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Transcript of Essay Writing
A thesis statement takes some sort of stand.
Example - ( ^_^)-b Essay Writing Project The element of the structure within the essay. Description of an essay and the different forms Properly Cite references if needed How is an essay structured? Can I distinguish between a strong and weak thesis statement? What is a thesis statement?
A thesis statement is a statement that clarifies the main argument for the rest of the essay. It's the most important element of an essay. There should be two parts of a thesis statement, the first part states the topic and the second part states the point of the essay. Essay Types
The ability to write effectively is one of the critical skills that everyone must have in schools and universities.
Writing skills development with every essay serving its own purpose using these common types such as: Expository Essay; Persuasive Essay; Informal Essay; Literary Essay; Argumentative Essay; Cause and Effect Essay; Compare and Contrast Essay; and The Review. http://www.wikihow.com/Cite-Sources For the essay to make sense and it's convincing to the readers, it's need to be well presented with the general structure of introduction, body, and conclusion. The different elements for the Introduction.
• General statement or familiar with the topic.
• Brief summary of the main topic/argument/points made in the essay.
•Thesis statement Then there's the body paragraphs Which will contain 3 or more topic
Along with 3 or more supporting
sentences to each topic sentences which helps build up more understanding to each topic and expand or explains more points
about the topic. And last is the Conclusion Just restating or summarizing the main points in the body paragraphs and a final comment if it's needed website: http://unilearning.uow.edu.au/essay/4bi.html Why should your essay contain a thesis statement?
to test your ideas distilling them into a sentence or two.
to better organize and develop your argument.
to provide your reader with a "guide" to your argument. The Expository Essay The expository essay is the mainly to explain, or for the readers to be aware of something. It also can be used to describe, to present or explain information. A lot of research and preparation is required to write an expository essay.
Expository writing is another way of showing understanding of a topic that had been given.
Expository essays will take about 5 or more paragraphs, but it's always recommended to write them in a larger size. No matter what the size, it should have an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. The Persuasive Essay The persuasive essay is to persuading your readers about something, in other words, your essay is the persuasive one.
With this type of writing, not only your proving your point, but also you are persuading your readers that your point of view is more logically, very well written and founded.
To write this kind of essay, it's very important to choose a side in advance, making it into a case, with anticipating alternative arguments and finding ways to prove someone wrong.
You must be aware of other sides of the argument and be fair to them, allow them to leave will weaken your own argument.
It's important to take the side what you believe in with a lot of evidences supporting your side. The Informal Essay The Informal Essay is just the type of essay that people write for enjoyment, expression, not so much of formal but it's just with more relaxed expression of opinion.
A good informal essay has a relaxed style but retains a strong structure, though the structure may be less rigid.
The informal essay is not persuasive or informative, but it treads to be written personal, or directly speaking to the readers in a conversational manner.
Don't worry about writing academic, but make sure it makes sense. The Review The review can be formal or informal, depending on the context.
The goal is to evaluate a specific piece, either on a subject, movie, essays, stories, projects, any piece to evaluate on.
The observation of the review will be determined by how much work of the essay is analysis, how much is summarized, and how much is your reaction to the work you are reviewing. The Literary Essay The literary essay you are going to explore in this essay is the meaning and construction of a piece of literature. A task like this is more complicated than reviewing, however though the two are similar to evaluate. In a review you are discussing the overall and how much effort they put in, while in a literary essay you are paying greater attention to the specifics and important parts within the essay.
A literary essay focuses on elements such as structure, character, theme, style, tone, and subtext. Simply put to make it easier to understand, you are taking a piece of writing and trying to figure out or discover how and why it is put together the way that it is in the essay. That's a skill to adapt to have a viewpoint on the work in questing and show how the details of the work support your viewpoint.
