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Psychopathy

biology disease presentation
by

Elise Boccanfuso

on 3 June 2013

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Transcript of Psychopathy

Psychopathy Symptoms personality Cause Control childhood intervention Treatment Statistics behaviour callous
manipulative
glib
egocentric
lack empathy, anxiety, shame & remorse
interpersonal dominance
superficial charm
grandiose sense of self-worth impulsive
antisocial
poor behavioural controls = greater frequency of violence
pathological liars
parasitic lifestyles genes society psychopathy 0 40 psychopathy 30 medications therapy groups a therapist will adopt a caring role to help psychopathic individuals talk about their emotions and behaviour microchips within 8 years
replace disfunctional brain parts empathy training positive parenting Children who display psychopathic tendencies (callous-unemotional, antisocial behaviour) are genetically and neurocognitively vulnerable to developing psychopathy. teaching children how to recognise and respond to other people's emotions + parental involvement using consistent rewards future: 1% of general popultion 20% of prison population 50% of violent crime = $1000 billion more likely to more likely to 7x 2x murder a stranger commit other crimes 3x more likely to recidivate 3 - 5x more likely to recidivate violently Female prison population 17% 25 - 30% Male prison popultion Native Americans and Blacks
Whites
East Asians Prevalence: environmental isult prefrontal cortex dysfunction of: other associated regions: reduced connectivity between: brain pathophysiology: reduced grey matter amygdala processes emotional reactions & fear, recognition/understanding of sad faces anterior cingulate cortex motivating and regulating behaviour (impulse control, decision making), empathy, emotion = psychopath ventromedial prefrontal cortex emotion, social & moral behaviour and decision making behaviour, restraining mechanisms, personality expression, decision making 1. amygdala &
anterior ventromedial prefrontal cortex 2. dorsal anterior cingulate cortex
& insular cortex hippocampus
striatum
anterior temporal cortex consolidates information from
short-term to long-term memory altered shape & volume reward pathway - motivation, behaviour
learning & memory Increase in volume - 10% http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F7SYdi36D3g#t=10m29s processing sensory input, emotion, deriving meaning thinning can treat associated symptoms e.g. antipsychotics, antidepressants, mood stabilisers
to reduce irritability, aggression & impulsivity associated with disorder high early drop-out rates
low motivation
exacerbates condition (?) ethical issues (ethical issues)
Full transcript