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Christmas (Navidad)

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Kezia Miller

on 19 December 2013

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Transcript of Christmas (Navidad)

In Mexico people generally tend to take the last 2 weeks of December off to spend time with the family and visit with old friends.
Christmas starts in Mexico on December 12th and goes all the way to January 6th.
Families start to shop for gifts at this time in a market called

Decorations on the homes tend to be lilies and evergreens.
They also cut detailed designs in brown paper bags to make lanterns (
They place a candle inside and then set the
along sidewalks,windowsills, rooftops or outside walls.

Gifts (Regalo) and Music (Música)
Decorations (Decoración)
Food (


La Vizcaina
Consists of:
salted cod that has been dried
potatoes, tomatoes, onions, olives, capers and bright red bell peppers
Rosca de Reyes
Traditions (Tradición)
Christmas Events
Evento de Navidad

Las Posadas
Poinsettias (
Flores de Pascua
In 1828, the American minister to Mexico, Joel R. Poinsett, brought a red-and-green plant from Mexico to America
These plants were called poinsettias after Poinsett.
This flower is also known as "The Flower of The Blessed Night"(
La Flor de Noche Buena
Nativity Scene (
is the focal point of the household's Christmas celebration.
Its simply three figures making up the holy family or as complex as the entire city of Bethlehem.
The main figures include, baby Jesus, the donkey, Mary, Joseph and the 3 Wise men who brought gifts.
These gifts include Mercury, Frankincense and Gold.
It represents the birth of the Savior, which is also known as Jesus Christ.
During traditional celebrations, like the posadas, the traditional piñata will usually be in the shape of a seven-pointed star with a variety of bright colors
Each point represents what some Christians believe to be one of the "
seven deadly sins
Beating the piñata is a symbolic act that implies killing the sin and starting over
While breaking the piñata there is a song/jingle that is sung “
Dale, dale, dale, no pierdas el tiro, porque si lo pierdes, pierdes el camino
” (“Hit it, hit it, hit it, don’t lose your aim, because if you lose your aim you’ll miss the road”).
Festivals or Parties
At the end of each night of Las Posadas, everyone gathers at church for a mass.
After that the whole congregation ( a group of people) gather for a festival where they can gather and sing and enjoy refreshments and eat things such as sweet and spicy tamales and

Activities can include the breaking of a star-shaped piñata and fireworks.
The week's activities end as the children are secretly visited by the three
(wise men) who bring treats and gifts for each member of the household

Christmas Carols

La Rama
— The Tree Branch
Los Peces en el Rio
— The Fish in the River
Amarga Navidad
— Bitter Christmas
Los Posadas
Feliz Navidad
— Merry Christmas
Mayan Pearl
Sometimes called the surprise Mayan Pearl because when you give it as a gift, the pearl is still in the oyster or mussel.
Mexican tradition places various blessings on the color of the hidden pearl.
White is for health
Cream is for happiness
Peach promises love
Lavender gives the wearer wisdom
Gold brings wealth
Cake Eating and Gift Giving
The traditional day for children to receive presents is January 6,known as the Three Kings Day (
A special ring shaped cake called '
Rosca de Reyes
' is shared with family and friends. The cake has miniature plastic dolls in it and everyone cuts their own piece of cake.
Whoever gets a little toy doll in their piece of cake has to buy tamales for everyone else on February 2nd.
In the past, if the person didn't have much money, they would try and hide the toy in their mouth or even swallow, just so they wouldn't have to buy tamales.

One of the many Christmas celebrations in Mexico is called
las posadas
( the inn )
Refers to the birth of Jesus and reenacting Joseph and Mary's search for a place to stay in Bethlehem.
The processions begin nine days before Christmas because the original journey from Nazareth to Bethlehem took nine days.
The traditional Christmas meal is served after midnight mass.
It often consists of
-salted cod,
-fried fish
-stuffed chiles
Noche Buena
salad (jícama, beets, nuts and orange juice)
-traditional fruit punch.
After the piñata is broken (filled with Christmas sweets)
Everyone enjoys tamales, sweet fritters called
, and a hot chocolate drink that is called
chocolate caliente
For adults who want something with a little more kick, there is
ponche con piquete,
a hot punch this is made of blends of seasonal fruits and a shot of wine or spirits, served with a cinnamon stick.
More Food
A Traditional Dinner
Consists of:
(which is codfish usually) cooked in tomato sauce or olive oil
- eggnog
- looks like rosemary and can be served with dried shrimp
-a thick chocolate drink or a mixture of alcohol
- cider
- turkey

Gifts are not necessarily exchanged for Christmas in Mexico the way they are in the USA.
Instead, many people in Mexico celebrate Las Posadas.
Not all of these gifts are toys.
Traditional Mexican Christmas gifts usually is food, candy and other symbolic items.
http://www.msichicago.org/scrapbook/scrapbook_exhibits/catw2004/traditions/ countries/mexico.html
http://edsitement.neh.gov/node/23221/edit%3Fdestination%3Dadmin/content/fi lter
http://www.gardenguides.com/132438-mexican-christmas-differ-american- christmas.html
http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-some-traditional-mexican-food-for- christmas.htm
A sweet dish
A type of bread that is shaped into the shape of a Christmas wreath
Often sweetened with spices
Includes small figurines of Jesus baked into the loaf
Usually a glaze or sauce is added to the top of the bread
Game (Juego)
True Or False
(Verdadero o Falso)
The three wise men are called

Christmas goes from December 13th to January 7th
The song they sing well hitting the pinata is:
Dale, dale, dale, no pierdas el almuerzo, porque si lo pierdes, pierdes el bus
” (“Hit it, hit it, hit it, don’t lose your lunch, because if you lose your lunch you’ll miss the bus”).
are drinks
Guess The Picture
Stuffed Chiles
Rosca de Reyes
Flores de Pascua
Noche Buena
salad (jícama, beets, nuts and apple juice)
Noche Buena
salad (jícama, beets, nuts and
Christmas goes from December
to January
Dale, dale, dale, no pierdas el
, porque si lo pierdes, pierdes el
” (“Hit it, hit it, hit it, don’t lose your
, because if you lose your
you’ll miss the
- cider
- eggnog
Mayan Pearl
Vocabulary Check
Las Posadas
The Inn
La Rama
The Tree Branch
Sweet Fritters
Ballet Folklorico Mexicano
Mexican folk dancing
Christmas celebration of Mexico's rich folk music and dance traditions.
This vibrant and colorful performance features a traditional Christmas processional which includes:
las Posada
-Visit from the Three Wise Men,
-Festive pinata scene
-Ends with a Mariachi finale.
Full transcript