A literary essay is your own interpretation, and a mixture of your opinions and references to the criticism of others, very much like a research paper. Beware of plagiarism and of letting opinions of more experienced writers overrun your own response to the work. Last but not least, make some notes on it before looking at any other opinions. The Research Essay The research essay will lead you into the work of others and you will compare their thoughts with your own. Writing a research essay involves going through a lot of source materials and synthesizing what you learned from it with your own ideas. You must find texts on a specific subject and use them to support the topic you have been given to explore. Since it's easy to get lost in the essay with research, it's difficult to try writing them in your own words without doing any plagiarism, but if you can do the research and add in your own words that's original, the research essay wouldn't be a problem after all. The Argumentative Essay The Cause and Effect Essay The Comparison and Contrast Essay Identify The MLA Style The art of an argumentative essay is not an easy skill to acquire. Many people think an argumentative essay is only picking the opinions and then try agreeing on which side, but it's not that simple. Picking a difficult topic then do research on it, not simple enough, why this skill is difficult to acquire is that if you pick a topic you are not familiar with at all or know little bit of it, you are going to lose the argument, and picking the world issues is also difficult and impossible to "Win".
To write an argumentative essay, just pick a topic you know very well and also have facts and research to back you up for what you believe in, and know both sides of the story, but to be fair however, you'll have to become the expert on the issue, and avoid writing about issues that can't be won, no matter how strongly you might feel about them, it's an essay that you want to win in the end. The cause and effect essay will includes elements of writing that might be considered more professional than those a narrative or descriptive essay might include. It's important for instance, that your tone be reasonable, and that your presentation is actually occurring and believable. Sources are frequently used in a cause and effect paper, and your choices of the sources is important as they represent the accurate of your paper. Additionally, writing the first-person point of view will not work, you should make an attempt to sound objective and impartial.
The purpose of a cause and effect paper is to be as convincing as possible to the readers and convince the readers to accept the cause and effect as fact. The main purpose of comparison and contrast essay is obvious - to find the similarities and dissimilarities between the two or more objects or things. This kind of writing is required to be the observer, in other words, doesn't have to do any research or anything specific referencing. This type of essay is always subjective in nature, and writers are always required to come up with differences or similarities they are able to point out and analyze. There are different comparison and contrast patterns for these essays, yet overall essay structure should remain unchanged: the comparison and contrast essay should at least have an introduction, a few body paragraphs and a conclusion. Don't forget for the last few tips to use the so-called cue words such as "on the one hand/on the other hand, this is such/in contrast, however, like, as, well, too, unlike, though, but etc" to be more logical writing this essay. Website www.privatewriting.com/types-of-essays.html For complete understanding of the essays. Can I properly identify a soild title page? Modern Languages Association (MLA) a title page is required on all formal essays. It is an easy and effective way to present essential information. Citations within your paper
MLA Style uses brief citations within the text of a paper immediately after a quote, a reference to a source, or a paraphrase. The brief citation gives the author and page number of the source you are referring to, allowing readers to locate the full citation in your Works Cited list.
Pythagoras invented the monochord (Smith 182).
Smith believed that Pythagoras invented the monochord (182).
In both examples, the complete information about the work by Smith would appear in the Works Cited list after Smith's name. If you cite more than one work published by Smith, you would distinguish the works by including a shortened version of the title: e.g. (Smith, Survey 182). Works Cited List (Bibliography) Books | Articles | Websites | Other
The following are examples of the most commonly used sources. For examples not given here, refer to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.
MLA Style requires that you indicate the "medium" of publication, such as: Print, Web, CD, MP3 file, Audiocassette, DVD, Videocassette, E-mail, or Microform. For more examples see the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.
If any required information is not available, MLA Style requires that you use special abbreviations to indicate that the information is unavailable
(n.p. - no publisher, n.d. - no publication date, n.pag. - no page number). MLA Style on Books MLA Style on Articles Using MLA Style on Websites And MLA style on Others Book with One Author:
Author Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Medium.
Grenfell, Wilfred Thomason. Adrift on an Ice Pan. St. John's: Creative, 1992. Print.
Book with More Than One Author:
Katona, Steven K., Valerie Rough, and David T. Richardson. A Field Guide to the Whales, Porpoises, and Seals from Cape Cod to
Newfoundland. 4th ed. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993. Print.
Book with More Than Three Authors:
Storey, Keith, et al. Family Life Impacts of Offshore Oil and Gas Employment. St. John's: Memorial University of
Newfoundland, Institute of Social and Economic Research, 1989. Print. Journal Article (Print):
"Print" refers to journals published in paper format.
