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Traumatic Brain Injury

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Kelsi McNamara

on 2 November 2016

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Transcript of Traumatic Brain Injury

What is it?
IDEA definition: “an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.”

Head injuries that result in impairments in areas like cognition, language, memory, sensory, physical functioning, and more

** Brain injuries that are hereditary or caused by birth complications do not fall under TBI**
History
Since the 1960's, the rate of mortality reduced significantly because of the advancement of technology and hospitals.

1970's and 80's there was programs developed that started the movement for rehabilitation for people with TBI
National Head Injury Association

In the 2000's with the large number of TBI's from military, treatment and prevention research increased a lot
Causes
Symptoms
Cognitive:
mental confusion, difficulty thinking straight, memory
Behavioral:
abnormal laughing, aggression, irritability
Whole Body:
balance issues, blackout, fainting
Mood:
anger, anxiety
Sensory:
sensitivity to light or sound
Speech:
slurred speech
More Info on TBI
Can use the
Glasgow Coma Scale
(created in the 1970s)
-15 point scale that measures
motor response
(points from 6-1)
verbal response
(5-1)
eye function
(4-1)
-add up all the points:
mild
is 13-15,
moderate
is 9-12,
severe
3-8
Assistive Technology
is huge with patients who suffer brain injuries
Prevalence
In the U.S about 1.5 million people suffer each year

0.4% suffer from TBI under the law IDEA
Traumatic Brain Injury
Education
Every child with TBI requires specific needs based on their injury.

The accommodations for the students are based of their injury

IDEA requires that any necessary technology is given to the student

Placed in the least restrictive classroom, but in that the teacher still needs to be aware
Teacher's knowledge of TBI
Top 3 causes :
-Car Accident
-Firearms
-Falls

These can cause open head injuries or closed head injuries

Other causes:
-exposed to chemicals
-Hypoxia (lack of oxygen)
-Tumors
-Stroke
-Other infections
References:
http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Returning-To-School-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury

http://www.springerpub.com/w/nursing/blog-the-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury-treatment/

http://www.traumaticbraininjury.com/symptoms-of-tbi/diagnosis/
Full transcript