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Module 6 Project-Water Pollution

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Alyssa Henry

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Module 6 Project-Water Pollution

Module 6 Project-Water Pollution
Circular Flow of the Effects of Water Pollution
a) How does this issue affect households and local residents?
Water pollution causes water to be unsafe for people to consume and use. If this water is used people could become ill and medical bills could become costly.
b) How does this issue affect area businesses?
Local businesses would be affected because if they use the polluted water it could contaminate their product, especially in the agriculture and fishing industries. This could be very costly because it would set them back in production.
c) How does this issue affect our government at the local, state, and national levels?
Government would have to set new regulations and get funding for programs to clean up the pollution. If too many people become ill from the water, measures would need to be take to make sure treatment is available to them and that something is being done to prevent more from becoming ill.
d) How does this issue affect the rest of the world?
The rest of the world may put restrictions on U.S. exports that could have been contaminated by the water to prevent their citizens from becoming ill. Governments would have to spend money to clean up pollution that occurs in their country.
e) How does the issue affect resources, goods and services, and finances?
Resources could be unusable because of contamination, goods and services could be recalled or limited in production because of the water pollution, and financially people could sue businesses or choose not to invest in businesses because of possible contamination of their products.
Factors in Choosing a Solution
What are the necessary conditions for any possible solution to work? There has to be substantial proof that there is a safety concern in the community caused by the pollution to create support and necessity for a change. There should also be funds to back up a solution, community support and approval, and a complete plan on how to carry out the solution.
Are there budget or labor concerns? Yes, the solution must be cost effective or it may not get the support of the community.
Does the public need to be aware of and support the solution? Yes because without the support and help of the community, it will be much harder to carry out any sort of solution. With the communities help, solutions can be carried out more effectively and on a much grander scale.
What challenges are there to implementing each solution? The resources must be available, it can’t violate and local government laws and policies, and it has to have support of the people.
How else might you judge possible solutions against each other? I may consider how long the solution will take or how many parts are involved in executing each solution.
What do your parents say about the issue? Water is necessary for life and plans should be made to protect it. Everyone can do a small part in conserving and stopping water pollution.
Should possible externalities factor into the chosen solution? Yes because if there are more negative externalities than positive externalities, the solution should probably be reconsidered and revised.
Possible Solutions and Externalities of the Issue
Analysis of Solutions
Incentives: 1) Individuals would have cleaner water that would not be contaminated by car washing chemicals. Businesses, especially car washing businesses, would benefit because they would get more business because many recycle or properly dispose of the water they use. The government would benefit because the tax money they would get back could pay from different programs and the money that would go towards a cleanup program could go somewhere else. 2) Individuals would get to experience cleaner beaches and water as well as being less likely to get sick. Businesses along the beaches would have more customers attracted to them because the beaches would be nicer. The government would benefit because the tax money and the money that would go towards a cleanup program could go towards new programs. 3) Individuals would be less likely to get sick from contaminants in the water and have more naturally grown gardens. Businesses selling organic fertilizer will flourish

Externalities: 1) People may petition against the regulations because they can’t afford to pay to have their car washed or it’s too inconvenient. More people could start car washing businesses because of the increase in demand for them, which would create more jobs. 2) More jobs would be created because some sort of group or program would need to be created to maintain and distribute the trash cans. Tourism would increase because the beaches would be cleaner. Storms could move or destroy them, spreading trash everywhere that would need to be cleaned up. 3) People who have gardens with specific needs might not be able to properly care for them or have to change their plants. Non organic fertilizer companies would suffer and organic fertilizer companies would flourish.
Analysis
1) This solution doesn't really meet the criteria as a solution because it would be hard to get the support of a policy like this one and would require money to enforce. It would be possible to ease the people into it gradually but that would take time and they still wouldn't be very happy with it.
2) This solution meets the criteria because it's easy enough to get started, it's not as expensive as the other policies, it would provide jobs for those who help with the project, and it would effectively help reduce pollution on the beaches.
3) This solution doesn't really meet the criteria because it would be expensive to maintain because many people would have to switch what fertilizer they use and it wouldn't have a lot of support from the people. Without that support it would be harder to enforce the policy.

I would choose option 2 over the other options because it is more cost effective and would have greater support from the community. There are less negative externalities for option 2 than the other options which make it a clear choice. Solution 2 would create jobs because they'd need people to place and maintain the trash cans. This solution would effectively reduce pollution, it meets the criteria, and doesn't have many negative externalities, therefore it is the best choice.
Citations
Walls-Thumma, Dawn. "How Can Water Pollution Affect Animals, Homes and Health?." Homeguides. Hearst Newspapers, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://homeguides.sfgate.com/can-water-pollution-affect-animals-homes-health-79201.html>.
"Water Pollution-Effects." The Environment: A Global Challenge. Oracle, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Environmental_Problems/water_pollution_-_effects.html>.
"Water." Natural Resource Defense Council. NRDC, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://www.nrdc.org/water/>.
"How To Clean Up Our Water." Natural Resource Defense Council. NRDC, 22 Aug. 2012. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/gsteps.asp>.

Give three possible solutions to the environmental issue you are investigating.
Put limits and regulations on at home car and boat washing (1), make trashcans available on the beach and on the islands in the Apollo Beach area to reduce litter (2), or limit the community to only using organic fertilizers (3).
Why would some people oppose the solutions you have chosen? Some people would oppose solution one because people may not want to spend the money to pay to get their car washed or to wash their car less frequently. People may be opposed to option 3 because people may not be willing to switch to a different fertilizer
What positive or negative externalities does this issue present at each sector of the economy? Refer to your circular-flow diagram. Households-people could get sick from the polluted water and possibly have to pay costly medical bills. Business Firms-If they use the water to grow produce, the produce will become contaminated. Government-The government would have to borrow money to create programs to clean up the pollution and pay workers. Rest of World-Could get sick from U.S. exports of produce and other products. U.S. may import more foreign products because of contamination of ours. Product market-Could have contaminated goods sold to them which they would not be able to see to the people, or if they did would make people sick.
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