Author Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Article." Name of Journal Volume. Issue (Year): Pages. Medium.
Cox, Gordon. "A Newfoundland Christmas Caroling Tradition." Folk Music Journal 3.3 (1977): 242-60. Print.
Journal Article (Article Index):
If you accessed the article using one of the Library's Article Indexes (e.g. Wilson Omnifile, Art Index, Academic Search Premier).
Author. "Title of Article." Name of Journal Volume. Issue (Year): Pages. Name of Article Index. Medium. Date you accessed it.
Thomas, Gerald. "Functions of the Newfoundland Outhouse." Western Folklore 48.3 (1989): 221-43. JSTOR. Web. 27 Oct. 2008. Entire Website:
Author Lastname, Firstname (if available). Name of Site. Name of institution/organization affiliated with site (sponsor or publisher),
date site was created (if available). Medium. Date you accessed it.
Folk Arts Society: Living our Traditions. The Folk Arts Society, n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2010.
Page/Document on a Website:
Author (if available). "Title of Page." Name of Site. Name of institution/organization affiliated with site (sponsor or publisher),
date (if available). Medium. Date you accessed it.
Rose, Crystal. "How to Write Citations and Bibliographies in MLA Style (7th Edition)." Memorial University Libraries. Memorial
University of Newfoundland, 12 Dec. 2011. Web. 9 Jan. 2012. Class Lecture | Class Notes on Course Website | Coursepack | Dictionary/Encyclopedia | Dissertation/Thesis | Government Document | Graphic Novel | Interview | Movie
Instructor's Lastname, Firstname. Course Name and Number. University name, Location. Day Mon. Year. Medium.
Lewis, Robert. Folklore 2230: Newfoundland Society and Culture. Memorial University, St. John's, NL. 5 Feb. 2011. Class lecture.
Class Notes on Course Website (D2L or My Grenfell):
Instructor's Lastname, Firstname. Course Name and Number. University, Day Mon. Year. (if available). Medium. Date you accessed it.
Dalton, Mary. ENGL 3155: Newfoundland Literature. Memorial University, n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2012. Edited Book:
State the editor(s) followed by a comma and "ed." for one editor, or "eds." for multiple editors.
Kelly, Ursula, and Elizabeth Yeoman, eds. Despite this Loss: Essays on Culture, Memory and Identity in Newfoundland and
Labrador. St. John's, NL: Iser Books, 2010. Print.
Edited Book (Editor in Addition to Author):
When editors' names follow the title, only use "Ed." (not "Eds.") as it refers to "Edited by".
Seary, Edgar Ronald. Place Names of the Northern Peninsula. Ed. Robert Hollett and William J. Kirwin. St. John's:
Memorial University of Newfoundland, Institute of Social and Economic Research, 2000. Print.
Chapter/Article in an Edited Book:
Author Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Chapter/Article." Title of Book. Ed. Editor Firstname Lastname. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.
Handcock, W. Gordon. "English Migration to Newfoundland." Peopling of Newfoundland: Essays in Historical Geography.
Ed. John J. Mannion. St. John's: Memorial University of Newfoundland, Institute of Social and Economic Research,
1977. 15-48. Print. Translated Book
After the title, add "Trans." followed by the translator's Firstname Lastname.
Carrier, Roch. La Guerre, Yes Sir!. Trans. Sheila Fischman. Toronto: Anansi, 1970. Print.
Author Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Title of Database or Website. Medium. Date you accessed it.
Hubbard, Jennifer Mary. A Science on the Scales: The Rise of Canadian Atlantic Fisheries Biology, 1898-1939. Toronto:
University of Toronto Press, 2006. ebrary. Web. 9 Apr. 2009.
Tocque, Philip. Newfoundland: As It Was, And As It Is In 1877. Toronto: John B. Magurn, 1878. Google Book Search.
Web. 9 Apr. 2009. Edition of a Book (other than the first):
Add the number of the edition after the title, and after the name of any editor(s), translator(s), or compilers(s).
Butt, Kirk R. Early Settlers of Bay St. George. 2nd ed. Whitby, ON: Boonen Books, 2007. Print.
Volume of a Book:
Add the volume number after the title, and after the edition.
