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Should Creatine Supplements Be Banned?

Presentation for Bio 140

Cassie Pyles

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Should Creatine Supplements Be Banned?

By Cassie Pyles and Rachael O'Hara Should Creatine Supplements
Be Banned? Some people believe that creatine should be banned in sports and players caught using creatine should be punished, disqualified, or fined. This includes professional as well as semi professional and college athletes. These people believe that both the individual and team use of creatine should be illegal in sports. Viewpoint 1: Creatine Should Be Banned Creatine can be used as a way of cheating.

Creatine can be abused to a very dangerous level.

It has never been reviewed by the FDA because it is a supplement and not a drug.

The creatine label does not state side effects therefore players do not necessarily know the potential dangers and banning the substance would protect them.

Injuries have been reported due to overexerting the body during work out. Key Arguments: Individuals taking creatine supplements can experience gastrointestinal side effects including nausea, loss of appetite, and diarrhea.

May cause muscle cramps leading to discomfort or muscle injury.

Kidney failure is a risk with taking creatine if the individual is unaware of the necessity to take in higher amounts of water. Disadvantages of Creatine use: Viewpoint 2: Creatine Should be Allowed It builds healthy muscles fast which helps to burn fat and keep people at a healthy weight.

Enhances performance during high intensity short duration sports.

In addition to standard medical care, taking creatine can increase the amount of physical activity patients with heart disease, and other related diseases can handle.

It also improved the health of individuals with COPD and Muscular Dystrophy. Advantages of Creatine Use What is Creatine? What do Athletes use it for? If creatine was banned it would be exceptionally difficult to test players to see if they are using it because it is naturally made in the body and it is found in meats eaten by players.

When used correctly creatine does not pose a large threat to the individual and usually no side effects are experienced.

Liquid creatine moves faster through the body than powdered which is another way to lessen the side effects even more.

It helps the individual build lean healthy muscle and increases their energy during performance which could possibly prevent injuries in some cases. Key Arguments: Specific sports and their opinions on Creatine

Creatine is legal for player use in the MLB, NFL, NBA, and the NCAA. It is accepted by the International Olympic Committee.

The NCAA has banned colleges from giving their players creatine. However they have not banned players from using it themselves. How it works: Creatine is an amino acid naturally found in meat and fish and made by humans in the liver. When consumed by the body it is converted into creatine phosphate and stored in the muscles. It is used during exercise to make ATP and give you energy. Creatine is popularly used by body builders and competitive athletes. These people use creatine supplements to store extra energy in their body so they can work out harder and have higher endurance to get faster results. It works best during high intensity, short duration sports such as weight lifting and sprinting. Where can you buy Creatine Supplements? Creatine can be bought in many health food stores and places where people can get vitamins or organic foods. This includes places such as GNC, online, and any supplement store. In short creatine works like any other naturally occurring substance in the body. It is broken down and stored in muscles to later be put through the metabolic process of converting to ATP. Interesting facts about Creatine:

Creatine was discovered in the 1800's as an organic constituent of meat.

25% percent of professional baseball players and 50% of professional football players take creatine supplements.

Creatine has been produced and sold on the market since the 1960's.

Over 4 million kg per year are used in the US.

There is 1 gram of creatine in 1/2 pound of raw meat.

Creatine is needed to produce ATP for energy and half of the creatine we need daily is made naturally inside the body.

Creatine supplements do not benefit people over 60 years of age. Background Information on Creatine:
95% of the bodies creatine is found in the skeletal muscle.

Creatine is naturally made in the human body by amino acids in the kidney and liver and then transported by the blood for muscle use.

Creatine became popular in the 1990s as a natural way to enhance performance and put on lean body mass

Carbohydrates increase muscle creatine uptake

Creatine is especially effective for sports and activities that require intense but brief bursts of energy. It is not as effective in endurance activities.

You do not need a prescription to buy creatine because it is a food supplement. Effects of Creatine on the body: The weight gain a person experiences during long term use of creatine supplements would be measured in body mass

When taking anywhere between 2-25 grams of creatine per day in a 3 month period body mass is increased by 1.5 to 3.5 pounds

When taking this dosage body strength is increased 15% What people who are against creatine see: People who are for creatine believe that when used correctly creatine can be a healthy way to boost your athletic ability in a natural way. They believe creatine should not be banned and that players and teams should be allowed to correctly use creatine in their sports. What people who are for Creatine see Common side effects of creatine when not used properly:

Attitude Changes
Loss of Appetite
Electrolite Imbalance
Blood Clots in the Legs
Abnormal Heartbeat

Long term Side Effects
Kidney Failure
Cancer Absolute Creatine. (2000). Creatine and legal issues. Retrieved from http://www.absolute-creatine.com/10.htm

Steven, E. (2011, April 09). umm.edu. Retrieved from http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/creatine-000297.htm

Bodybulding.com. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/layne22.htm

Creatine overview information. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-873-CREATINE.aspx?activeIngredientId=873

Muscle and strength. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.muscleandstrength.com/supplements/ingredients/creatine-monohydrate.html
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