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Transcript of Argumentative Essays
position statement or thesis statement in the introduction
of your argumentative essay. Appeals Tools for Argumentation In persuasive or argumentative writing, we try to convince others
to agree with our facts, share our values,
accept our argument and conclusions,
and adopt our way of thinking. Ethos: State your opinion clearly, in a sentence or two, within the first paragraph.
Define the scope of your argument. (The scope is the situation specific to your argument.) Then make an assertion that's open to debate. Example: The school lunch period should be lengthened to allow ample time for clubs to meet. Appeals are tools that try to engage the reader by making the argument interesting, appealing.
There are three types of appeals. An ethical appeal is used to convince your readers that you are fair, honest, moral, and well informed. They will then trust your values and intentions. History
Greece Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, established the following three tools for argumentation:
Rhetorical Devices are verbal techniques that add emphasis and appeal to emotions. Syntax is an important element of rhetoric. The following are other devices:
-repetition: the reuse of key words
-parallelism: similar grammatical structures
-slogans and saws: short, catchy phrases
-rhetorical questions: questions with obvious answers Pathos: An emotional appeal that that persuades the
reader by appealing to their emotions Logos: An appeal use to persuade the reader by
demonstrating that something is logical Evidence All arguments are supported by evidence to prove
the validity of the argument. Evidence is proof. Types of Evidence Logical Evidence: supported by logic or common sense
Empirical Evidence: supported by experience such as the result of a scientific experiment
Anecdotal Evidence: based on personal observations like your own experiences in life Rhetorical Devices