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Dependent and Independent Clauses
Transcript of Dependent and Independent Clauses
Easiest thing to remember is...
Independent clauses can stand alone
Dependent clauses cannot stand alone.
Before deciding whether a clause is dependent or
independent, the statement must have
Check that first!
1) She went to the store.
2) When she went to the store
Which is the independent and which is the
Well, which one is a complete thought?
Essentially, these sentences are the same, but when we add the marker word "
" the sentence becomes unclear.
We are left wondering what happened "when she went to the store."
The thought is incomplete.
Don't let these trick you..
Independent Clause Marker Words:
also, consequently, furthermore, however, moreover, nevertheless, and therefore.
What's the difference?
Dependent clauses often explain detail.
They often expand on the main independent clause, telling us more about the subject.
They might say when, how, or where something occurred.
that, which, whichever, who, whoever, whom, whose, whosever, whomever
Common Dependent Clause Marker Words:
Look for these marker words:
after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, if, in order to, since, though, unless, until, whatever, when, whenever, whether, and while.
2) When she went to the store...
Is the DEPENDENT clause.
It is NOT a complete thought.
By adding the word "when" to the beginning, we are left wondering what happened "when she went to the store.."
What is a clause?
A clause is a group of words that
ALWAYS has a subject and a VERB.
If it does not have a verb or a subject, it is either a fragment or a phrase!
Example: I was happy
because I got an A.
Without the independent clause, "I was happy," the dependent clause would not make sense.
Without the dependent clause, the independent clause would simply be less clear and less detailed.