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Was There Singapore Before 1819?
Transcript of Was There Singapore Before 1819?
In my opinion, I think there is Singapore before 1819.
The earliest Writing found in Singapore,10th-14th Century
As stated: This is a fragment from an inscribed monglish known as the Singapore Stone. It is the earliest writing found in Singapore.
As stated: These coins date to the Tang(618-907) and Northern Song (960-1127) dynasties but were in circulation here in the 14th-15th centuries. They were used for payment, but some could also have been melted down to make other objects at the metal workshops
Fort Canning hill, Bukit Larangan, Forbidden Hill:
There was evidence of Kings ruling the place before 1819, but it was unclear of how they lived.
Commoners were forbidden but due to the many stories, one of them went in and saw many plenty of fruits, such as pamello, lime , where craftsmen made fine things for the Royal Court, and there was also a grave for a famous King.
Pots and Jars belong to people who lived by the day in Singapore River.
Evidence shows that it was a busy place, where many people come from far to trade. Those who came to trade brought fine wares and came in different boats.
Wang Da Yuan
In the 1330s Wang Dayuan took advantage of the relaxed trade regulations under Mongol rule to travel extensively in Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean. He describes Temasek or “Dan-ma-xi” as comprising two settlements – “Banzu” (after the Malay word “pancur” or fresh-water spring), a peaceful trading port city under the rule of a local chief. The second settlement he describes as “Long-ya-men” (an area which likely stretched from Keppel Bay south to northwestern side of Sentosa and west to what is today Labrador Park), which was occupied by ferocious pirates who launched frequent attacks on passing merchant ships. Strangely, he also notes that Chinese lived here, "side by side with the natives". Perhaps he meant that they lived in Banzu, not Longya men. He also mentions some of the trade goods bartered in Temasek: red gold, cotton prints, blue satin, aromatic wood and fine hornbill casques.
As stated: The Sulalat Us-Salatin or Srjaraj Melayu (The Malay Annals) was probably compiled in the 16th Century. It contains stories that had been circulating by the oral tradition. Weaving the historical and the fantastical, it can be read as fiction, and for its insight into the beliefs and values of olden Singapura and Melaka. Its stories revolve around around the sultans and events occurring in these two places. There are various versions of the Sejarah Melayu which have been copied and editied through generations. Most existing manuscripts date from the 19th Century.
The sejarah Melayu states of how Sang Utama, and how the name ''Singapura came about. Singapura grew into a prsprous, thriving trading centre, and was envied by large empires like Majapahit for wanting to expand their territory and for their wealth. Singapore existed as a trading port (City) before 1819.
Orang Laut, or "Sea People" refer to sea nomads and sea gypsies. They were one of the earlier immigrants who inhabited along the coastline of Singapore island during pre-colonial days. The community typically lived off a long dwelling boat, known colloquially as sampan panjang or "long boat''.
If they were there to protect the other traders for them to reach their destination safely, that confirms one thing: there were traders in early Singapore, which proves the evident that it was a busy city
Gold ornaments were discovered in Fort Canning Hill in 1928, the ornaments to have been dated back to mid 14th Century
EarthernWare: Most of the earthenware were made locally. More earthernware cooking pots were found at archaeological sites near the Singapore River than those at Fort Canning Hill. The soot on the sherd of the round-bottomed pot indicates that it was placed over a stove.
stoneware: A large proportion of Chinese stoneware sherds were derived from the storage jars that were used as foodstuff containers. They were probably reused after their contents had been depleted. Common forms included round-bodied jars with lugs on the shoulders and small-mouthed jars which taper towards the base.
GreenWare: Of the various forms of Chinese greenware that have been discovered in Singapore, bowls were the most common type. Most bear-stamped, incised or moulded patterns
-Stated in the Museum-
The existence of fish hooks proves that there was fishing involved before 1819.
Neo Jia Hui
Summary: Temasik became a great and famous place visited by large numbers of foreigners. (Chinese settlers)
Pirates were lurking to raid the chinese junks. Imports and exports of goods, unique products, quality and type.
Chinese traders brought valuable goods to sell.
Singapore was a bustling trading centre in the 1330s and 1340s
What happened later?
Towards the end of 14th century, Parameswara, a Malay chief from Palembang in Sumatra murdered the local ruler in Singapura and made himself ruler of Singapura, he was then driven out of Singapura soon after.
Main Key Points
SEJARAH MELAYU: It was stated that Singapura was a thriving trading centre which was the envy of many large Kingdoms
WANG DA YUAN: It was stated that Singapura was a great and famous place visited by large number of traders and foreigners.
Parameswara murdered the local ruler of Singapura and made himself ruler, but was driven out soon after
Parameswara fled to Muar then to Melaka, established a proprous trading port city which took away most of the trade of Singapura.
Singapura lost its importance and became a sleeping, isolated fishing village
After many years, Raffles stepped foos on shore in Singapura.
Parameswara fled to Muar and then Malaka, where he established into a prosprous trading port city which took away most of trade in Singapura, making Singapura lose its importance.
Much later, when Raffles stepped on Temasik for once, he found that the only settlers were a small group of farmers and fishermen.Isolated fishing villag