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Political Cartoons\

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Ruoxin Wang

on 8 January 2011

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Transcript of Political Cartoons\

Political Cartoons in the Civil War History of Political Cartoons Political Cartoons include caricature and allusion Caricature is the parody of a person or group Allusion creates the situation or context the person is placed in Caricature can be traced back to Leonardo Da Vinci's explorations in the grotesque form of beauty. Became known as "counter-art" and was not publically displayed at first. Early American Political Cartoons Benjamin Franklin
Created for the Revolutionary War. Gave the message that without unity between the colonies, they will not win the Revolution Published in the Massachusetts Centinal Newspaper. Showed the ratification of the Constitution and the hand of God pushing Massachusett's column upright. Civil War Political Cartoons Early Civil War Cartoon.
Dispicted Lincoln as disrespecting and burning the Constitution and States' Rights. Anti-south cartoon. Showed the Drunk and deadly southerners attacking the defenseless Union. Played on Southern stereotypes at the time. This cartoon dispicted the enourmous financial cost of the war.
The government loans, which at this point total over $500 million supplies soldiers with the weapons and supplies they need and is waving them off to battle. "What are you going to the War for, JIM? You can't fight ; you're too fat."

"Well, if I can't fight, I can't RUN and disgrace myself, any way." Shows the high desertion rates of the war and how after their time in the army was up, many soldiers refused to fight anymore. Significance of Political Cartoons Matured mostly during the Civil War Era. Racial issues provided early cartoonists with plenty of material to work with. Abolitionist and proslavery sentiments were expressed in popular images of Africans. The rising literacy rate among Northern whites (89% by 1850) meant that cartoons' textual content could be more easily understood by its readers. Steam powered printing presses allowed faster production of newspapers and cartoons. Shows the brutality of the areas affected by the war Another picture showing the result of the war in Virginia Shows the Emancipation of Slaves and has an overall good message to viewers A generic newspaper at the time with many articles and political cartoons. Publications of Thomas Nast Thomas Nast Biography Developed the modern day Democratic and Republican Party symbols: The Donkey and the Elephant respectively. Self Portrait Considered Father of the American Cartoon He also developed the modern idea of Santa Claus The Tweed Ring publications are widely considered to be one of the most influencial publications in American cartoonist history. Nast's drawings were crucial to take down William Tweed's "Ring" Which took control of most of New York's Government. The Brains Who Stole the Money? Tweed feared Nast's campaign so much that he tried to bribe him, $500,000 so that he will travel to Europe and and study art. Nast turned this offer down and pressed his attack. Let Us Prey Tweed was arrested in 1873 and convicted of fraud. During his incarceration, Tweed attempted to escape by fleeing to Spain, officials in Spain were able to identify Tweed by using one of Nast's cartoons. During the Civil War J. DAVIS' SHOW. GREAT SOUTHERN GYASCUTIS. STIFFEST BACK-BONE EVER GROWN. CANT BE BROKEN. Figures and text from left to right:
-Jefferson Davis with Gyascutis labeled REBELLION on chain.
-Defeated man, seated figure with small hammer labeled COMPROMISE.
-Henry W. Halleck wields mallet labeled SKILL.
-George McClellan wields mallet labeled STRATEGY.
-Edwin M. Stanton holds mallet labeled DRAFT.
-Lincoln shoulders an axe labeled EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION. Compromise Columbia: Mr. Lincoln, give me back my 500.000 sons!

Lincoln: Well the fact is---by the way that reminds me of a STORY!!!

Created a great deal of nationalism which caused young men to enlist in the army to fight. Lincoln Writing the Emancipation Proclamation
Adalbert J. Volck, Baltimore, 1864. Lincoln's foot rests on a copy of the Constitution and is using the devil's inkpot to write the Emancipation Proclamation. On the wall hangs a portrait of John Brown, labeled "St. Ossawotomie." Devil's Inkpot John Brown aka St. Ossaotomie Constitution Gave an outlook from both the Abolitionism and Pro-slavery sides. Showed the point of view of slaves during the war. Showed what many whites believed would be the outcome of the Emancipation Proclamation and Lincoln's Presidency.
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