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Understanding K to 12 Basic Education Program

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Ruth Dela Cruz

on 26 October 2015

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Transcript of Understanding K to 12 Basic Education Program

Salient Features
JHS and SHS Curriculum
What is K to 12
Enhanced Basic Education Program?
The K to 12 Program covers 13 years of basic education with the following key stages:

“Education is the key to the
long-term problems of the
country. If we fix basic education,
we fix the long-term problems of the
country. And if we fix the country’s
problems, we will build a truly
strong society. . .”
-Pres. Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III

10-Point Basic Education Agenda
1. 12-Year Basic Education Cycle
2. Universal Kindergarten
3. Madaris Education
4. Technical-Vocational Education
5. Every Child a Reader by Grade One
6. Science and Math Proficiency
7. GASTPE (Gov. Assistance to Student and Teachers to
Private Education)
8. Medium of Instruction
9. Quality Textbooks
10. Covenant with LGUs

The Philippines is the only
remaining country in Asia
with a 10-year
pre-university program.

The majority who do not
go to college are too young to enter the labor force. Thus, they would either be unemployed or be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices.

The few, (only 23%) who would proceed
to tertiary education, usually have to
undergo remedial and high school level classes in colleges and universities.

Those who graduate (17%) may not be
recognized as professionals abroad.

The Washington Accord prescribes 12 years of basic education as an entry to recognition of engineering professionals.

The Bologna Accord requires 12 years of education for university admission and practice of profession in European countries.

“We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.”
-Pres. Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III
A 13 -year program is found to be the best period for learning under basic education. It is also the recognized standard for students and professionals globally.
Strengthening Early Childhood Education
(Universal Kindergarten)
Making the Curriculum Relevant to Learners
(Contextualization and Enhancement)
Ensuring Integrated and Seamless Learning (Spiral Progression)
Building Proficiency through Language
(Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education)
Gearing Up for the Future ( Senior High School)
Nurturing the Holistically Developed Filipino
(College and Livelihood Readiness)
At 5 years old, children start schooling and are given the means to slowly adjust to formal education.

Examples, activities, songs, poems, stories, and illustrations are based on local culture, history, and reality. This makes the lessons relevant to the learners and easy to understand.
Subjects are taught from the simplest
concepts to more complicated concepts
through grade levels in spiral progression.
As early as elementary, students gain
knowledge in areas such as Biology,
Geometry, Earth Science, Chemistry,
and Algebra. This ensures a mastery
of knowledge and skills after each level.
Aside from the Mother Tongue, English and Filipino are taught as subjects starting Grade 1, with a focus on oral fluency. From Grades 4 to 6, English and Filipino are gradually introduced as languages of instruction. Both will become primary languages of instruction in Junior High School (JHS) and Senior High School (SHS).

After Grade 1, every student can read in his or her Mother Tongue. Learning in Mother Tongue also serves as the foundation for students to learn Filipino and English easily.
Learning Areas of Grade 1 to Grade 10
Grade 7-12 Core Curriculum and Career Paths
Filipino learners, in order to be globally
competitive, need to develop 21st century core skills (digital age literacy, inventive thinking, effective communication, and high productivity) and be functionally literate.
Aside from the development of 21st century core skills, the extended high school program should be packaged for the preparation of students for career and higher education. This is because secondary education is designed primarily to provide the transition from school to work and from school to further learning.

1. Are we ready for the K to 12?
2. Under K to 12, will Kindergarten
be a pre-requisite for entering
Grade 1?
3. Is SHS really necessary? Must I
got to SHS?
4. If I choose not to go to SHS, what
happens to me?
Classrooms: DepEd has built 66,813 classrooms from 2010 to 2013. There are 33,608 classrooms completed and undergoing construction in 2014. As of DepEd is planning to establish 5,899 Senior High Schools nationwide. As of June 22, 2015, DepEd has issued provisional permits to 2,847 private schools set to offer Senior High School in 2016.
Teachers: From 2010-2014, DepEd has filled 128,105 new teacher items. DepEd is targeting two kinds of teachers: those who will teach the core subjects, and those who will teach the specialized subjects per track. DepEd will hire 37,000 teachers for Senior High School for 2016 alone.
Textbooks: Learning materials are being produced for elementary to junior high while textbooks for Senior High School (which has specialized subjects) are being bid out.
Curriculum: The K to 12 curriculum is standards- and competence-based. It is inclusive and built around the needs of the learners and the community. The curriculum is done and is available on the DepEd website. It is the first time in history that the entire curriculum is digitized and made accessible to the public.
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