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Phases of Matter


Emily Holdsworth

on 6 April 2016

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Transcript of Phases of Matter

Phases of Matter
-Have a definite (fixed) shape
-Have definite (fixed) volume.

-No definite (fixed) shape.
-Have a definite (fixed) volume

Have no definite (fixed) shape
Have no definite (fixed) volume

-Have no definite (fixed) shape
-Have no definite (fixed) volume
-Consists of charged particles called ions

(Melting Point)
(Boiling Point)
(Freezing Point)
Carpi, A., & Ph.D.. (n.d.). Matter: States of Matter | Chemistry | Visionlearing. Visionlearning. Retrieved September 14, 2012, from http://www.visionlearning.com/library/module_viewer.php?mid=120
States of Matter -- Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma. (n.d.). Edinformatics -- Education for the Information Age . Retrieved September 14, 2012, from http://www.edinformatics.com/math_science
Classifying Matter. (n.d.). Test Sci-ber Text page. Retrieved September 14, 2012, from http://utahscience.oremjr.alpine.k12.ut
Kinetic Energy
Kinetic energy is the energy of motion.

An object that has motion - whether it is vertical or horizontal motion - has kinetic energy.
(Add Heat/Kinetic Energy)
(Add Heat/Kinetic Energy)
(Remove Heat/Kinetic Energy)
(Remove Heat/Kinetic Energy)

is a general process in which molecules separate or split into smaller particles.

is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons.

What are the 4 phases of matter?
Pair share and come up with a list with your tablemates.
Try Filling in the Chart on to see how to change a substance from a solid to a liquid to a gas to a plasma.
Deposition also refers to the phase change from gas to solid
Sublimation is the transition from the solid phase to the gas phase without passing through an intermediate liquid phase .
Example: Dry ice is solid carbon dioxide. At room temperature and pressure, it sublimates into carbon dioxide vapor.
Water vapor to ice - Water vapor transforms directly into ice without becoming a liquid, a process that often occurs on windows during the winter months.
Physical vapor to film - Thin layers of material known as "film" are deposited onto a surface using a vaporized form of the film.
Molecular Structure of a Solid
A solids particle arrangement is tightly packed.
The particles in a solid are constantly vibrating and are close together.
As the temperature increases, the particles vibrate faster.

Solids have the lowest kinetic energy of all the phases of matter.
Molecular Structure of a Liquid
A liquids particle is free to move past each other easily.
They are close together but not in an even arrangement like a solid.

Liquids have a higher kinetic energy than a solid.
Molecular Structure of a Gas
The molecules in a gas are arranged in no particular pattern.
Gas molecules move rapidly and there is a larger space between the molecules in a gas compared to the molecules in a liquid or solid.

The kinetic energy of a gas higher than a solid's and a liquid's.
Molecular Structure of a Plasma
The molecules in a plasma are arranged in no particular pattern.
They move at the same rate a gas does.
Unlike a gas, plasmas can conduct electricity and respond to a magnetic field.
That’s because plasma consists of electrically charged particles.

Plasmas have the same kinetic energy as a gas.
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