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Unit 5- Imperialism (Part 2)

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Teri Lina

on 17 July 2017

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Transcript of Unit 5- Imperialism (Part 2)

Imperialism Part 2-
China, Japan, and ISOLATION!

China, Japan, and
ISOLATION!

What is isolation?
The physical or political distancing from other groups
Re-Cap:
Why had China and Japan enforced isolationism of HUNDREDS
of years?
China's Political System:
Qing Dynasty-
.
Ruling family of China for almost 300 years! Government type = Monarchy
Japans Political System:
Feudalism-
.
Japan was ruled mostly by the SHOGUN, but an Emperor still existed. Government type= FEUDALISM
CHINA AND "THE WEST"
Trading with China
- What did Britain (and other European countries) want from CHINA?
Silks
Porcelain
Spices
- To trade with China:
1.) Foreigner trade was conducted at ONE port

2.) KOW TOW- ritual "Bowing" performed to Chinese authorities
The Opium War!!
Years-


Result:
TREATY OF NANJING-
Revealed that-
.
Because of isolation, China was never exposed to new technologies, and was now weaker than Europe
Sphere's of Influence in
CHINA

What is a 'Sphere of Influence'?
An area in which another country has significant economic and militaristic control over.
Open Door Policy-
.
US foreign policy that declared "free-trade" throughout China
The Boxer Rebellion
BOXERS:

MISSION:


RESULT:
Group of nationalists- "Righteous & Harmonious Fists"


Entice "Nationalism"; TO GET RID OF ALL FOREIGNERS in China- used violence against Europeans


Empress Dowager Cixi turned against the Boxers; Europeans & Americans ended the rebellion
Taiping Rebellion-
A civil War in China fought for almost 14 years; led by a Chinese Christian convert who had a dream to revolt against the government
** Internal unrest was an obvious indication that China
needed to:
END ISOLATION!!!
**China continued to resist_______________________________, until 20th century!
WESTERNIZATION
Japan and
WESTERNIZATION!
Like the Chinese,
Japan traded at ONE PORT and enforced KOW-TOW
Commodore Matthew Perry:
.
US military leader- was sent to request more
open trade with Japan (1853)
-"Black Ships"-
.
What the Japanese called
Perry's fleet- it was very threatening
- Ultimatum to Japan=
.
"Open up more trading ports for the US.
In one year, I will come back with twice as many ships for your answer..."
February, 1854-
.
Perry comes back to Japan with double the amount of "black ships"
Japan's response:

TREATY OF KANAGAWA-
.
"We will open trade"

. Japan open more ports for trade with the US, and later with other countries too...
Meiji Restoration!!!
1868-
.
Began the reform in Japan from
a FEUDAL society, to a powerful Capitalist society
Goals of Meiji Japan:
1. Western
ize
(Modern
ize
); Learn it, then be better than them!

2. Industrial
ize
- improve transportation methods

3. Imperial
ize
- obtain more natural resources
Effects
: Within 50 years, Japan becomes the most powerful Asian country... they conquer land from
China
and Russia! Their threat continues to increase until WW2...
The United States gains
New Territory!!
HAWAII
Ca$h Crop=
. SUGAR!

Many American sugar planters lived in Hawaii
In 1894,
. American sugar planters staged a "coup de 'etat" to overthrow Lilioukalani!!
Queen Lilioukalani-
. Last Hawaiian Queen/ruler
Result:
President McKinley annexes Hawaii to the US
**ANNEXATION=
. TO ADD ONTO
The Spanish-American War!!
In the 1800's, Spain controlled
CUBA & Puerto Rico
- 1898: THE USS MAINE IS SUNK!!!
Americans believe...
The Spanish in Cuba did it!!
The Spanish-American War was fought for
3 months
RESULT:
1.
2.
3.
. US wins & gets=
PUERTO RICO
GUAM
PHILLIPINES
Let's Compare
CHINA VS. JAPAN
.
1839-1842
1856- 1860

. England HUMILIATED the Chinese military... Huge victory for Britain!
Britain was granted: 1.) FREE TRADE (extraterritorial rights)
2.) Control over Hong Cong
1898-1900
Britain finds their "IN"
The Product:
How to Distribute:
Impact:
China to Britain:
Britain Responds:
OPIUM! An addictive drug...
Smuggle in Opium with traded products
MILLIONS of Chinese become addicted! Opium dens open across China... their "pure" culture has been polluted.
Please enforce punishments on your merchants who are smuggling Opium into China.
Only if China opens up trade. China declined.
1.) They have Unique Cultures
2.) They are
Self-Sufficient
; do not rely on others to provide for them
3.) They believed "Western" cultures were barbaric and uncivilized
Those oppressed by Imperial Powers should strong resistance- Boxers, Sepoys, and Zulus. Lets compare and contrast the Boxers and Sepoys...
Before After
Full transcript