Parsons, Robert. Lost at Sea. Vol. 2. St. John's: Creative Publishers, 1992. Print. Website: http://www.library.mun.ca/guides/howto/mla.php Journal Article (Internet):
Author. "Title of Article." Name of Journal Volume. Issue (Year): Pages. Medium. Date you accessed it.
Lackenbauer, Whitney P. "War, Memory, and the Newfoundland Regiment at Gallipoli." Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 15.2
(1999): 176-214. Web. 6 Sept. 2009.
Newspaper Article (Print):
Author. "Title of Article." Name of Newspaper Day Mon. Year: Pages. Medium.
Hudson, Catherine. "Sunken Boat Discovered in Deer Lake." Western Star [Corner Brook] 16 Oct. 2009: 3. Print.
Newspaper Article (Article Index):
If you accessed the article using one of the Library's Article Indexes (e.g. Factiva, CBCA Complete).
Author. "Title of Article." Name of Newspaper Day Mon. Year: Pages. Name of Article Index. Medium. Date you accessed it.
Pitts, Gordon. "The Fishery is Dead; Long Live the Fishery." Globe and Mail 18 Feb. 2008: B3. CBCA Complete. Web. 27 Aug. 2009 Article in a Web Magazine:
Author. "Title of Article." Name of Magazine. Name of Publisher, Day Mon. Year: Pages. Medium. Date you accessed it.
Moher, Frank. "Son of the Rock." Backofthebook.ca: Canada's Online Magazine. Single Lane Media, 11 Oct 2008: n.pag.
Web. 14 Jan. 2009. Coursepack:
If you need to cite a source from a custom course package, here are two suggestions from SFU's MLA Citation Guide. However, it's best to first check with the course instructor.
1. Find the full citation where the article, chapter, etc. was originally published and cite accordingly. The full citations MAY be included in the coursepack. If not, search the library's catalogue or article indexes, Google Scholar, or ask a librarian.
2. Treat the coursepack as an anthology and the course instructor as compiler:
Author Lastname, Firstname. "Title." Title of Coursepack. Comp. Instructor's Firstname Lastname. Course
name and number (if it's not apparent from coursepack title). University, Location.
Semester. Pages. Medium.
Pittman, Al. "Becky's Waltz." Newfoundland Literature. Comp. Marc Thackray. English 2155. Memorial University,
Corner Brook, NL. Winter 2009. N. pag. Print. Dictionary/Encyclopedia (Print):
For commonly used or well-known reference books, do not give full publication information; only provide edition and year of publication.
Author (if available). "Title of Entry." Dictionary/Encyclopedia Name. Ed. Editor's name. Edition. Volume. Year of Publication. Medium.
Jamieson, Donald C. "I Saw the Fight for Confederation." The Book of Newfoundland. Ed. Joseph R. Smallwood. Vol. 3. 1967. Print.
Author (if available). "Title of Entry." Dictionary/Encyclopedia Name. Name of institution/organization affiliated with site
(sponsor or publisher). Date of Publication. Medium. Date you accessed it.
"Moose." Encyclopaedia Britannica Online: Academic Edition. Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc. 2009. Web. 29 Feb. 2009. Dissertation or Thesis (Print):
Author Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Dissertation/Thesis." Diss. Name of University, Year. Medium.
Breslin, Samantha. "Living with Music: An Ethnography of Sessions in St. John's, Newfoundland." Diss. Memorial University of
Newfoundland, 2011. Print.
Government Document, Canadian (Print):
Country or Province. Name of Government Agency. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Medium.
Newfoundland and Labrador. Dept. of Tourism, Culture, and Recreation. A Cultural Policy for Newfoundland and Labrador. St. John's, NL:
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Recreation, 2002. Print.
Government Document, Canadian (Internet):
Country or Province. Name of Government Agency. "Title of Document." Name of Website. Name of institution/organization affiliated
with site, document date. Medium. Date you accessed it.
Canada. Dept. of Canadian Heritage. "Meeting the Sovereign and Members of the Royal Family." Canadian Heritage. Canada. Dept. of
Canadian Heritage, 14 Oct. 2010. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. Graphic Novel:
Many graphic novels are created through collaboration. Begin the entry with the name of the person whose contribution is most relevant to your research, following it with a label identifying the person's role. List other collaborators after the title in the order in which they appear on the graphic novel's title page, also identifying their roles. For a graphic novel created entirely by one person, cite it like a book with one author.
