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Reaction to World War 1
Transcript of Reaction to World War 1
Carson and the unionists supported the war effort.
Thousands of unionists from the north and south of Ireland joined the British army.
They felt that it was their duty.
They felt that this was the best way to maintain the union with Britain and protect the British empire.
They believed that they would get special treatment after the war.
The Irish Volunteers split over the war.
The vast majority of the Volunteers followed the views of John Redmond, leader of the Home Rule Party.
He felt that the Irish Volunteers should fight in the war.
The Volunteers who followed Redmond became known as the National Volunteers.
They believed that if they supported the war effort they would be rewarded with Home Rule after the war.
About 10,000 Volunteers did not accept Redmond's view.
They stayed under the leadership of Eoin Mac Neill.
They believed that they should defend Ireland at home.
They kept the name the Irish Volunteers.
Ireland in World War 1
About 250,000 Irishmen joined the British army in WW1.
They fought in the major battlefields, especially on the Western front in France and Gallipoli in Turkey.
In the Battle of the Somme in France in 1916, nationalists and unionists died fighting for what they believed in.
Nationalists joined famous regiments such as the Irish Guards, the Royal Munster Fusiliers. Unionists joined the 36th Ulster Division.
Nationalists complained the British government did not give them enough credit for their part in the war.
To examine the reaction to WW1.