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The Yellow River Valley Civilization

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by

Kenny Evans

on 2 September 2014

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Transcript of The Yellow River Valley Civilization

The Yellow River Valley Civilization
Job Specialization
Upper Class - royal advisers, ministers, aristocrat, noble
Middle Class - artisan. craftsmen, metal workers, farmers
Lower Class - peasants, military
Farmeres - grew food for society to eat
Ministers - spiritual help to emperor
Peasants - provided much of the hard labor to richer, made up military
Kennedy Harper
Technology
Mastered techniques of horse riding, pottery, and forging bronze and iron
Created writing and reading system using knots and scratches on bones
Studied astronomy
Government
most rule was local - leaders loyal to king
Bureaucracy- group of aristocratc chieftains who could be removed at king's will

Basic Info
The Yellow River stretches across China for more than 2900 miles
It is the second longest river in China, after the Yangtze River
It is called the Yellow River because sediments turn it hat color
Art and Architecture
Architecture
mostly lived in simple mud huts
1500 BC - line of Shang kings began constructing elaborate tombs and palaces (society invaded by Chinese nomads halted advancements)
Art
used delicate designs
early interest in music but lack of materials
Literature
Very important to be able to read
4 main books - Book of History, Book of Change, Book of Rites, Book of Songs
Most writing destroyed by next empire that came
Cities and Social Classes
Cities
The cities were broken down into 3 different dynasties. The Xia (21st-16th century), Shang (16th-11th century), and Tang (618-907)
Social Classes
The king ruled from the capital city of Anyang
kingdom divided into three different territories
military leaders ruled territories
peasants provided most labor
peasants made up most of population and lived under ground so they could save the fertile land
Gender Roles and Public Works
Gender Roles
Family is very important
Authority belongs to father
Father always arranges marriages for daughter, controls education for all children, and chooses career for son
Women unable to own property
Public Works
Kings would issue peasants and other's to build levees because the river would flood so often
The worst flood killing between 1 and 4 million
Technology and Government
Full transcript