Miller, Frank, writer. Batman: The Dark Knight Returns. Illustrated by Klaus Janson. Colored by Lynn Varley. Lettered by John
Costanza. New York: DC Comics, 1997. Print.
Name of person interviewed. Type of interview (Personal interview, Telephone interview). Date of interview Day Mon. Year.
Smith, John. Personal interview. 12 Nov. 2010.
Title. Dir. Director's name. Name of Studio/Production Company/Distributor, year. Medium.
Down to the Dirt. Dir. Justin Simms. Newfoundland Films Inc, 2008. Film. The purpose for citing is to let readers know that a specific piece of information you're providing has a source, other than your own observation or reasoning. In many cases, the strength and credibility of your work depends on the validity of your sources, as well as your ability to represent those sources clearly without plagiarizing. Even if you fail to cite a source, or cite improperly, without meaning to do so, the consequences can be just as dire as if you did it on purpose, especially in academic and professional settings. the title page has a specific format which must be observed- Step Two: Gather the following information There are some negative and posititve aspects to the Banana Herb Tea Supplement. Weak: About each source. First you need to find out what kind of information you'll need from each type of source. If you're using a strict format that requires the copyright year of each book you refer to, it can be a pain to go through all of your research without knowing this, then have to go back, find all the books at the library, and determine the copyright date. Generally, it's better to record more information than less, just in case. this is a weak statement the because it fails to take a stand. Second the phrase "negative and posititve" aspects is vague. Strong: "Because Banana Herb supplement promotes rapid weight loss that results in the loss of muscle and lean body mass, it poses a potential danger to customers." Books - Full names of all authors, title of book, city of publication, publisher's name, year of publication. If the book is published by an organization and the individual authors aren't listed, write down the full name of the organization. For electronic books, also record the URL and date of access. This is a strong thesis statement because it takes a stand, and because it is specfic. Encyclopedias and dictionaries - Also get the full name of the author who wrote the entry (if it is given), the entry title, the number of volumes in the set, and the edition. Write down the volume you're using and the page numbers, unless the content is organized alphabetically.
Anthologies and collections - Note the author and the title of individual work you're citing (poem, play, short story, etc.), the full names of any editors and compilers, and the page number(s). If the work was previously published in another book, record the information for the original source as described above Journal articles - Journal title, article title, author name(s), volume and issue number of the journal, date of publication, and page numbers of the article. If it is an online journal, also record the page or paragraph numbers (if applicable), URL, and the date you accessed the site. If you are accessing the article through a database, also record the database name.
Magazine articles - Author(s), title of article, title of magazine, volume number (if applicable), date of publication, and page(s). For online magazines, get the date of access and URL as well. If you access the magazine through a database, find the vendor/supplier of database, database name, accession number of article (if applicable), and the date of access. Newspaper articles - Author of article, title of article, name of newspaper, date of publication, and the section, page and column location of article. If the newspaper is online, get the URL and date of access, too. If you found the newspaper article in a database, write down the URL, date of access, database, and library through which article was accessed (name, city, and state).
Websites - Author (if given), title of work, group responsible for the site (if applicable), date site was last updated, date of access, and URL. If you have trouble finding everything except the last two items, you might want to reconsider the validity of this source. For postings, also get the title of posting, post number (if numbered), date of posting, URL the post was made to, and URL of message archives. Government documents - If published by the US government, get the issuing agency, title of the document, number of the Congress, session number of Congress, place of publication, date of publication, document number (if given), and SuDoc number.
Letters and interviews - Names of author and recipient (or interviewer and interviewee), date written/conducted, name of collection, name of depository, and the depository's location. Step 1: Evaluating the credibility of the source. Don't drag down the credibility of your publication by, for example, cavalierly citing unreliable sources. Step 3: Place a reference next to each statement that you've cited. When you're writing your final paper, be sure to keep track of which source each cited statement came from. How you do so depends on which format you're using. MLA - Author last name and page number in parentheses. If the author is already mentioned in the statement, just put the page number in parentheses. If there are two authors, name them both with "and" in the middle. Use commas if there are more than two authors. Place the citation before a punctuation mark.
