of western countries eventually caused the empire to collapse. The ri
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