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Mass Media in the UK

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Kamilla Radeczki

on 4 April 2013

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Transcript of Mass Media in the UK

The British Print Media MASS MEDIA IN THE UK British press: largest and oldest
Literacy rate: 99%
Important role of press
Regional and National press Newspapers Publishing/Book Industry Oldest yet most dynamic and considerably influential mass media
William Caxton, 1476, owner of earliest known British mechanical press
Survived and strengthened despite the new mass media
Publishing houses: long, illustrious history
100s in total number, publishing approx. 100,000 books per year Magazines Large and expanding sector
8,800-10,000 titles covering most topics
2/3: ‘business and professional’
1/3: ‘consumer’ magazines
e.g.:  Private Eye,  Hello!,  The Spectator British Radio Print Media Newspapers Magazines Books Tabloids
(Popular Press) Berliner Compact Broadsheet The Daily Telegraph
est. 1855 The Sunday Telegraph
est. 1861 The Sunday Times
est. 1822 The Observer
est. 1791 The Independent
est. 1986 Independent on Sunday
est. 1986 The Times
est. 1785 The Guardian
est. 1821 Daily Sunday Daily Express
est. 1900 Daily Mailest. 1896 Sunday Express
est. 1918 The Mail on Sunday
est. 1982 Daily Sunday Daily Star
est. 1978 The Daily Mirror
est. 1903 Sunday Mirror
est. 1915 The Morning Star
est. 1930 Weekly
magazines Monthly
magazines 1.What's On TV (3.4m)
2. Radio Times (2.6m)
3. TV Choice (1.7m)
4. TV Times (1.6m)
5. Auto Trader (1.2m)
6. TV Quick (1.0m)
7. Nuts (0.9m)
8. Zoo (0.7m)
9. The Big Issue (0.6m)
10. TV Easy (0.5m) 1. Sky Magazine (7.5m)
2. Sky Sports (3.0m)
3. Sky Movies (2.3m)
4. National Geographic (2.0m)
5. BBC Top Gear (1.9m)
6. Saga magazine (1.7m)
7. Reader's Digest (1.6m)
8. FHM (1.6m)
9. BBC Gardeners' World (1.4m)
10. Men's Health (1.1m) According to the National Readership Survey, these are the most-read magazines in the UK. This shows readership, and not sales, and these figures represent the twelve months to June 2009. Top selling publishers British Television 1955: launch of IPTV --> commercial TV
940 television broadcasts stations
400 different TV channels on offer
Broadcasting Act 1990 Electronic Media In The UK Strong tradition of public-service broadcasting
International reputation for creative programme-making
Wide reach:
60 m households = 70% of all UK homes have multichannel TV sets
40.2 m Internet users Electronic Media TV Radio Internet Internet in the UK "New Media"
The Daily Telegraph: first newspaper to go ‘online’ in 1994
Today all significant media have online presences
Big names:
Guardian Unlimited, 1 million unique users
BBC Online, 10 million unique users
13.9 million UK households (57%) have internet access, of which 69% are broadband. Major British TV Channels Biggest broadcasting organization in the world
Operates 14 television channels
Attracts third of the total TV audience
Leading European broadcaster ITV stand for “Independent TV’
Split into 3 commercial television national stations
Channel 3 (digital)
Channel 4 (analogue)
Channel 5 (digital) first official broadcast 1929 1938 BBC launches electronic television broadcasts UK's first analogue cable services 1936 Launched: October 1998
Biggest player:
British Sky Broadcasting
8.3 m subscribers
Largest pay TV service provider
25 channels 1998 Digital Terrestrial TV 2002 Analogue terrestrial UHF transmissions cease in all regions 2012 Digital Satellite TV Provide both television and telephone services.
Biggest player: Virgin Media, Cable TV Launched in 2002 as “Freeview”
One-time subscription fee: £90
Offers 30 free channels Popular British TV Content Soaps:
Coronation Street
Britain's Got Talent
Big Brother
X-Factor Radio Public Sector Radio Commercial Radio BBC: operates more than 40 stations (50% of all radio listening)
Channels include:
5 national radio stations
5 digital-only stations
BBC World Service
regional stations in Scotland, Wales, Northern
30 other local stations Started in 1970s,
Over 300 private stations
3 national services
Classic FM, Virgin Radio and Talk Sport
around 10 'regional' services and 170 local services
Over 100 temporary radio stations per year Hachette Livre (16.4%)
Headline; Hodder & Stoughton, Sceptre
Random House (13.7%)
Century, Hutchinson,
Penguin Books (9.7%)
Penguin, Hamish Hamilton, Allen Lane
HarperCollins (7.6%)
HarperCollins, 4th Estate, Avon,
Pan Macmillan (3.3%)
Pan Books, Picador
Pearson Education (2.3%)
Oxford University Press (2.1%)
Bloomsbury (2.0%)
Bloomsbury, A&C Black
Simon & Schuster (1.6%)
John Wiley & Sons (1.5%) 3 Sectors Middle Market Broadsheets
(Quality Press) 1922: daily broadcasting by BBC
AM, FM & digital platforms
Divided into public sector and commercial radio
Most popular day-time medium Kamilla Radeczki
12.C Thank You For Your Attention The British watch the most television among Europeans. Fun fact Earliest known newspaper: The Oxford Gazette, 1665
Total sales:
Weekly newspapers: 11.25 m
Sunday titles: 12 m
Regional and local newspapers: 98% of the total circulation
Ownership concentrated amongst 8 major media conglomerates (News International, Trinity Mirror)
Sales: on the decline since past 40 years
Full transcript