E.g. Leaving the ground in sod increases the organic matter of the soil by 15% in 10 years (Alison 45). Turabian footnotes - Add a superscript number at the end of the statement to denote which source it is referring to. Even if you refer to the same source multiple times, it gets a new superscript number every time. Start the superscript numbers from 1 every time you start a new page.
E.g. Leaving the ground in sod increases the organic matter of the soil by 15% in 10 years.1 APA - Author last name (or organization name) and year in parentheses. Use commas. Add "p." and a space before the page number if the statement is a direct quote. If the author is already mentioned in the statement, put the year in parentheses next to the name (and put the page number in parentheses at the end of the statement, if applicable). Place the citation before a punctuation mark. If there are two or three authors in parentheses, use "&" instead of "and".
E.g. Leaving the ground in sod increases the organic matter of the soil by 15% in 10 years (Alison, 1987).
E.g. Allison (1987) asserted that "leaving the ground in sod increases the organic matter of the soil by 15% in 10 years" (p. 45). CSE Citation-Sequence - Add a superscript number at the end of the statement to denote which source it is referring to. Unlike with the Turabian footnotes, there's only one superscript number for each source. It's possible to have superscript numbers on one page that are out of order if a source was cited on a previous page. You can also cite multiple sources at once by specifying a range, or using a comma. The citation can go in the sentence or at the end, after punctuation.
E.g. Leaving the ground in sod increases the organic matter of the soil by 15% in 10 years.3 As discussed earlier in this paper, the root system of the sod aerates the soil.1 Multiple studies suggest that this is a phenomenon observed in every soil type.8-12 CSE Name-Year - Author last name and publication year in parentheses. If the author is already mentioned in the statement, just put the year in parentheses. If there are two authors, name them both with "and" in the middle. Use commas only if there are more than two authors. Place the citation before a punctuation mark.
E.g. Leaving the ground in sod increases the organic matter of the soil by 15% in 10 years (Alison 1987).
Chicago Manual of Style, author-date style recommended for natural and social sciences
Similar to MLA as described above.
Chicago Manual of Style, notes-bibliography format recommended for the humanities (literature.
Similar to Turabian footnotes as described above. Legal / Blue Book format used for citations to and in legal documents.
Depending on the type of work, may use in-line citations or footnotes/endnotes. The general format follows the form of case name or author and article name, followed by a comma, then [Volume Number] Authority Name [Page number of start of case/article or section number of statute], followed by the date in parenthesis. For example, Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803) (a case named Marbury v. Madison, found in the fifth volume of the reports of the U.S. Supreme Court, starting at page 137), 12 U.S.C. §3401 et seq. (a statute beginning at section 3401 of the 12th volume of the United States Code) and Warren and Brandeis, The Right to Privacy, 4 Harvard L.R. 193 (1890) (a journal article from the fourth volume of the Harvard Law Review). Step 4: Assemble the list of works cited or references. This is what the reader will refer to when they see a citation and want to find out where you got the information. It usually goes at the end of the work (except when you use Turabian footnotes) and is sometimes referred to as a bibliography (when it includes sources that were not directly cited). The following links contain guidelines and examples for commonly used styles:
MLA Website: http://www.wikihow.com/Cite-Sources title of essay
your full name
your instructors name
date of submission Style requirements that are required for an essay: Language usage- Point of view- first-person point of view is a natural choice for memoirs, autobiographical pieces, personal experience essays, and other forms of non-fiction.
The third-person point of view is more common in reports, research papers, critiques, biography, history, and traditional journalistic essays. Tense- There are hundreds of MLA style rules and lots of exceptions to the rules. Nothing sexist or rude. The title of a movie, book, song, or tv series should appear in either italics or underlining – but not both.Ensure that the meaning of each sentence is clear and precise. Each paragraph should begin with an indentation from the left margin. PROOF READ. Bibliography
http://staff.hartdistrict.org/dmoeller/How%20to%20Quote%20and%20How%20to%20Cite.htm Usually you always write in the present tense, its proper.