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Melanoma

Details, symptoms, cure, etc.
by

Chelsey Christensen

on 25 April 2012

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Transcript of Melanoma

Melanoma What is melanoma? Melanoma is a cancer that starts in a certain type of skin cell. It is
the deadliest of the 3 types of skin cancers. To understand melanoma,
it helps to know about the normal function of the skin. The skin is the largest organ in your body. It does several different things:

Covers the interal organs and protects from injury
Serves as a barrier to germs such as bacteria
Prevents the loss of too much water and other fluids
Helps control body temperature New cells form when the body does
not need them, and old cells do not
die when they should. These extra
cells can form a mass of tissue called
a growth, or tumor. Not all tumors are
cancerous. Tumors - the difference between
moles and melanoma Benign Skin Tumor Benign tumors are not
cancer. They are also
known as moles. They are
rarely life-threatening. Malignant Skin Tumor Malignant tumors are cancer, or melanoma. These
tumors can be life-threatening. They can be removed
but can also grow back. They can damage nearby tissue
and organs. If cancer cells break away from the
tumor, they may enter the bloodstream or lympathic
system. This can cause tumors in other organs. This
process is called metastasis. WHO IS AT RISK FOR DEVELOPING MELANOMA?
(2009) ETHNICITY APPROX. RISK Caucasian 1 in 50
Asian 1 in 250
Hispanic 1 in 250
African-American 1 in 1,000 Explanation: the lighter skin you have, the easier
it is for your skin to become damaged
by the sun Other Uncontrollable Risk Factors 50 or more normal moles
One atypical mole
Red or blond hair, blue or green eyes, and/or light complexion
Heavily freckled with no atypical moles
Personal history of non-melanoma skin cancer
10 or more atypical moles
Personal history of melanoma
Two immediate family members (parent, child, sibling) have had melanoma
Many atypical moles and one immediate family member has had melanoma Controllable Risk Factors Intermittent exposure of normally covered skin to strong sunlight
One blistering sunburn under age 20
Three or more blistering sunburns under age 20
One tanning bed session under age 35
10 or more tanning bed sessions in a year under age 30 About Melanoma: Predicted New Invasive U.S. Cases (2009) Symptoms of Melanoma There are definite signs that a mole is suspicious and should
be seen by a doctor. If you have a mole that is: Getting bigger
Changing shape, particularly getting an irregular edge
Changing color - (darker, patchy, multi-shaded)
Itching or painful
Bleeding
Looks inflamed Men vs. Women This is where melanoma is most likely
to develop on men and women. Treatment Melanoma often requires a team of specialists. (A dermatologist,
surgeon, plastic surgeon, medical oncologist 'cancer specialist') Surgery is the first treatment to remove the tumor. Other options
are chemotherapy, biological therapy, and radiation therapy. State 1 Melanoma State 2 Melanoma Stage 3 Melanoma Stage 4 Melanoma Hope for Survival Though it is the deadliest skin cancer, the
survival rate for patients diagnosed with
melanoma is increasing according to a new
study.

Melanoma is curable if it's caught early.
Research showed that 80% of patients diagnosed
between 1976-1989 had a ten year survival rate,
while 88.6% of patients diagnosed between 1990-
2001 survived.
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