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Copy of And the Earth Did Not Devour Him

PSTL 1371 Teach In Presentation

Seong ho Chung

on 9 June 2011

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Transcript of Copy of And the Earth Did Not Devour Him

Literary Context Multicultralism The atmosphere of struggle and the ton of silent protest likewise grow out that for the Mexican-American can migrant laborer survival depend almost entirely on his ability to function as a tiller of the soil. His educational problem are there fore ignored or poorly attended to, hence the author’s emphasis on education as being the migrant’s best hope for escaping the dehumanizing experience of toiling his life away in the field.

Saul Sanchez
University of Oklahoma Race, Class, and Religion Literary Movement Chicano Literature Literatures written by Mexican Americans in U.S. Typical Themes of Chicano Literature Very Similar to the literatures written during the Harlem Ranaissance
Racial discrimination
Cultrural Conflict The Bildungsroman Genre Focuses on the growth of the character(s)
Coming of Age
Changes within the character(s) are important Textual Evidences Narration Narration helps us understand the direction of a story
Narration provides us with important details that ouline subtext and meaning in stories
Generally, Narration is from either 3rd person omiscient point of view, or 1st person (character) point of view. Textual Evidence In the book, "And the Earth Did Not Devour Him":
Narration is generally from the 3rd person POV; however, at times, it switches to 1st person.
This allows the reader to understand the emotions of specific characters in specific stories. Examples of the Narration’s effect in the stories:
“It was a beautiful wedding day… The couple would receive congratulations of family and friends…” (Diaz, pg 123)
In the wedding story, the 3rd person narrative serves to illustrate the happy environment and sense of community… Examples of the Narration's effect in the stories:
1st person narration of The Night the Lights Went Out, serves a different meaning…
This narration helps in outlining the effects of rumors and jealousy in a young relationship…
“He was faithful to her but she wasn’t. She was going around with some guy from San Antonio. When he found out… he took to drinking” (Diaz, pg 125)
The 1st person narration from a bystander’s perspective allows the reader to understand Ramon’s torment. Imagery Authors create images as they write. These images paint a picture for the reader. Textual Evidence The Children Couldn't Wait "And the child didn’t even jump like a deer does , he just stayed in the water like a dirty rag and the water started to turn bloody." Live Deer full of energy , just like kids do Dirty rag symbol of used; obsolete and disposable just like a dead corpse ( The child that got shot ) "And the Earth Did Not Devour Him" by Tomas Rivera Literary Ideas We Have Discussed In Class Theme A larger or controlling idea that emerges as you read the text. This idea will not be directly stated, but the events that take places in the story will lead to an understanding of the themes of the story. Characters will also reveal themes. Themes are one kind of subtext to be discovered by the reader. Themes can also compared between texts. "And the Earith Did Not Devour Him"

"He cursed God...For a second, he saw the earth opening up to devour him...His anger swelled up again and he vented it by cursing God" (111).

"He felt peace as never before" (111).
"He looked down at the earth and kicked it hard" (112). Portrays the growth of the character from youth to adulthood
Coming of Age
Often features the conflict between the main character and society Is that it hurts On Page 95 “ The movie was good. The operator was the most important one.” The images show the importance of becoming telephone operator in the 40’s. it was a respected job Hand in his pocket On page 100 “ I remember well that the wetback arrived, his hair combed real good and fragrant like always.” Show an image of a man that takes care of himself and how he looks, but he is a wetback (lower class Mexican immigrant ). Racial discrimination along with poverty and race The stories are plotted in such a way to describe the struggle and frustration of immigrants to blend in or live the US culture or society. Other themes may also be present depending of an individual’s interpretation of the story The Night before Christmas-- has a theme of “mother’s love for her children” because the author narrates about a mother who was having a difficult time buying a Christmas present for her kids and how she was having problems getting around downtown to find toys for her children.
The Nights Before the Lights Went Out-- has a theme of “coming of age” because it narrates about a boy who killed himself for love. A love driven by masculinity, anger and immaturity
“I don’t care if we broke up or not. You are going to pay for this” (126) is what Ramon said before he commit suicide Racism
And the Earth Did Not Devour Him show the racism and discrimination Chicano migrant workers encountered, even among their peers. Rivera explores the effects of economic and social injustice. While there is much suffering and uncertainty in many of the stories, Rivera also emphasizes the resilience and determination of the migrant workers.
source: http://www.highbeam.com Religion
Religion and faith play important roles in their lives as do family and community.
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